The Survey of London (1633): Temporal Government

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Temporall Government.
Discoursed in briefe manner.
THIS City of Lon-
being under the
government of the
Patent. Ase-
rius Mene-
and Saxons, the most
ancient and famous
City of the whole
Florencius Wigor. Ma-
rianus Sco-
was at length destroyed by the
Danes, and left desolate, as may appeare
by our Histories. But Aelfred King of
the West Saxons, having brought this
whole Realme (from many parts) into
one Monarchie, honorably repaired this
City, and made it againe habitable, and
then committed the custody thereof to
his Sonne in law Adhered, Earle of Mer-
. After whose decease, the Citie, with
all other possessions pertaining to the
said Earle, returned to King Edward,
sirnamed the Elder, &c. And so remai-
ned in the Kings hands, being governed
under him by Portgraves (or Portreves)
which name is compounded of the two
Saxon words,
Porte and Gerefe or Reve-Porte
betokeneth a Towne, and Gerefe
signifieth a Gardian, Ruler or Keeper of
the Towne.
These Governors of old time (saith Ro-
bert Fabian)
with the lawes and customes
then used within this Citie,
Lib. 8. Al-
were registred
in a Booke, called the Doomes-day Booke,
written in the Saxon Tongue: but of later
dayes, when the lawes and customes were
changed, and for that also the said Booke
was of a small hand, sore defaced, and hard
to be read or understood; it was lesse set by,
so that it was imbezeled and lost.
Rob. Fabian.
Thus farre
Notwithstanding, I have found by
search of divers old Registers and other
Records abroad; namely, in a Booke
sometime appertaining to the Monaste-
ry of Saint Albans, of the Portgraves,
and other Governours of this City, as
First, that in the reigne of King Ed-
the last,
Citizens of London called Burgesses.
before the conquest, Wolfe-
was Portgrave, as may appeare by
the Charter of the same King, in these
Edward, King, greeteth Alfward Bishop,
and Wolfgar my Portgrave, and all the Bur-
gesses of London
. And afterward, that in
another Charter, King Edward greeteth
William, Bishop, and Swetman my Port-
grave. And after that, in another Char-
ter to the Abbey of Chertsey: To William,
Bishop, and Leofstane and Alffy Port-
In the reigne of William Conqueror,
William, Bishop of London, procured of
the said Conqueror his Charter of Li-
berties, to the same William, Bishop, &
Godfrey, Portgrave, in the Saxon tongue,
and turned into English, thus:
Charter of William Conqueror.
King, greeteth William, Bi-
shop, and Godfrey, Portgrave, and all the
Burgesses within London, French, and
English: And I grant that they be all their
law worth, that they were in Edward dayes
the King. And I will that each child bee his
Fathers heire. And I will not suffer that a-
ny man doe you wrong: and God you
And then in the reigne of the said
Conquerour, and of William Rufus, God-
frey de Magnavile
was Portgrave, (or
Sheriffe) as may appeare by their Char-
and Richard de Par was Provost.
In the reigne of King Henry the first,
Hugh Buche was Portgrave, and Leofsta-
, Goldsmith, Provost, buried at Ber-
After them, Aubery de Vere was Port-

Temporall Government.

and Robert Bar Querel, Provost.
This Aubery de Vere was slaine in the
reigne of King Stephen.
I. Leyland.
It is to bee no-
ted also, that King Henry the first gran-
ted to the Citizens of London, the Shi-
rifwicke thereof, and of Middlesex, as in
another place is shewed.
In the reigne of King Stephen,
was Portgrave, and Andrew Bu-
, Provost.
After him, Godfrey Magnavile, the
Sonne of VVilliam, the Sonne of God-
frey Magnavile
, by the gift of Maud the
Empresse, was Portgrave or Sheriffe of
London and Middlesex, for the yeerely
farme of three hundred pound, as ap-
peareth by the Charter.
In the time of King Henry the se-
cond, Peter Fitz Walter was Portgrave;
after him Iohn Fitz Nigel was Port-
grave, after him, Ernulfus Buchel became
Portgrave; and after him VVilliam Fitz
These Portgraves are also in divers
Records called,
graves, since cal-
led She-
riffes, and Iudges of the Kings Court, & have ther-
fore Vn-
riffes, men lear-
ned in the law, to sit in their Courts. Doomes-
, or Iudges of the Kings Court.
Vicecomites, Vicounties,
or Sheriffes, as being under an Earle;
for that they then, as since, used that of-
fice as the Sheriffes of London doe till
this day. Some Authors do call them
Doomes-men, Eldermen, or Iudges of the
Kings Court.
VVilliam Fitz Stephen, noting the e-
state of this City, & Government there-
of in his time, under the reigne of King
Stephen, and of Henry the second, hath
these words:
This Citie (faith he) even as Rome, is
divided into VVards, it hath yeerely She-
riffes in stead of Consuls, it hath the dignity
of Senators and Aldermen, it hath Vnder-officers,
and according to the qualitie of
Lawes, it hath severall Courts, and generall
Assemblies upon appointed dayes.
Thus much for the antiquity of She-
riffes, and also of Aldermen in severall
Wards of this Citie may suffice: and
now for the name of Bayliffes, and after
that, of Maiors as followeth.
In the first yeere of King Richard the
Bailiffes of London.
the Citizens of London obtained to
bee governed by two Bailiffes, which
Bailiffes are in divers ancient dceds cal-
led Sheriffes, according to the speech of
the Law, which called the Shire Balliva,
for that they (like as the Portgraves)
used the same office of Shrivewicke, for
the which the City paid to fee-farme,
300. l. yeerely as before, since the
reigne of Henry the first, which also is
yet paid by the City into the Exchequer
untill this day.
They also obtained to have a Maior,
to bee their principall Governour and
Lieutenant of the City, as of the Kings
1189 The names of the first Bailiffes
or Officers, entring into their office
at the Feast of S. Michael the Arch-
angell, in the yeere of Christ 1189.
were named Henry Cornehill, and Ri-
chard Reynere
, Bailiffes or Sheriffes.
Their first Maior was Henry Fitz-Alwin,
Draper, appointed by the said
King, and continued Maior from the
first of Richard the first, untill the 15. of
King Iohn, which was 24. yeeres and
somewhat more.
  • 1190 The second of Richard the first,
  • Iohn Herlion,
  • Roger Duke:
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
    First Ma-
    ior of London.
  • 1191 The third Sheriffes,
  • VVilliam Haverell,
  • Iohn Buckmote:
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • 1192 The fourth,
  • Nicholas Duke,
  • Peter Newelye:
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • 1193 The fifth,
  • Roger Duke,
  • Richard Fitz-Alwin.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • 1194 The sixth,
  • VVilliam Fitz-Isabel,—
  • VVilliam Fitz-Arnold:—
    • Sheiffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1195 The seventh
  • Robert Besaunt,—
  • Ioke de Iosue:—
    • Sheriffes.
    • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
    • An. Dom. 1196 The eighth
  • Gerard de Antiloche,—
  • Robert Durant:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1197 The ninth
  • Roger Blunt,—
  • Nicholas Ducket:—
  • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1198 The tenth
  • Constantine Fitz-Arnold,—
  • Robert le Beau:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • King Iohn began his reigne the sixth of
    April 1199.
  • An. Dom. 1199 The first of King Iohn,
  • Arnold Fitz-Arnold,—
  • Richard Fitz Bartholomew:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • King Iohn granted the Sheriffe-
    wicke of London, and Middlesex, to the
    Citizens thereof, as King Henry the first
    before had done, for the summe of 300. l. yeerely. Also he gave them authori-
    ty to chuse and deprive their Sheriffs at
    their pleasure.
  • An. Dom. 1200 The second
  • Roger Dorset,—
  • Iames Bartholemew:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1201 The third
  • VValter Fitz-Alice,—
  • Simon de Aldermanbury:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1202 The fourth
  • Norman Blondel,—
  • Iohn de Ely:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1203 The fifth
  • VValter Browne,—
  • VV. Chamberlaine:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • VValter Brune, and Rosia his wife,
    founded the Hospitall of Saint Mary
    without Bishopsgate, commonly cal-
    led, Saint Mary Spittle.
  • An. Dom. 1204 The sixth
  • Thomas Haverel,—
  • Hamond Brond:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1205 The seventh
  • Iohn VValgrave,—
  • Richard de VVinchester:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1206 The eighth
  • Iohn Holyland,—
  • Edmund Fitz-Gerard:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1207 The ninth
  • Roger VVinchester,—
  • Edmund Hard Le:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Firz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1208 The tenth
  • Peter Duke,—
  • Thomas Neale:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • The King by his Letters Patents
    granted to the Citizens of London liber-
    ty and authority, yeerely to chuse them-
    selves a Maior.
  • An. Dom. 1209 The eleventh
  • Peter le Iosue,—
  • William Blound:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1210 The twelfth
  • Adam VVhitley,—
  • Stephen le Grasse:—
    • Sheriffes,
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1211. The thirteenth
  • Iohn Fitz-Peter,—
  • Iohn Garland:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • An. Dom. 1212 The foureteenth
  • Randolph Eyland,—
  • Constantine Iosue:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
  • This Henry Fitz-Alwin deceased,
    and was buried in the Parish Church of
    S. Mary Bothaw, neere to London Stone,
    where he dwelt.
  • An. Dom. 1213. The fifteenth
  • Martin Fitz-Alice,—
  • Peter Bate:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Roger Fitz-Alwin.
  • This yeere the Ditch about London
    was begun to bee made, of 204. foote
    broad, by the Londoners.
  • 1214 The sixteenth
  • Salomon Basing,—
  • Hugh Basing:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Serle, Mercer.
  • Roger Fitz-Alwin, saith Grafton.
  • 1215 The seventeenth
  • Iohn Travers,—
  • Andrew Newland:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, VVilliam Hardel.
  • King Henry the third began his
    reigne the 19. of October,
  • 1216 The first
  • Benet Seinturer,—
  • William Bluntivers:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior, Iames Alderman for part,
  • and Salomon Basing for part.
  • 1217 The second
  • Thomas Bokerel,—
  • Ralph Holyland:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Serle, Mercer,
  • Robert Serle, saith Grafton.
  • 1218 The third
  • Iohn Wayle, or Veil,—
  • Iohn le Spicer:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Robert Serle, Mercer.
  • The Forest of Middlesex, and the
    Warren of Stanes, were this yeere dis-
  • 1219 The fourth
  • Richard Wimbledon,—
  • Iohn Wayle, or Veil:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Robert Serle, Mercer.
  • 1220 The fifth
  • Richard Renger,—
  • Iohn Veil:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Robert Serle, Mercer.
  • 1221 The sixth
  • Richard Renger,—
  • Thomas Lambart:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Robert Serle, Mercer.
  • 1222 The seventh
  • Richard Renger,—
  • Thomas Lambart:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Robert Serle, Mercer.
  • Constantine Fitz-Arnulph raysed great
    troubles in this Citie, and was hanged
    with his Nephew and other.
  • 1223 The eighth
  • Iohn Travars,—
  • Andrew Bokerel:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Renger.
  • 1224 The ninth
  • Iohn Travars,—
  • Andrew Bokerel:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Renger.
  • The King granted to the Comminal-
    tie of London, to have a common Scale.
  • 1225 The tenth
  • Roger Duke,—
  • Martin Fitz-William:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Renger.
  • 1226 The eleventh
  • Roger Duke,—
  • Martin Fitz William:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Renger.
  • This yeere the King confirmed to the
    Citizens of London free Warren, or li-
    bertie to hunt a certaine circuite about
    the Citie, in the Warren of Stanes, &c.
    And also, that the Citizens of London
    should passe tol-free throughout all En-
    and that the Keddles, or Weres
    in the River of Thames, and Midway,
    should be plucked up and destroyed for
    ever, &c. Patent 11. Henry 3.
  • 1227 The twelfth
  • Stephen Bokerel,—
  • Henry Cecham:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Roger Duke.
  • The liberties and Franchises of Lon-

    were ratified, and the King granted,
    that either Sheriffe should have two
    Clerkes, and two Serjeants: also, that
    the Citizens should have a common
  • 1228 The thirteenth
  • Stephen Bokerel,—
  • Henry Cocham:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Roger Duke.
  • 1229 The foureteenth
  • William Winchester,—
  • Robert Fitz Iohn:—
    • Sheriffes
  • Maior, Roger Duke.
  • 1230 The fifteenth
  • Richard VValter,—
  • Iohn de VVoborne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Roger Duke.
  • 1231 The sixteenth
  • Michael of S. Helen,—
  • VValter de Enfield:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
  • 1232 The seventeenth
  • Henry de Edmonton,—
  • Gerard Bat:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
  • 1233 The eighteenth
  • Simon Fitz Mary,—
  • Roger Blunt:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
  • 1234 The nineteenth
  • Ralph Ashwy,—
  • Iohn Norman:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
  • 1235 The twentith
  • Gerard Bat,—
  • Richard or Robert Hardle:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
  • 1236 The one and twentith
  • Henry Cobham,—
  • Iordan of Coventry:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
  • 1237 The two and twentith
  • Iohn Toloson,—
  • Gervais the Cordwainer:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
  • 1238 The three and twentith
  • Iohn Codras,—
  • Iohn VVilhall:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Renger.
  • 1239 The foure and twentith
  • Reymond Bongy,—
  • Ralph Ashwy:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior, VVilliam Ioyner.
  • This VVilliam Ioyner, builded the
    Quire of the Gray Friers Church in Lon-
    and became a Lay brother of that
  • 1240 The five and twentieth
  • Iohn Gisors,—
  • Michael Tony:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gerard Bat.
  • This yeere Aldermen of London were
    chosen, and changed yeerely, but that
    order lasted not long. Gerard Bat was a-
    gaine elected Maior for that yeere to
    come, but the King would not admit
    him, being charged with taking mo-
    ney of the Victuallers in the precedent
  • 1241 The six and twentieth
  • Thomas Duresme,—
  • Iohn Voyle:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Reymond Bongey.
  • 1242 The seven and twentieth
  • Iohn Fitz-Iohn,—
  • Ralph Ashwy:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Reymond Bongey.
  • 1243 The eight and twentieth
  • Hugh Blunt,—
  • Adam Basing:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Ralph Ashwy.
  • 1244 The nine and twentieth
  • Ralph Foster,—
  • Nicholas Bat:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Michael Tony.
  • 1245 The thirtieth
  • Robert of Cornehil,—
  • Adam of Bewley:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Gisors Pepperer.
  • 1246 The one and thirtieth
  • Simon Fitz-Mary,—
  • Lawrence Frowicke:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Gisors.
  • Simon Fitz-Mary, founded the Hos-
    pitall of Mary, called Bethelem without
    Bishopsgate. Queene Hith was now let to
    farme to the Citizens of London.
  • 1247 The two and thirtieth
  • Iohn Voyle,—
  • Nicholas Bat:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Peter Fitz-Alwin.
  • 1248 The three and thirtieth
  • Nicholas Fitz Iosue,—
  • Geffrey VVinchester:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Michael Tony.
  • 1249 The foure and thirtie
  • Richard Hardell,—
  • Iohn Tolason:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Roger Fitz-Roger.
  • 1250 The five and thirtieth
  • Humfrey Bat,—
  • VVilliam Fitz-Richard:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
  • The King now granted, that the
    Maior should be presented to the Ba-
    rons of the Exchequer, and they should
    admit him.
  • 1251 The six and thirtieth
  • Lawrence Frowicke,—
  • Nicholas Bat:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Adam Basing.
  • 1252 The seven and thirtieth
  • VVilliam Durham,—
  • Thomas VVimborne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Tolason, Draper.
  • The Liberties of this City were sei-
    zed, and the Maior charged, that he
    looked not to the Assise of bread.
  • 1253 The eighth and thirtieth
  • Iohn Northampton,—
  • Richard Picard:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
  • 1254 The nine and thirtieth
  • Ralph Ashwy,—
  • Robert of Limon:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
  • 1255 The fortieth
  • Stephen Doe,—
  • Henry Walmond:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
  • The Maior, divers Aldermen, and
    the Sheriffes of London were deprived,
    and other placed in their roomes.
  • 1256 The one and fortieth
  • Michael Bockerell,—
  • Iohn the Minor:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
  • 1257 The two and fortieth
  • Richard Otwel,—
  • William Ashwy:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Hardell; Draper.
  • The King caused the walles of this
    Citie to bee repaired, and made with
  • 1258 The three and fortieth
  • Robert Cornhill,—
  • Iohn Adrian:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
  • 1259 The foure and fortieth
  • Iohn Adrian,—
  • Robert Cornhill:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
  • 1260 The five and fortieth
  • Adam Browning,—
  • Henry Coventrie:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, William Fitz-Richard.
  • 1261 The six and fortieth
  • Iohn Northhampton,—
  • Richard Picard:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, William Fitz-Richard.
  • 1262 The seven and fortieth
  • Iohn Tailor—
  • Richard Walbrooke:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Thomas Fitz-Richard.
  • 1263 The eight and fortieth
  • Robert de Mountpiter,—
  • Osbert de Suffolke:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Thomas Fitz-Richard.
  • The Citizens of London fortified the
    Citie with iron Chaines, drawn rhwart
    over their streets.
  • 1264 The nine and fortieth
  • Gregory Rockesley,—
  • Thomas de Detford:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Thomas Fitz-Thomas Fitz-Ri-
  • 1265 The fiftieth
  • Edward Blund,—
  • Peter Anger:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Thomas Fitz-Thomas Fitz-Richard.
  • The Chaines and Posts in London
    were plucked up, the Maior and prin-
    cipall Citizens committed to Ward,
    and Otho Constable of the Tower, was
    made Custos of the Citie, &c.
  • 1266 The one and fiftieth
  • Iohn Hind,—
  • Iohn Walraven:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, William Richards.
  • The Earle of Gloucester entred the
    Citie with an Army, and therein buil-
    ded Bulwarkes, cast Trenches, &c.
  • 1267 The two and fiftieth
  • Iohn Adrian,—
  • Lucas de Batencourt:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Alen de la Souch.
  • This Alen de la Souch, being a Baron
    of this Realme, and also chiefe Iustice,
    was in the yeere 1270. slaine in West-

    Hall, by Iohn warren Earle of
  • Thomas Fitz-Theobald, and Agnes his
    wife, this yeere founded the Hospitall
    of Saint Thomas of Acon in Westcheape.
  • 1268 The three and fiftieth▪
  • Walter Harvy,—
  • William Duresme:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • T. Wimborn; Custos, Sir Stephen Ed-
  • A variance fell in London betweene
    the Goldsmiths and the Taylors, wher-
    through many men were slaine.
  • 1269 The foure and fiftieth
  • Thomas Basing,—
  • Robert Cornehill:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Hugh Fitz-Ottonis, Custos of London,
    and Constable of the Tower.
  • 1270 The five and fiftieth
  • Walter Potter,—
  • Philip Tailor:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Adrian Vintner.
  • 1271 The six and fiftieth
  • Gregory Rokesly,—
  • Henry Walleys:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Adrian Vintner.
  • The steeple of Bow Church in Cheape
    fell downe, and slew many people.
  • 1272 The seven and fiftieth
  • Richard Paris,—
  • Iohn de Wodeley:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Walter Harvy, Custos, H.
    , Pepperer, for part that yeere.
  • King Edward the first beganne his
    reigne the sixteenth of No-
    vember, 1272.
  • 1273 The first
  • Iohn Horne,—
  • Walter Potter:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Walter Harvy, Knight.
  • 1274 The second
  • Nicholas Winchester,—
  • Henry Coventry:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Walleis.
  • 1275 The third
  • Lucas Batencourte,—
  • Henry Frowicke:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Gregory Rokesley; chiefe Say-
    master of all the Kings Mints through-
    out all England, and keeper of the Kings
    Exchange at London.
  • 1276 The fourth
  • Iohn Horne,—
  • Ralph Blunt:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
  • 1277 The fifth
  • Robert de Arar,—
  • Ralph L. Fewre:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
  • 1278 The sixth
  • Iohn Adrian,—
  • Walter Langley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
  • 1279 The seventh
  • Robert Basing,—
  • William le Meyre:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
  • 1280 The eighth
  • Thomas Fox, or Box,—
  • Ralph Delamere, or Moore:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
  • 1281 The ninth
  • William Farendon,—
  • Nicholas Winchester:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gregory Rakesley.
  • This William Farendon, Goldsmith,
    one of the Sheriffes was Father to Ni-
    cholas Farendon
    : Of these two Faringden
    Ward tooke that name.
  • 1282 The tenth
  • W. le Meyre,—
  • Richard Chigwel:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Walleis.
  • This Henry Walleis builded the Tun
    upon Cornehill, to bee a Prison, and the
    Stockes to be a Market-house.
  • 1283 The eleventh
  • Ralph Blunt,—
  • Ankerin de Betavil, or Haw-
    kin Betuell:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior, Henry Walleis.
  • 1284. The twelfth
  • Iordan Goodcheape,—
  • Martin Box:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Walleis.
  • Lawrence Ducket, Goldsmith, mur-
    dered in Bow-Church, and the murthe-
    rers hanged.
  • 1285 The thirteenth
  • Stephen Cornehill,—
  • Roberts Rokesley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Gregory Rokesley;
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch, and
    Iohn Briton.
  • It was ordained, that Millers should
    have but one halfe-penny for a quarter
    of Wheat grinding: and the great water
    Conduit in Cheape was now begun to be
  • 1286 The foureteenth
  • Walter Blunt,—
  • Iohn Wade:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
  • Wheate was now sold at London for
    sixteene pence, and for twelve pence
    the quarter.
  • 1287 The fifteenth
  • Thomas Crosse,—
  • Walter Hawteyne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
  • 1288 The sixteenth
  • W. Hereford,—
  • Thomas Stanes:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
  • 1289 The seventeenth
  • W. Betaine,—
  • Iohn of Canturbury:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch, Ralph Barna-
    vars, and Sir Iohn Briton.
  • This yeere a Subsidie was granted,
    for the reparations of London-bridge.
  • 1290 The eighteenth
  • Fulke of S. Edmond,—
  • Salomon Langford, or Le Se-
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Briton, Knight.
  • 1291 The nineteenth
  • Thomas Romain,—
  • W. de Leyre:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Briton, Knight,
    Ralph Sandwitch.
  • 1292 The twentieth
  • Ralph blunt,—
  • Hamond Box:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
  • 1293 The one and twentieth
  • Henry Bell, or Bole,—
  • Elias Russell:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
  • Three men had their right hands cut
    off at the Standard in Cheape, for rescu-
    ing of a prisoner, arrested by a Sergeant
    of London.
  • 1294 The two and twentieth
  • Robert Rokesley the yonger,
  • Martin Aubery, or Amers-
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
  • 1295 The three and twentieth
  • Henry Box,—
  • Richard Gloucester:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Ralph Sandwitch.
  • 1296 The foure and twentieth
  • Iohn Dunstable,—
  • Adam de Halingbery:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Briton.
  • This yeere all the Liberties of the Ci-
    ty were restored, the Mairalty excepted.
  • 1297 The five and twentieth
  • Thomas of Suffolke,—
  • Adam of Fulham:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Briton.
  • 1298 The six and twentith
  • Richard Refham,—
  • Thomas Sely:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Walleis.
  • Certaine Citizens of London brake up
    the Tunne upon Cornehill, and tooke out
    prisoners, for the which they were grie-
    vously punished.
  • 1299 The seven and twentieth
  • Iohn Armenter,—
  • Henry Fingene, or Fingrith:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Elias Russell.
  • 1300 The eighth and twentieth
  • Lucas de Havering,—
  • Richard Champnes:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Elias Russell.
  • 1301 The nine and twentieth
  • Robert Callor, or Callet,—
  • Peter de Besenho:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt, Knight.
  • 1302 The thirtieth
  • Hugh Pourte,—
  • Simon Paris:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
  • 1303 The one and thirtieth
  • W. Combmartin,—
  • Iohn de Burford:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
  • 1304 The two and thirtieth
  • Roger Paris,—
  • Iohn de Lincolne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
  • Geffrey Hertelepole, Alderman, was
    elected to bee Recorder of London, and
    tooke his oath, and was appointed to
    weare his apparell as an Alderman.
  • 1305 The three and thirtieth
  • William Cawson,—
  • Reginald Thunderley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
  • 1306 The foure and thirtieth
  • Geffrey at the Conduit,—
  • Simon Billet:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
  • Seacoale was forbidden to bee bur-
    ned in London, Southwarke, &c.
  • Edward the second began his reigne the
    seventh of Iuly, the yeere of Christ,
    Anno, 1307.
  • 1307 The first
  • Nicholas Pigot,—
  • Nigellus Drury:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
  • 1308 The second▪
  • W. Basing,—
  • Iames Butteler:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Nicholas Faringdon, Goldsmith.
  • 1309 The third
  • Roger le Palmer,—
  • Iames of S. Edmond:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Thomas Romaine.
  • 1310 The fourth
  • Simon Cooper,—
  • Peter Blackney:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Richard Reffam, Mercer.
  • The King commanded the Maior and
    communaltie to make the Wall of Lon-
    from Ludgate to Fleetbridge, and
    from thence to the Thames.
  • 1311 The fifth
  • Simon Metwod,—
  • Richard Wilford:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
  • Order was taken that Merchant-strangers
    should sell their wares within
    forty dayes after their arrivall, or else
    the same to be forfeited.
  • 1312 The sixth
  • Iohn Lambin,—
  • Adam Lutkin:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
  • 1313 The seventh
  • Robert Gurden, or Burdeint,
  • Hugh Garton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Faringdon, Goldsmith.
  • Prices set on victuals: a fat stalled
    Oxe, 24. shillings, a fat Mutton, 20.
    pence, a fat Goose, two pence halfe pen-
    ny, a fat Capon, two pence; a fat Hen,
    one penny; two Chickens, one penny;
    three Pigeons, one penny; 24. egges
    one penny, &c.
  • 1314 The eighth
  • Stephen Abingdon,—
  • Hamond Chickwell, or Chig-
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
  • Famine and mortality of people, so
    that the quicke might unneath bury the
    dead, horse flesh, and dogs flesh was
    good meate.
  • 1315 The ninth
  • Hamond Goodchape,—
  • William Bodeleigh:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Stephen de Abingdon.
  • 1316 The tenth
  • William Caston,—
  • Ralph Balancer:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Wingrave.
  • An earely Harvest: a Bushell of
    Wheate that had beene sold for tenne
    shillings, was now sold for tenne pence,
  • 1317 The eleventh
  • Iohn Prior,—
  • W. Furneux, or Furneis:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Wingrave.
  • Such a murren of Kine, that Dogs
    and Ravens that sed on them were poi-
  • 1318 The twelfth
  • Iohn Pointell,—
  • Iohn Dalling:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Wingrave.
  • 1319 The thirteenth
  • Simon de Abingdon,—
  • I. Preston:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
  • Iohn Gisors, late Maior of London, and
    many other Citizens fled the City, for
    things layd to their charge.
  • 1320 The foureteenth
  • Renauld at the Conduit,—
  • W. Prodham, or Produn:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Farengdon, Goldsmith.
  • 1321 The fifteenth
  • Richard Constantine,—
  • Richard de Hackney:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
  • 1222 The sixteenth
  • Iohn Grantham,—
  • Richard de Ely:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
  • Fish and Flesh market established at
    the Stockes, in the midst of the Citie.
  • 1323 The seventeenth
  • Adam of Salisbury,—
  • Iohn of Oxford:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Farengdon, Goldsmith.
  • Of this Nicholas Farengdon, and of
    William Farengdon his father, read more
    in Farengdon Ward.
  • 1324 The eighteenth
  • Benet of Fulham,—
  • Iohn Cawson:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
  • 1325 The nineteenth
  • Gilbert Mordon,—
  • Iohn Causton, or Cotton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
  • The Citizens of London tooke the
    Bishop of Excester, and cut off his head
    at the Standard in Cheape.
  • 1326 The twentieth
  • Richard Rothing,—
  • Roger Chaunteclere:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Richard Britaine, Goldsmith.
  • This Richard Rothing is said to new
    build the Parish Church of S. Iames at
  • Edward the third began his reigne the
    25. of Ianuary, the yeere of Christ,
    Anno, 1326.
  • This King Edward granted, that the
    Maior should be Iustice for the Gaole
    delivery at Newgate, that the Citizens
    of London should not be constrained to
    go out of the City of London to any
    Warre. More hee granted, that the Li-
    berties & Franchises of the City should
    not, after this time (for any cause) bee
    taken into the Kings hands, &c. More
    he granted by his Letters Patents, dated
    the sixth of March, that no Escheter
    should bee in the Citie, but the Maior
    for his time only.
  • 1327 The first
  • Henry Darcy,—
  • Iohn Hawton, or Haughton:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
  • This yeere the Walls of London were repayred.
  • 1328 The second
  • Simon Frances,—
  • Henry Combmartin:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Grantham, Grocer.
  • 1329 The third
  • Richard Lazar,
  • William Gisors:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Swandland.
  • This yeere the King kept a great Iou-
    sting in Cheape, betwixt Sopars-lane and
    the great Crosse.
  • 1330 The fourth
  • Robert of Elie,—
  • Thomas Whorwode:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Pountney, or
    Pultney, Draper.
  • 1331 The fifth
  • Iohn Mocking,—
  • Andrew Aubery:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Pultney, Draper.
  • 1332 The sixth
  • Nicholas Pike,—
  • Iohn Husband:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Iohn Preston, Draper,
  • This yeere was founded Elsing Spittle,
    by W. Elsing, Mercer, that became first
    Prior of that Hospitall.
  • 1333 The seventh
  • Iohn Hamond,—
  • William Hansard:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Puleney, Drapes.
  • 1334 The eighth
  • Iohn Kingstone, or Kington,
  • Walter Turke:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Reginald at the Conduit,
  • 1335 The ninth
  • Walter Mordon,—
  • Richard Vpton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Wotton, Reignold at the
    Conduit, saith Grafton.
  • 1336 The tenth
  • Iohn Clarke,—
  • W. Curtes:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Pultney, Draper.
  • This Sir Iohn Pultney founded a Col-
    ledge in the Parish Church of S. Law-
    rence Pountney
    , by Candlewicke streete.
  • 1337 The eleventh
  • Walter Neale,—
  • Nicholas Crane:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Darcy.
  • Walter Neale, Bladesmith, gave lands
    to the repairing of the high-wayes a-
    bout London.
  • 1338 The twelfth
  • William de Pomfret,—
  • Hugh Marbeler, or Marbe-
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Darcy.
  • The King granted, that the Sergeants
    of the Maior and Sheriffes of London,
    should beare Maces of Silver and gilt,
    with the Kings Armes engraven on
  • 1339 The thirteenth
  • William Thorney,—
  • Roger Frosham:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Andrew Aubery, Grocer,
  • 1340 The foureteenth
  • Adam Lucas,—
  • Bartlemew Moris:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Aubery, Grocer.
  • 1341 The fifteenth
  • Richard de Barking,—
  • Iohn de Rokesley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn of Oxenford, Vintner.
  • 1342 The sixteenth
  • Iohn Loufkin,—
  • Richard Killingbery:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Simon Francis, Mercer.
  • The price of Gascoyn Wines at Lon-
    fourepence, and Renish Wine six
    pence the Galon.
  • 1343 The seventeenth
  • Iohn Steward,—
  • Iohn Aylesham:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Hamond.
  • 1344 The eighteenth
  • Geffrey Witchingham,—
  • Thomas Leg:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Hamond.
  • 1345 The ninteenth
  • Edmund Hemenhall,—
  • Iohn of Gloucester:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Leget, Richard Lazar
    faith Grofton.
  • 1346 The twentieth
  • Iohn Croyden,—
  • William Clopton:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Geffrey Witchingham.
  • 1347 The one and twentieth
  • Adam Brapson,—
  • Richard Fas, or Bas:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Thomas Leggy, Skinner.
  • King Edward now won Callis from
    the French.
  • 1348 The two and twentieth
  • Henry Picard,—
  • Simon Dolseby:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Loufkin Fishmonger.
  • A great Pest. Sir Walter Manny,
    knight, now founded the Charter-house
    by Smithfield, to bee a buriall for the
  • 1349 The three and twentieth
  • Adam of Bury,—
  • Ralph of Lynne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Walter Turke, Fishmonger.
  • 1350 The foure and twentieth
  • Iohn Notte,—
  • William of Worcester:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Richard Killingbury.
  • 1351 The five and twentieth
  • Iohn Wroth,—
  • Gilbert of Stenineshorp:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Andrew Aubery.
  • 1352 The six and twentieth
  • Iohn Peache,—
  • Iohn Stotley:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior, Adam Francis, Mercer.
  • This Maior procured an Act of Par-
    liament, that no knowne whore should
    weare any hood, or attire on her head,
    except reyed, or striped cloth of divers
    colours, &c.
  • 1353 The seven and twentieth
  • William Wolde, or Wilde,—
  • Iohn Little:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Adam Francis, Mercer.
  • This Adam Francis was one of the
    Founders of the Colledge in Guild-Hal
    Chappell, &c. H. Prowicke was the o-
  • 1354 The eight and twentieth
  • William Notingham,—
  • Richard Smelt:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Thomas Leggy, or Legget Skin-
  • Aldermen of London were used to be
    changed yeerely, but now it was ordai-
    ned, that they should not be removed,
    without some speciall cause.
  • 1355 The nine and twentieth
  • Walter, or Thomas Forster,
  • Thomas Brandon:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Simon Francis, Mercer.
  • 1356 The thirtieth
  • Richard Notingham,—
  • Thomas Dolssel:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Henry Picard, Vintner.
  • This Henry Picard feasted the Kings
    of England, of France, Cypres, and Scots,
    with other great Estates, all in one
  • 1357 The one and thirtieth
  • Stephen Candish,—
  • Bartholmew Prostling:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Stody, Vintner.
  • This Iohn Stody gave tenements to
    the Vintners in London, for reliefe of the
    poore of that Company.
  • 1358 The two and thirtieth
  • Iohn Barnes,—
  • Iohn Buris:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Loufkin, Stockfishmon-
  • 1359 The three and thirtieth
  • Simon of Benington,—
  • Iohn of Chichester:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Simou Dolseby, Grocer.
  • 1360 The foure and thirtieth
  • Iohn Dennis,—
  • Walter Berny:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Wroth, Fishmonger.
  • 1361 The five and thirtieth
  • William Holbech,—
  • Iames Tame:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Peche, Fishmonger.
  • 1362 The six and thirtieth
  • Iohn of S. Albones,—
  • Iames Andrew:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Stephen Candish, Draper.
  • 1363 The seven and thirtieth
  • Richard of Croyen,—
  • Iohn Hiltoft:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Not, Grocer.
  • 1364 The three and fortieth
  • Iohn de Metford,—
  • Simon de Mordon:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Adam of Bury, Skinner.
  • 1365 The nine and thirtieth
  • Iohn Bukylsworth,—
  • Iohn or Thomas Ireland:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Loufkin, Fishmonger, and
    Adam of Bury, Skinner.
  • 1366 The fortieth
  • Iohn Ward,—
  • Thomas of Lee, or at the
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Loufkin, Fishmonger.
  • This Iohn Loufkin builded the Parish
    Church of S. Michael in Crooked-lane.
  • 1367 The one and fortieth
  • Iohn Turngold, or Torgold,—
  • William Dickeman:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iames Andrew, Draper.
  • 1368 The two and fortieth
  • Robert Girdeler,—
  • Adam Wimondham:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior Simon Mordon, Stockfish-
  • This yeere Wheat was sold for two
    shillings six pence the bushell.
  • 1369 The three and fortieth
  • Iohn Piel,—
  • Hugh Holdich:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Chichester, Goldsmith.
  • 1370 The foure and fortieth
  • William Walworth,—
  • Robert Gayton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Barnes, Mercer.
  • 1371 The five and fortieth
  • Adam Staple,—
  • Robert Hatfield:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Barnes, Mercer.
  • This Iohn Barnes gave a chest with
    three locks, and one thousand Markes,
    to be lent to poore men.
  • 1372 The six and fortieth
  • Iohn Philpot,—
  • Nicholas Brembar:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Piel, Mercer.
  • 1373 The seven and fortieth
  • Iohn Aubery,—
  • Iohn Fished:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Adam of Bury, Skinner.
  • 1374 The eight and fortieth
  • Richard Lions,—
  • William Woodhouse:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, William Walworth, Fish-
  • 1375 The nine and fortieth
  • Iohn Hadley,—
  • William Newport:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Ward, Grocer.
  • 1376 The fiftieth
  • Iohn Northampton,—
  • Robert Laund:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior, Adam Staple, Mercer.
  • The Londoners meant to have slaine
    Iohn, Duke of Lancaster: Adam Staple,
    Maior, put downe, and Nicholas Brem-

    elected. Also the Aldermen were
    deposed and other set in their places.
  • Richard the second began his reigne the
    one and twentieth of Iune, in
    the yeere 1377.
  • 1377 The first
  • Nicholas Twiford,—
  • Andrew Pikeman:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Gro-
  • Iohn Philpot, a Citizen of London,
    sent Ships to the Sea and scoured it of
    Pirats, taking many of them prisoners.
  • 1378 The second
  • Iohn Boseham,—
  • Thomas Cornwalis:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Philpot, Grocer.
  • This Iohn Philpot gave to the City
    lands, for the finding of thirteen poore
    people for ever.
  • 1379 The third
  • Iohn Helisdon,—
  • William Barrat:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Hadley, Grocer.
  • 1380 The fourth
  • Walter Doget, or Docket,—
  • William Knighthode:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, William Walworth, Fishmon-
  • This William walworth arrested Wat
    , the Rebell, and this yeere was
    Knighted. Hee increased the Parish
    Church of Saint Michael in Crooked-lane,
    and founded there a Colledge. O-
    ther Aldermen were also then Knigh-
    ted with him, for their service in the
  • 1381 The fifth
  • Iohn Rota,—
  • Iohn Hynde:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Northampton, Draper.
  • 1382 The sixth
  • Adam Bamme,—
  • Iohn Sely:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Northampton, Draper, or
    rather Skinner, as I find in some Record.
  • 1383 The seventh
  • Simon Winchcombe,—
  • Iohn More:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Grocer.
  • Iohn Northampton, late Maior of Lon-
    was committed to perpetuall pri-
    son and his goods confiscated.
  • 1384 The eighth
  • Nicholas Exton,—
  • Iohn French:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Grocer,
    Knighted with William Walworth.
  • 1385 The ninth
  • Iohn Organ,—
  • Iohn Churchman:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Grocer.
  • The foresaid Iohn Churchman now
    builded the Custome-house, neere to
    the Tower of London, and did many o-
    ther workes for the commodity of this
  • 1386 The tenth
  • W. Stondon,—
  • W. More:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Exton, Fishmonger.
  • This yeere the Citizens of London,
    fearing the French, pulled downe hou-
    ses neere about their Citie, repaired
    their Wals, and cleansed their dit-
    ches, &c.
  • 1387 The eleventh
  • William Venor, or Vinor,—
  • Hugh Falstalfe:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Exton, Fishmonger.
  • Sir Nicholas Brembar, late Maior of
    London was this yeere beheaded.
  • 1388 The twelfth
  • Thomas Austen,—
  • Adam Carlehul:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Twiford, Goldsmith,
    Knighted with William Walworth.
  • 1389 The thirteenth
  • Iohn Walcot,—
  • Iohn Love:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Vinor, or Venour,
  • 1390 The fourteenth
  • Iohn Francis,—
  • Thomas Vivent:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Adam Bamme, Goldsmith.
  • This Adam Bamme provided from
    beyond the Seas, Corne in great abun-
    dance, so that the City was well able to
    serve the Countrey.
  • 1391 The fifteenth
  • Iohn Shadworth, or Chad-
    worth, —
  • Henry Vamere:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior, Iohn Hind, Draper.
  • This Maior was, for displeasure ta-
    ken, sent to Windsor Castle, and the
    King made a Custos or Warden of the
  • 1392 The sixteenth
  • Gilbert Mafield,—
  • Thomas Newington:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, William Stondon, Grocer.
  • 1393 The seventeenth
  • Drew Barentin,—
  • Richard Whitington:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Hardley, Grocer.
  • Faringdon Ward was now by Parlia-
    ment appointed to bee divided into
    two Wards, to wit, infra, & extra.
  • 1394 The eighteenth
  • William Bramston,—
  • Thomas Knoles:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Froyshe, Mercer.
  • 1395 The nineteenth
  • Roger Ellis,—
  • William Sevenoke:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William More, Vintner.
  • 1396 The twentieth
  • Thomas Wilford,—
  • William Parker:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Adam Browne, Goldsmith.
  • 1397 The one and twentieth
  • Iohn Woodcocke,—
  • William Ascham:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Richard Whitington, Mer-
  • 1398 The two and twentieth

Temporall Government.
  • Iohn Wade,—
  • Iohn Warnar:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Drew Barentin, Goldsmith.
  • King Henry the fourth began his
    reigne the twentie ninth of
    September, in the
    yeere, 1399.
  • 1399 The first
  • William Waldern,—
  • William Hende or Hide:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Thomas Knoles, Grocer.
  • 1400 The second
  • Iohn Wakel,—
  • William Ebot:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Francis, Goldsmith.
  • 1401 The third
  • William Venor,—
  • Iohn Fremingham:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Shadworth, or Chad-
    worth, Mercer.
  • The Conduit upon Cornehill was this
    yeere made, being before an old prison
    house, called the Tunne.
  • 1403 The fourth
  • Richard Marlow,—
  • Robert Chicheley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Walcote, Draper.
  • 1403 The fifth
  • Thomas Falconer,—
  • Thomas Poole:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Ascham, Fish-monger,
  • 1404 The sixth
  • William Louth,—
  • Stephen Spilman:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Iohn Hind, Draper.
  • This Iohn Hynd was a new builder of
    the Parish of Saint Swithen, by Lon-
  • 1405 The seventh
  • Henry Barton,—
  • William Cromer:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Woodcocke, Mercer.
  • This Maior caused all the Weres in
    the River of Thames, from Stanes to
    the River of Medwey, to bee destroyed,
    and the Trinkes to be burned, &c.
  • 1406 The eighth
  • Nicholas Wotton,—
  • Geffrey Brooke:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Richard Whitington, Mer-
  • This yeere a great Pestilence in Lon-

    tooke away more than 30000.
  • 1407 The ninth
  • Henry Pontfract,—
  • Henry Halton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Stondon, Grocer.
  • 1408 The tenth
  • Thomas Ducke,—
  • William Norton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Drew Barentine, Gold-
  • This Drew Barentine builded a part
    of Goldsmiths Hall, and gave them
  • 1409 The eleveth
  • Iohn Law,—
  • William Chichley:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Richard Marlow, Ironmon-
  • A great play at Skinners well, which
    lasted eight dayes, and was of mat-
    ter from the creation of the World:
    the most part of all the great Estates of
    England were there to behold it.
  • 1410 The twelfth
  • Iohn Penne,—
  • Thomas Pike:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Thomas Knowles, Gro-
  • This Thomas Knowles began a new
    to build the Guild-Hall in London, &c.
  • 1411 The thirteeth
  • Iohn Rainwell,—
  • William Cotton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Robert Chichley, Grocer.
  • 1412 The foureteenth
  • Ralph Lovenham,—
  • William Sevenoke:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, William Waldren, Mercer.
  • Henry the fifth beganne his reigne the
    twentieth of March, the
    yeere 1412.
  • 1413 The first
  • Iohn Sutton,—
  • Iohn Michaell:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Cromar, Draper.
  • Sir Iohn Oldcastle assembled a great
    power in Fickets field in London, which
    power was overcome and taken by the
    King and his power.
  • 1414 The second
  • Iohn Michaell,—
  • Thomas Alen:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Falconer, Mercer.
  • This Maior caused the Posterne cal-
    led Moregate to be builded, and he lent
    to the King 10000. markes upon Iew-
    els, &c.
  • 1415 The third
  • William Cambridge,—
  • Allen Everard,—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Nicholas Wotton, Dra-
  • 1416 The fourth
  • Robert Whitigton, or Wi-
  • Iohn Coventrie:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Henry Barton, Skinner.
  • This Henry Barton ordained Lan-
    thornes with Lights, to bee hanged
    out on the Winter evenings, betwixt
    Hallontide and Candlemasse.
  • 1417 The fifth
  • Henry Read,—
  • Iohn Gedney:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Richard Marlow, Iron-
  • 1418 The sixth
  • Iohn Brian,—
  • Ralph Barton,—
  • Iohn Paruesse:
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, VVilliam Sevenoke.
  • This Willam Sevenoke, sonne to Wil-
    liam Rumsched
    of Sevenoke in Kent, was
    by his Father bound an apprentice with
    Hugh de Bois a Citizen and Ferrer of
    London, for a tearme of yeares, which
    being expired in the yeere 1394. the
    eighteenth of Richard the second, Iohn
    being Maior of London, and Ste-
    phen Spilman
    , Chamberlaine of the
    Guild-Hall: hee alledged, that his ma-
    ster had used the trade or mystery of a
    Grocer, and not of a Ferrer, and there-
    fore required to bee made free of the
    Grocers Company, which was granted.
    This William Sevenoke, founded in the
    towne of Sevenoke in Kent, a free.
    Schoole, and Almes-houses for the
  • 1419 The seventh
  • Robert Whitington,—
  • Iohn Butler:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Richard Whitington, Mer-
  • This Maior founded Whitington Col-
  • 1420 The eighth
  • Iohn Butler,—
  • Iohn Welles:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, William Cambridge, Grocer.
  • 1421 The ninth
  • Richard Gosseline,—
  • William Weston:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Robert Chichley, Grocer.
  • This Maior gave one plot of ground
    thereunto, to build the Parish
    Church of Saint Stephen upon Wal-
  • Henry the sixth began his reigne the one
    and thirtieth day of August, in
    the yeere, 1422.
  • 1422 The first
  • William Eastfield,
    Newgate this yeere builded by the Execu-
    tours of Richard Whitington.
  • Robert Tatarsal:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Walderne, Mercer,
    sonne of Geffrey Walderne, of the Pa-
    rish of Walderne in Sussex.
  • 1423 The second
  • Nicholas Iames,—
  • Thomas Watford, or Wind-ford:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, William Cromar, Draper,
    sonne of
    Iohn Cromar of Aldernham in
  • 1424 The third
  • Simon Seman,—
  • Iohn Bywater:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Michell, Stockfishmon-
    ger, sonne of Iohn Michell of Ekeling-

    in Suffolke.
  • 1425 The fourth
  • William Milred, or Milreth,
  • Iohn Brokle:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Coventrie, Mercer;
    sonne of William Coventrie, of the City
    of Coventrie in Warwick-shire.
  • 1426 The fifth
  • Iohn Arnold,—
  • Iohn Higham:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Three Wards in London discharged from Fif-
    teenes by this Maior.
    Sir Iohn Rainewell, Fishmon-
    ger, sonne of Robert Rainewell, Citizen,
    and Haberdasher of London.
  • 1427 The sixth
  • Henry Frowick,—
  • Robert Otely.—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Gedney, Draper,
    sonne of William Gedney, of Saint Edes,
    in Cambridge-shire.
  • 1428 The seventh
  • Thomas Duffhouse, or Defe-house,—
  • Iohn Abbot:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Henry Barton, Skinner,
    sonne of Henry Barton, of Myldenhall in
  • 1429 The eighth
  • William Russe,—
  • Ralph Holland:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William East-field, Mer-
    cer, sonne of William East field, of Tickel
    in Yorkeshire. Ralph Holland the She-
    riffe gave to impotent poor on hun-
    dred and twenty pounds, to prisoners
    fourescore pounds, to hospitals fortie
    pounds, &c.
  • 1430 The ninth
  • Walter Chertsey,
    A Charita-
    ble She-
  • Robert Large:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Nicholas Wotton, Draper, sonne
    of Thomas Wotton of London, Gentle-
    man. Walter Chertsey, Draper, gave to
    the poore, one hundred pounds, beside
    twentie pounds, to the Hospitals, &c.
  • 1431 The tenth
  • Iohn Aderley,—
  • Stephen Browne:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    He builded the Stan-
    dard in Cheape-
    Sir Iohn de Welles, Grocer,
    sonne of Iohn de Welles, of the City of
    Norwich. This Iohn de Welles was a great
    benefactor towards the new building of
    the Chappell by the Guild-hall: besides
    he builded the South Ile of the Quire

    Temporall Government.

    at Saint Antlins Church, as by his pi-
    cture, (strangely there found) his Motto
    and Armes doth yet plainely appeare.
  • 1432 The eleventh
  • Iohn Olney,—
  • Iohn Paddesley:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Parveis, Fishmon-
    ger, sonne to Iohn Parveis of Ersgeston
    in Barkeshire.
  • 1433 The twelfth
  • Thomas Chalton,—
  • Iohn King:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Brokle, Draper.
    sonne to
    William Brokle, of Newport Pan-
    nel in Buckinghamshire.
  • 1434 The thirteenth
  • Thomas Barnewell,—
  • Simon Eyre:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    A great Frost of 14. weekes long.
    Sir Roger Oteley, Grocer,
    sonne to VVilliam Oteley of Vfford in
  • 1435 The fourteenth
  • Thomas Catworth,—
  • Robert Clopton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Henry Frowicke, Mercer,
    sonne to Henry Frowicke of Middlesex.
  • 1436 The fifteenth
  • Thomas Morsted,—
  • William Gregorie:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior againe, Sir Iohn Michell, Stock-
  • 1437 The sixteenth
  • William Hales,—
  • William Chapman:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior againe,
    This Maior a great benefactor to the water Conduits.
    Sir William Easfield,
    and then made a Knight of the Bath.
  • 1438 The seventeenth
  • Hugh Dyker,—
  • Nicholas Yowe:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    A great dearth Bread made of Fitches, Pease, Beanes, & Fearne rootes.
    Sir Stephen Brown, Grocer, son
    to Iohn Browne of Newcastle upon Time.
    Wheat was then sold for three shillings
    the Bushell; but this Maior sent into
    Prusia, and caused to bee brought from
    thence, certaine Ships laden with Rie,
    which caused great reliefe in so ex-
    treame a necessity.
  • 1439 The eighteenth
  • Philip Malpas,—
  • Robert Marshall:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior, Robert Large, Mercer, sonne
    of Thomas Large, Borne in London. Phi-
    lip Malpas
    , at his decease, gave one hun-
    dred and twentie pounds to poore Pri-
    soners: and every yeere, for five yeere,
    foure hundred and three shirts and
    Bountifull Charity.
    fortie paire of sheets, and
    one hundred and fiftie gownes of good
    frize, to poore people. To poore maids
    marriages, one hundred markes. To re-
    pairing high wayes, one hundred
    markes: And to five hundred poore
    people in London, every one six shillings
    eight pence, &c.
  • 1440 The nineteenth
  • Iohn Sutton,—
  • William Welinhale:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Hee was master of the money in the Tower of London.
    Sir Iohn Paddesley, Goldsmith,
    sonne to Simon Paddesley, of Bury Saint
    Edmond in Suffolke.
  • 1441 The twentieth
  • William Combis, or Combes,
  • Richard Rich:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Robert Clopton, Draper, sonne
    Thomas Clopton, of Clopton in Cam-
    bridge shire.
  • 1442 The one and twentieth
  • Thomas Beaumont,—
  • Richard Nordon:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Alderley, Ironmonger,
    sonne of Iohn Aderley or Hatherley, of
    the City of Bristoll.
  • 1443 The two and twentieth
  • Nicholas Wyfold,—
  • Iohn Norman:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Thomas Catworth, Grocer,
    sonne of Iohn Catworth of Rushton in
  • 1444 The three and twentieth
  • Stephen Foster,—
  • Hugh Witch:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Pauls Stee-
    ple was fi-
    red with lightening and hardly quenched.
    againe Sir Henry Frowicke, son
    to Henry Frowicke of Totenham in Mid-
    dlesex Gounty
  • 1445 The foure and twentieth
  • Iohn Darby,—
  • Godfrey Fielding:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior, Sir Simon Eyre, Draper, sonne
    to Iohn Eyre, of Brandon in Suffolke.
    This Simon Eyre builded Leaden Hall
    in London, to be a Common Carner for
    the Citie.
  • 1446 The five and twentieth
  • Robert Horne,—
  • Godfrey Bullen:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Olney, Mercer, sonne of
    of Iohn Olney of the City of Coven-
  • 1447 The six and twentieth
  • William Abraham,—
  • Thomas Scot:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior againe, Sir Iohn Gedney, Dra-
  • 1448 The seven and twentieth
  • William Cotlow, or Catlow,—
  • William Marrow:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior againe, Sir Stephen Browne,
  • 1449 The eight and twentieth
  • William Hulin,—
  • Thomas Canning:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This yeere was the re-
    bellion of Iack Cade of Kent, & his entring into this Citie.
    Sir Thomas Chalton
    sonne to Thomas Chalton of Dunstable in Bedfordshire.
  • 1450 The nine and twentieth.
  • Iohn Middleton—
  • William Deare:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Nicholas Wilford, but more
    truely Wyfold, Grocer, sonne to Thomas
    of Hertley in Barkeshire.
  • 1451 The thirtieth
  • Mathew Philip,—
  • Christopher Wharton:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Gregory, Skinner,
    sonne of Roger Gregory of Milden-hall
    in Suffolke.
  • 1452 The one and thirtieth
  • Richard Zee,—
  • Richard Alley:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior,
    A great Fray was this yeere at the westling.
    Sir Geffrey Fielding, Mercer,
    sonne to William Fielding of Litterworth
    in Leicestershire. This Lord Maior was
    made of the Councell to King Henry
    the sixth and King Edward the fourth.
  • 1453 The two and thirtieth
  • Iohn Walden, or Waldron,—
  • Thomas Cooke:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The Alder-
    men (be-
    fore) rode by land on hourseback to West-
    minster early.
    Sir Iohn Norman, Draper, son
    to Io. Norman of Banbury in Oxfordshire.
    This I. Norman was the first Maior that
    was rowed by water to Westminster, to
    take his Oath: he caused a Barge to be
    made at his owne charge, and every
    Company had severall Barges, well
    decked & trimmed, to passe along with
    him. For joy whereof, the Water-
    men made a Song in his prayse begin-
  • Row thy Boate, Norman, &c.
  • 1454 The three and thirtieth
  • Iohn Field,—
  • William Taylor:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Stephen Foster, Fishmon-
    ger, sonne of Robert Foster of London,
    Stock-fishmonger. This man enlar-
    ged Ludgate, for ease of the prisoners
  • 1455 The foure and thirtieth
  • Iohn Yong,—
  • Thomas Oldgrave:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Marrow, Mercer,
    sonne to
    Stephen Marrow, of Stebun-
    heath, in Middlesex.
  • 1456 The five and thirtieth
  • Iohn Styward.—
  • Ralph Verney:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Canning, Gro-
    cer, sonne to Iohn Canning, of the Ci-
    ty of Bristoll.
  • 1457 The six and thirtieth
  • William Edwards,—
  • Thomas Reyner:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    This Maior gave 1000 li. to poore houshol-
    ders in London.
    Sir, Godfrey Bullen, sonne to
    Geffrey Bullen of Salle in Norfolke.
  • 1458 The seven and thirtieth
  • Ralph Ioceline,—
  • Richard Medham:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Scot, Draper,
    sonne to Robert Scot of Dorney in Buc-
  • 1459 The eight and thirtieth
  • Iohn Plummer,—
  • Iohn Stocker:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Now were the wofull battailes of Blore-
    beath, Northhamp-
    ton, Wake-
    field, Saint Albanes, & Mortiners Crosse each ofter other.
    Sir William Hulin, Fishmon-
    ger, sonne to Nicholas Hulin of Fulham
    in Middlesex.
  • 1460 The nine and thirtieth
  • Richard Fleming,—
  • Iohn Lambert:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Richard Leo, Grocer,
    sonne to Simon Lee, of the Citie of Wor-
  • King Edward the fourth began his reigne
    the fourth of March, in the yeere
    1460. after the account
    of the Church of
  • 1461 The first
  • George Ireland,—
  • Iohn Locke:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Hugh Witch, Mercer, son
    of Richard Witch, of Wice Malbano in
  • 1462 The second
  • William Hampton,—
  • Bartholomew Iames:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Cooke, Draper,
    son of Robert Cooke of Lavenham in Suf-
    This Maior was made Knight
    of the Bath,
    This Maior was knight of the Bath and after Knighted in the field by the King.
    and had great troubles
  • 1463 The third
  • Robert Basset,—
  • Thomas Muschamp:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Mathew Philip, Gold-
    smith, sonne to Arnold Philip of the Ci-
    tie of Norwich.
  • 1464 The fourth
  • Iohn Tate,—
  • Iohn Stone:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior,
    Sir Ralph Ioceline, Knight of the Bath in the field.
    Sir Ralph Ioceline, Draper,
    sonne to Geffrey Ioceline, of Sabridge-

    in Hertfordshire.
  • 1465 The fifth
  • Henry Weaver,
    Henry Wea-
    , knight of the Bath being Sheriffe, Surmisted-
    ly charged with Trea-
  • William Constantine:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Ralph Varney, Mercer, son
    to Ralph Varney, borne in the Citie of
  • 1466 The sixth
  • Iohn Browne,—
  • Henry Brice,—
  • Iohn Darby:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Yong, Grocer, sonne
    of Thomas Young of the City of Bri-
    This Maior was made Knight in
    the field: and this yeere began the trou-
    bles of Sir Thomas Cooke, and of other
    Aldermen, as you may
    large in my Summarie.
  • 1467 The seventh
  • Thomas Stalbrooke,—
  • Humfrey Hoyford:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Oldgrave, Skin-
    ner; sonne of William Oldgrave, of
    Knottysford in Cheshire.
  • 1468 The eighth
  • Simon Smith,—
  • William Harriot:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Taylor, Grocer,
    sonne to Iohn Taylor of Ecclestone in
  • 1469 The nint
  • Richard Gardner,—
  • Robert Drope:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    King Hen-
    the sixt delivered out of the Tower.
    Sir Richard a Lee, sonne to
    Iohn a Lee, of the City of Worcester. This
    yeere, the Tower of London being deli-
    vered the Lord Maior, and his brethren
    the Aldermen, they deliverd, King Hen-

    the sixt, who was kept there Priso-
  • 1470 The tenth
  • Iohn Crosby,—
  • Iohn Ward:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Stockton, Mercer,
    sonne to Richard Stockton, of Bratoft in
    Lincolneshire. Thomas Nevil, the Ba-
    stard Falconbridge, with a riotous com-
    The insur-
    rection of the Bastard Faulcon-
    and his com-
    did this yeere set upon this Citie,
    at Aldgate, Bishops-gate, the Bridge, &c.
    And twelve Aldermen, with the Recor-
    der were Knighted in the field, by Edw.
    the fourth, to wit, Iohn Stockton, Maior;
    Ralph Veruey, late Maior; Iohn Yong, late
    Maior; William Taylor, late Maior; Ri-
    chard a Lee
    , late Maior; Mathew Phi-
    The most of these Knights were after-
    ward made Maiors.
    late Maior, George Ireland; William
    Stocker; William Hampton; Thomas Stal-
    brooke; Iohn Crosby; Bartholomew Iames
    and Thomas Vrswike, Recorder.
  • 1471 The eleventh
  • Iohn Alen,—
  • Iohn Shelley:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Edwards, Grocer,
    sonne to William Edwards of the Parish
    of Hoton in Essex. The water-Con-
    duit in Aldermanbury, and the Stan-
    dard in Fleetstreete were this yeere fini-
  • 1472 The twelfth
  • Iohn Browne,—
  • Thomas Bledlow:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Sir William Hampton, Fish-
    monger, sonne to Iohn Hampton of Min-

    in Glocestershire.
    Punishmēt inflicted on strum-
    pets and Vaga-
    Maior punished Strumpets, and caused
    stockes to be set up in every Ward, to
    punish Vagabonds.
  • 1473 The thirteenth
  • Sir William Stocker,—
  • Robert Belisdon:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Tate, Mercer, sonne
    of Iohn Tate,
    Serjeants and their yeomen appointed to the Sheriffes.
    borne in the Citie of Lon-
    This yeere the Sheriffes of Lon-

    were appointed (each of them) to
    have sixteene Serjeants, & every Serje-
    ant to have his Yeoman. Also six
    Clerkes, a Secondary, a Clerke of the
    Papers, and foure other Clerkes, besides
    the Vndersheriffes Clerkes.
  • 1474 The fourteenth
  • Edmond Shaa, or Shawe,—
  • Thomas Hill:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Robert Drope, Draper,

    Temporall Government.

    sonne to Iohn Drope of Saint Edes in
    This Maior increased the Water-Conduit in Corne-hill.
  • 1475 The fifteenth
  • Hugh Brice,—
  • Robert Colwich:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Robert Basset, Salter, son
    to Robert Basset of Billerykey in Essex.
  • 1476 The sixteenth
  • Richard Rawson,—
  • William Horne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior againe,
    He corre-
    cted the Bakers & Victualers of this Ci-
    Sir Ralph Ioceline,
    Draper, Knight of the Bath, by whose
    diligence the wals of the Citie were re-
  • 1477 The seventeenth
  • Henry Collet,—
  • Iohn Stocker:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Humfrey Heyford, Gold-
    smith, sonne to Roger Heyford of Strat-
    ford Bowe
    neere London.
  • 1478 The eighteenth
  • Robert Harding,
    Robert Bi-
    gave 50. li. to-
    wards the water Cō-
  • Robert Bifield:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Richard Gardener, Mercer,
    sonne of Iohn Gardener of Exning in
  • 1479 The nineteenth
  • Thomas Ilam,
    Tomas Il-
    newely builded the great Conduit in Cheape side.
  • Iohn Ward:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Bartholomew Iames, Dra-
    per, sonne to Edward Iames of London,
  • 1480 The twentieth
  • Thomas, or William Daniel,
  • William Bacon:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Browne, otherwise
    called Iohn de Werks, Mercer, sonne of
    Iohn Browne of Okeham in Rutland-shire.
  • 1481 The one and twentieth
  • Robert Tate,—
  • Richard Chawrey,—
  • William Wiking:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior,
    New buil-
    ding of Creplegate.
    Sir William Heriot, or Har-
    Draper, sonne to Iohn Heriot late of
    Segrave in the County of Leicester.
  • 1482 The two and twentieth
  • William White,—
  • Iohn Mathew:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Edmond Shaa, or Shaw,
    Goldsmith, sonne to Iohn Shaa, late of
    Donkenfield, in the County of Chester.
    This Sir Edmond Shaa, caused the Po-
    sterne called Creplegate to bee newly
  • King Edward the fift began his reigne
    the ninth of April, in the
    yeere 1483.
  • Richard the third began his reigne the
    two and twentieth of Iune in
    the yeere 1483.
  • 1483 The first
  • Thomas Newland,—
  • William Martia:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Robert Billesdon, Haber-
    dasher, sonne to Alexander Billesdon, of
    Queeningborough in the County of Lei-
  • 1484 The second
  • Richard Chester,—
  • Thomas Britaine,—
  • Ralph Astrie:—
    • Sheriffs.

  • Maior,
    3 Lord Maiors, & three She-
    riffes in one yeere, by reason of a swea-
    ting sicke-
    Sir Thomas Hill, Grocer: Sir
    William Stocker, Draper, and Iohn Ward,
    Grocer. Thomas Hill was sonne to Wil-
    liam Hill
    of Hilston in the County of
    Kent. William Stoker was sonne to Tho-
    mas Stocker
    of Eaton in the County of
    Bedford: and Iohn Ward was sonne to
    Richard Ward of Howdon in the Coun-
    tie of Yorke. Thomas Hill appointed by
    his Testament, the water Conduit in
    Grasse-street to be builded this yeere.
  • Henry the seventh began his reigne the
    two and twentieth of August in
    the yeere 1485.
  • 1485 The first
  • Iohn Tate,—
  • Iohn Swan, or Swans:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior, Sir Hugh Brice, Goldsmith,
    sonne to Richard Brice of Dublin in Ire-
    This Hugh Brice was keeper of
    the Kings Mints at London.
  • 1486 The second
  • Iohn Percivol,—
  • Hugh Clopton:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This was father to him that builded Pauls Schoole.
    Sir Henry Collet, Mercer, son
    to Robert Collet of Wendover in the
    County of Buckingham. This yeere the
    Crosse in West Cheape was new buil-
    ded in beautifull manner.
  • 1487 The third
  • Iohn Fenkel,—
  • William Remington:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Florne, Saiter,
    sonne to Thomas Horne of Snaysewell in
    the County of Cambridge. This William
    was made Knight, in the field, by King
    Henry the seventh, and gave to the re-
    pairing of high wayes betwixt London
    and Cambridge, five hundred Markes,
    and bountifully to the Preachers at
    Pauls Crosse.
  • 1488 The fourth
  • William Isaac,—
  • Ralph Tinley or Tilney:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Robert Tate, Mercer, sonne
    to Thomas Tate of the Citie of Coven-
  • 1489 The fifth
  • William Capell,—
  • Iohn Brooke:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William White, Draper,
    sonne to Williamwhite of Tickhill in the
    County of Yorke.
  • 1490 The sixth
  • Henry Cote, or Coote,—
  • Robert Revell,—
  • Hugh Pemberton:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This man lived and dyed a Batchelor and never was Bat-
    chelour Maior be-
    Iohn Mathew, Mercer, being
    first a Linnen Draper, and translated to
    the Mercers. He was sonne to Thomas
    of Sherington in the County of
  • 1491 The seventh
  • Thomas Wood,—
  • VVilliam Browne:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Hugh Clopton, Mercer,
    sonne to Iohn Clopton of Stratford upon
    Avon in the County of Warwicke, where
    the said Hugh builded the goodly stone
  • 1492 The eighth
  • William Purchase,—
  • William Welbeck:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Martin, Skinner,
    sonne to Walter Martin of the County
    of Hertford. This yeere there was a
    ryot made upon the Easterlings, by the
    Mercers servants and others. d others.
  • 1493 The ninth
  • Robert Fabian,—
  • Iohn Winger:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This Maior was made Knight by King Hen-
    the se-
    Sir Ralph Ostrich, or Astrie,
    Fishmonger, sonne to Geffrey Ostrich,
    or Astrie, of Hitchin in the County of
    Hertford. Robert Fabian, Alderman,
    made Fabians Chronicle, a very paine-
    full labour, to the great honour of the
    City, and the whole Realme.
  • 1494 The tenth
  • Nicholas Alwin,—
  • Iohn Warner:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Richard Chawrie, Salter,
    sonne to William Chawrie, of Westram in
  • 1495 The eleventh
  • Thomas Kneesworth,—
  • Henry Sommer:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior againe,
    One man twice Lord Maior.
    Sir Henry Collet Mer-
    cer. This yeere was much trouble, a-
    bout the entercourse betweene England
    and Flanders.
  • 1496 The twelfth
  • Iohn Shaa,—
  • Richard Haddon:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Iohn Tate the yonger, sonne
    to Thomas Tate of Coventrie, and bro-
    ther to Robert Tate, Maior before na-
    med. The King made this Maior, Ro-
    bert Shifield
    , Recorder, and both the
    Sheriffes Knights, for their service a-
    gainst the Rebels at Blacke-Heath
  • 1497 The thirteenth
  • Barthelomew Rede,—
  • Thomas Windew or Windout:
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The level-
    ling of More-fields.
    William Purchase, Mercer, son
    to Iohn Purchase of Gamelinghey in the
    County of Cambridge. This yeere all
    the Gardens in More-fields were de-
    stroyed, and made plaine ground.
  • 1498 The fourteenth
  • Thomas Bradbury,—
  • Stephen Iennings;—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Made Knight in the field by the King.
    Sir Iohn Percivall, Merchant-Taylor,
    sonne to Roger Percivall of Lon-
  • 1499 The fifteenth
  • Iames Wilford,—
  • Thomas, or Richard Brond:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    A good Maior for the poore.
    Sir Nicholas Aldwine, Mercer,
    sonne to Richard Aldwine of Spalding in
    Lincolneshire. Hee gave twelve pence
    a peece to three thousand poore people
    in London, and the like to as many more
    in and about Spalding.
  • 1500 The sixteenth
  • Iohn Hawes,—
  • William Steed:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, William Rennington, Fish-
    monger, sonne to Robert Rennington of
    Bostone in Lincolneshire.
  • 1501 The seventeenth
  • Lawrence Aylmer,—
  • Henry Hede:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The Lord Maiors first riding from the Guild hell to take Barge for Westminster.
    Sir Iohn Shaa, Goldsmith, son
    to I. Shaa of Rochford in Essex. This Maior
    was made Knight in the field by the
    King, and he caused his Brethren the
    Aldermen to ride from the Guild-hall
    to the waters side, when he tooke Barge
    to Westminster, where he was sworne by
    the Kings Councell. Hee first kept
    Court in his owne house, and called
    and redressed all matters comming be-
    fore him.
  • 1502 The eighteenth
  • Henry Kebble,—
  • Nicholas Nives:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior, Sir Bartholomew Rede, Gold-
    smith, sonne to
    Robert Rede of Crowmer
    in Norfolke. Thomas Granger.
  • 1503 The nineteenth
  • Christopher Hawes,—
  • Robert Wats:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Capell, Draper,
    sonne of Iohn Capell of Stoke-Neyland,
    Hee was Knighted by Henry the se-

    in the County of Suffolke. This Maior
    first caused Cages to be set up in every
    Ward, for the punishment of Rogues
    and Vagabonds.
  • 1504 The twentieth
  • Roger Acheley,—
  • William Browne:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Winger, Grocer, sonne
    to William Winger of Leicester.
  • 1505 The one and twentieth
  • Richard Shoare,—
  • Roger Grove:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Kneisworth, Fish-
    monger, sonne to Iohn Kneisworth, of
    Kneisworth in Cambridgeshire. This Tho-
    mas Kneisworth
    appointed the water-Conduit
    at Bishops-gate to be builded.
  • 1506 The two and twentieth
  • William Copinger,
    This Fitz-William, Merchant-Taylor, was after of councel to King Henry the eighth, He buil-
    ded also the grea-
    ter part of the Parish Church of Saint An-
    drew Vn-
    In London.
  • Thomas Iohnson,—
  • William Fitz-Williams:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Richard Haddon, Mercer,
    sonne of William Haddon, Citizen and
    Mercer of London.
  • 1507 The three and twentieth
  • William Butler,—
  • Iohn Kerkby:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, VVilliam Browne, Mercer, son
    of Iohn Browne, Citizen and Mercer of
    London, for part of the yeere; and Law-
    rence Aylmer
    , Draper sonne of Thomas

    Temporall Government.
    Aylmer, of Ellesnam in Essex for the o-
    ther part.
  • 1508 The foure and twentieth
  • Thomas Exmewe,—
  • Richard Smith:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Stephen Iennings, Mer-
    chant-Taylor, sonne to William Iennings
    of Woolnerhampton, in Staffordshire,
    where he builded a Free-School, which
    is still worthily maintained by the
    Company of Merchant-Taylors of
  • King Henry the eighth began his reigne
    the two and twentieth of April,
    in the yeere 1509.
  • 1509 The first
  • George Monox,—
  • Iohn Doget:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Thomas Bradbury, Mercer,
    sonne to William Bradbury of Branghin
    in Hertfordshire, for part of the yeere,
    and Sir William Capell for the rest.
  • 1510 The second
  • Iohn Milborne,—
  • Iohn Rest:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    He gave also 1000. li. to finish up his Pa-
    rish church of Alder-
    , with a steeple, not yet performed▪
    Sir Henry Kebble, Grocer,
    sonne to George Kebble, Citizen and
    Grocer of London. He new builded
    the Parish Church of Aldermary by
  • 1511 The third
  • Nicholas Shelton,—
  • Thomas Mirsine:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Roger Acheley, Draper, son
    to Thomas Acheley, of Stanwardine in
    A carefull Magistrate for Corne.
    This Roger Acheley provi-
    ded Corne for service of this Citie in
    great plenty, and caused the same to be
    stowed up in Leaden Hall, being called
    the Common Garner.
  • 1512 The fourth
  • Robert Holdernes, or Alder-
  • Robert Fenrother:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This Copin-
    gave halfe of his goods to his wife and the o-
    ther half to the poore that had most need▪
    Sir William Copinger, Fish-
    monger, sonne to Walter Copinger, of
    Buckfeill in Suffolke for part of the

    Temporall Government.

    yeere, and Sir Richard Haddon for the
  • 1513 The fifth
  • Iohn Dawes,—
  • Iohn Bruges,—
  • Roger Basford:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Browne, Mercer,
    sonne to Iohn Browne, Citizen and Mer-
    cer of London. Iohn Tate Mercer, this
    yeere builded the Church of Saint An-

    Hospitall in London.
  • 1514 The sixth
  • Iames Yarford,—
  • Iohn Mundy:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir George Monox, Draper,
    borne in London, but his fathers name
    not remembred.
  • 1515 The seventh
  • Henry Warley,—
  • Richard Grey,—
  • William Baily:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Butler, Grocer,
    sonne to Richard Butler, of Bindenham in
  • 1516 The eighth
  • Thomas Seymer,—
  • Iohn, or Richard Thurstone:
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Rest, Grocer, sonne
    to William Rest of Peterborough in North-
  • 1517 The ninth
  • Thomas Baldrie,—
  • Ralph, or Richard Simons:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    He made the water Conduit at London wall by Moregate.
    Sir Thomas Exmewe, Gold-
    smith, sonne to Richard Exmewe, of Ru-

    in Flintshire.
  • 1518 The tenth
  • Iohn Allen,—
  • Iames Spencer:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Mirfine, Skinner,
    sonne to George Mirfine of Ely in Cam-
  • 1519 The eleventh
  • Iohn Wilkinson,—
  • Nicholas Partrich:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Maiors Knighted by courte-
    fie of the Kings.
    Sir Iames Yardford, Mercer,
    sonne to William Yardford of Kidwelley in
    Wales. From this time onward, the
    Maiors of London (for the most part)
    were Knighted by courtesie of the
    Kings, and not otherwise.
  • 1520 The twelfth
  • Iohn Skevington,—
  • Iohn Kyme, alias Keble:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Brug, or Bruges, Dra-
    per, sonne to Thomas Brug, or Bruges,
    of Dymmocke in Glocestershire.
  • 1521 The thirteenth
  • Iohn Breton, or Britaine,—
  • Thomas Pargitor:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    He buil-
    ded the Almeshou-
    ses by To-
    wer hill▪
    Sir Iohn Milborne, Draper,
    sonne to Iohn Milborne of Long Melford
    in Suffolke.
  • 1522 The fourteenth
  • Iohn Rudstone,—
  • Iohn Champneis:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Not thir-
    teen thou-
    sand Pa-
    rishes in England. then ap-
    Sir Iohn Mundy, Goldsmith,
    sonne to William Mundy of Wycombe in
  • 1523 The fifteenth
  • Michaell English,—
  • Nicholas Iennings:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Baldrie, Mercer, sonne to Richard Baldrie of Stow-

    in Suffolke.
  • 1524 The sixteenth
  • Ralph Dodmere,—
  • William Roche:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Baily, Draper,
    sonne to Iohn Baily of Thacksted in
  • 1525 The seventeenth
  • Iohn Caunton, or Calton,—
  • Christopher Askew:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Allen, Mercer, sonne
    to Richard Allen of Thacksted in Essex.
  • 1526 The eighteenth
  • Stephen Peacocke,—
  • Nicholas Lambert:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Thomas Seymer, Mercer,
    sonne to Iohn Seymer of London, Fish-
    monger, who was sonne to Robert Sey-

    of Walden in Essex.
  • 1527 The nineteenth
  • Iohn Hardy,—
  • William Holleis:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This yeere was the great swea-
    ting sicke-
    Sir Iames Spencer, Vintner,
    sonne to Robert Spencer of Congleton in
  • 1528 The twentieth
  • Ralph Warren,—
  • Iohn Long:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Testament in English translated by William Tindall.
    Sir Iohn Rudstone, Draper,
    sonne to Robert Rudstone of Hatton in Yorkeshire.
  • 1529 The one and twentieth
  • Michaell Dermer—
  • Walter Champion:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This Maior was tran-
    slated frō the Brew-
    ers to the Mercers.
    Sir Ralph Dodmer, Mercer,
    sonne to Henry Dodmer, of Pickering-Leigh
    in Yorkeshire. This yeere it was
    decreed that no man should be Maior
    of London more than one yeere.
  • 1530 The two and twentieth
  • William Dauntesey, or Dan-
  • Richard Champion:
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The King first called Supreame head.
    Sir Thomas Pargitor, Salter,
    sonne to Iohn Pargitor, of Chippingnorton
    in Oxfordshire.
  • 1531 The three and twentieth
  • Richard Gresham,—
  • Edward Altham:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior, Sir Nicholas Lambert, Gro-
    cer, sonne to Edward Lambert of Wilton
    in Wiltshire.
  • 1532 The foure and twentieth
  • Richard Reynolds,—
  • Iohn Martin,—
  • Nicholas Pinchon,—
  • Iohn Priest:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    This yeere was queen Elizabet’s borne at Greenwich.
    Sir Stephen Peacock, Haber-
    dasher, sonne to Stephen Peacock of the
    City of Dublin in Ireland.
  • 1533 The five and twentieth
  • William Forman,—
  • Thomas Kitson:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Oath ta-
    ken to the succession.
    Sir Christopher Askew, Dra-
    per, sonne to Iohn Askew of Edmonton in
  • 1534 The six and twentieth
  • Nicholas Leveson,—
  • William Denham:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The Popes power ex-
    pelled out of England.
    Sir Iohn Champneis, Skinner,
    sonne to Robert Champneis, of Chew in
  • 1535 The seven and twentieth
  • Humfrey Monmouth,—
  • Iohn Cotes:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Serieants and their Yeomen put away by the Sheriffes.
    Sir Iohn Allen, Mercer, and
    made a Privie Counsellor to the King,
    for his great wisedome. The forenamed
    Sheriffes, Monmouth and Cotes, did put
    away twelve Sergeants & twelve Yeo-
    men; but by a Court of Cōmon Coun-
    cell, they were enforced to take them
  • 1536 The eight and twentieth
  • Robert, or Richard Paget,—
  • William Bowyer:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The River of Thames over-fro-
    Sir Ralph Warren, Mercer,
    sonne to Thomas Warren Fuller, who was
    sonne to William Warren, of Fering in
  • 1537 The nine and twentieth
  • Iohn Gresham,—
  • Thomas Lewin:
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior,
    The great Bible prin-
    ted in En-
    glish prin-
    Sir Richard Gresham, Mercer,
    sonne to Iohn Gresham of Holt, in Nor-
  • 1538 The thirtieth
  • William Wilkinson,—
  • Nicholas Gibson:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    on of Ab-
    bies and religious houses.
    Sir William Forman, Haber-
    dasher, son to William Forman, of Gains-

    in Lincolneshire.
  • 1539 The one and thirtieth
  • Thomas Ferrer,—
  • Thomas Huntlow:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Holleis, sonne to
    William Holleis, Citizen and Baker of
  • 1540 The two and thirtieth
  • William Laxstone,—
  • Martin Bowes:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The Eng-
    lish Bible in every Parish Church.
    Sir William Roche, Draper,
    sonne to Iohn Roche of Wixley in Yorke-
  • 1541 The three and thirtieth
  • Rowland Hill,—
  • Henry Suckley:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Michael Dormer, Mercer,
    sonne to Geffrey Dormer of Tame in Ox-
  • 1542 The foure and thirtieth
  • Henry Hobberthorne,—
  • Henry Amcoates:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The great Plague at London.
    Iohn Cotes, Salter, sonne to
    Thomas Cotes of Bearton in Buckingham-
  • 1543 The five and thirtieth
  • Iohn Tholouse,—
  • Richard Dobbes:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior,
    Bulten be-
    sieged and yeelded.
    Sir William Bowyer, sonne to
    William Bowyer of Harston in Cambridge-

    for one part, and Sir Ralph Warren
    Mercer, for the rest.
  • 1544 The six and thirtieth
  • Iohn Wilford,—
  • Andrew Iud:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Laxton, Grocer,
    sonne to Iohn Laxton of Yongdell in
  • 1545 The seven and thirtieth
  • George Barne,—
  • Ralph Allen, or Alley:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Martin Bowes, Goldsmith,
    sonne to Thomas Bowes, an Inhabitant
    of the Citie of Yorke for many yeeres.
  • 1546 The eight and thirtieth
  • Richard Iarveis,—
  • Thomas Curteis:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The death of King Henry the Eight.
    Sir Henry Hobberthorne, Mer-
    chant-Taylor, sonne to Christopher
    of Waddingworth in Lin-
  • King EDVVARD the sixth began his
    reigne the eight and twentieth
    day of Ianuary, in the
    yeere, 1546.
  • 1547 The first
  • Thomas White,—
  • Robert Chertsey:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    2 Sonnes of one man Mai-
    ors of Lon-
    each after o-
    Sir Iohn Gresham, Mercer,
    sonne to Iohn Gresham of Holt in Nor-
    and Brother to Sir Richard Gre-
    formerly Lord Maior.
  • 1548 The second
  • William Lock,—
  • Sir Iohn Ayleph:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    A great death in London.
    Henry Amcoates, Fishmon-

    Temporall Government.

    sonne to William Amcoats, of Astrap
    in Lincolnshire.
  • 1549 The third
  • Iohn Yorke,—
  • Richard Turke:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Booke of Common Prayer in English.
    Sir Rowland Hill, Mercer,
    sonne to Thomas Hill of Hodnet in Shrop-
  • 1550 The fourth
  • Augustine Hind,—
  • Iohn Lion:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The se-
    cond great Sweating Sicknesse.
    Sir andrew Iud, Skinner,
    sonne to Iohn Iud of Tonebridge in
  • 1551 The fifth
  • Iohn Lambert,—
  • Iohn Cowper:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Richard Dobbes, Skinner,
    sonne to Robert Dobbes of Baitby in
  • 1552 The sixth
  • William Garret, or Gerrard,
  • Iohn Mainard:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The death of King Edward the sixth.
    Sir George Barne, Haberda-
    sher, sonne to George Barne, Citizen
    and Haberdasher of London.
  • Queene Marie began her reigne the
    sixth day of Iuly in the
    yeere 1553.
  • 1553 The first
  • Thomas Offley,—
  • William Hewet:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The boun-
    ty of Sir Thomas White.
    Sir Thomas White, Merchant-Taylor,
    sonne to Thomas White of Rick-

    in Hertfordshire.
    Wiat, his rising and suppres-
    This Sir
    Thomas White founded Saint Iohn Bap-

    Colledge in Oxford, and gave two
    thousand pound to the Citie of Bristol
    to purchase one hundred and twentie
    pound land yeerely.
  • 1554 The second
  • David Woodroffe,—
  • William Chester:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.

  • Maior,
    Lady Iane beheaded▪
    Sir Iohn Lyon, Grocer, sonne
    to Thomas Lyon of Peryfare in Middle-
  • 1555 The third
  • Thomas Lee, or Leigh,—
  • Iohn Machel:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Seven Al-
    dermen in London dyed in lesse than 10 Months▪
    Sir William Garret or Garrard,
    Haberdasher, sonne to Iohn Garret, Ci-
    tizen and Grocer of London, who was
    sonne to William Garret of Seddingbourne
    in Kent.
  • 1556 The fourth
  • William Harper,—
  • Iohn White:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    First ordai-
    ning of the night Bel-
    Sir Thomas Offley, Merchant-Taylor,
    sonne to William Offley of the
    City of Chester.
  • 1557 The fifth
  • Richard Mallory,—
  • Iames Altham:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Callis lost to the French.
    Sir Thomas Curteis, Fishmon-
    ger, sonne to Iohn Curteis of Enfield in
    Middlesex. Hee was free of the Pew-
    terers, and translated to the Fishmon-
  • 1558 The sixth
  • Iohn Halsey,—
  • Richard Champion:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Death of Queene Mary.
    Sir Thomas Lee, or Leigh, Mer-
    cer, sonne to Roger Lee of Willington in
  • Queene ELIZABETH began her
    reigne, the seventeenth of No-
    vember, in the
    yeere, 1558.
  • 1559 The first
  • Thomas Lodge,—
  • Roger Martin:
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Common Prayer in English, & Images pulled downe.
    Sir William Hewet, Cloth-

    Temporall Government.

    worker, sonne to Edmund Hewet of Wales
    in Yorkeshire.
  • 1560 The second
  • Christopher Draper,—
  • Thomas Rowe:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir William Chester, Draper,
    sonne to John Chester, Citizen and Dra-
    per of London. This yeere the Mer-
    chant-Taylors founded their notable
    Free-Schoole for poore mens chil-
    dren, &c.
  • 1561 The third
  • Alexander Avenon,—
  • Humfrey Baskervile:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Pauls stee-
    ple burned Iune 4. 1561.
    Sir William Harper, Merchant-Taylor,
    sonne to William Harper of the
    Towne of Bedford.
  • 1562 The fourth
  • William Allen,—
  • Richard Chamberlaine,—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    ven yeel-
    ded to the French.
    Sir Thomas Lodge, Grocer,
    sonne to William Lodge of Cresset in
  • 1563 The fifth
  • Edward Bankes,—
  • Rowland Heyward:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The great Plague: No Maiors Feast by reason of the Plague The great frost and Thames o-
    Sir Iohn White, Grocer, sonne
    to Robert White of Farneham in Surrey.
  • 1564 The sixth
  • Edward Iackman,—
  • Lionel Ducket:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    The Bursse builded by Sir Thomas Gresham.
    Sir Richard Mallory, Mercer,
    sonne to Anthony Mallory of Papwortha-

    in Cambridgeshire.
  • 1565 The seventh
  • Iohn Rivers,—
  • Iames Hawes:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The birth of our Royal So-
    veraigne King Iames Iune 9. 1566.
    Sir Richard Champion, Dra-
    per, sonne to Richard Champion of Godil-

    in Surrey.
1566 The

Temporall Government.
  • 1566 The eighth
  • Richard Lambert,—
  • Ambrose Nicholas,—
  • Iohn Langley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Christopher Draper, Iron-
    monger, sonne to Iohn Draper of Melton
    in Leicestershire.
  • 1567 The ninth
  • Thomas Ramsey,—
  • Iohn Bond:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Downegate Conduit builded.
    Sir Roger Martin, Mercer, son
    to Lawrence Martin of Melford in Suf-
  • 1568 The tenth
  • Iohn Oleph,—
  • Robert Harding,—
  • Iames Bacon:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The great Lottery at Pauls and the New Church-yard buil-
    ded neere Bethlehem.
    Sir Thomas Rowe, Merchant-Taylor,
    sonne to Robert Rowe Citizen
    and Merchant-Taylor of London, who
    was sonne to Reynald Rowe of Lee in
  • This yeere Sir Thomas Row enclosed
    a piece of ground by Moore-fields, with
    a Bricke wall, to be a place for buriall of
    the dead, to such Parishes in London as
    wanted Churchyards.
  • 1569 The eleventh
  • Henry Beecher,—
  • William Dane:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Rebellion of the Earles in the North.
    Sir Alexander Avenon, Iron-
    monger, sonne to Robert Avenon, or
    Avenand of Kings-Norton in Worcester-
  • 1570 The twelfth
  • Francis Barneham,—
  • William Boxe:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Queene Elizabeth her com-
    ming to the Royall Exchange.
    Sir Rowland Heyward Cloth-
    worker, son to George Heyward of Bridge
    in Shropshire.
  • 1571 The thirteenth
  • Henry Milles,—
  • Iohn Branche:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Allen, Mercer,

    Temporall Government.

    sonne to William Allen, Citizen and Pa-
    steller of London, who was sonne to Ri-
    chard Allen
    of Stondon in Hertfordshire.
  • 1572 The fourteenth
  • Richard Pipe,—
  • Nicholas Woodroffe:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Duke of Norfolke beheaded, Iune 2. 1572.
    Sir Lionell Ducket, Mercer.
  • 1573 The fifteenth
  • Iames Harvey,—
  • Tho. Pulloccell or Pullison:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    M. Saunders murdered: his wife, Browne, Mistris Drewry, & trusty Ro-
    Sir Iohn Rivers, Grocer, sonne
    to Richard Rivers of pensehurst in Kent.
  • 1574 The sixteenth
  • Thomas Blancke,—
  • Anthony Gamage:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iames Hawes, Clothwor-
    ker, sonne to Thomas Hawes, Citizen
    and Merchant of London, who was son
    to Iohn Hawes of Stoke-Newington in
  • 1575 The seventeenth
  • Edward Osborne,—
  • Wolstane Dixie:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Ambrose Nicholas, Salter,
    sonne to Iohn Nicholas of Nedingworth
    in Huntingdonshire.
  • 1576 The eighteenth
  • William Kempton,—
  • George Barne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Oldbourne. Conduit builded by by Master Lambe.
    Sir Iohn Langley, Goldsmith,
    sonne to Robert Langley of Althrope in
  • 1577 The nineteenth
  • Nicholas Backhouse,—
  • Francis Bowyer:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Strange sicknesse at Oxenford death of the Iud-
    Sir Thomas Ramsey, Grocer,
    sonne to Iohn Ramsey of Flenbridge in
1578 The

Temporall Government.
  • 1578 The fourteenth
  • George Bond,—
  • Thomas Starkie:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The bla-
    zing Star. The great deepe Snow.
    Sir Richard Pipe, Draper, son
    to Richard Pipe of Woolverhampton, in
  • He was free of the Leathersellers,
    and from them translated to the Dra-
  • 1579 The one and twentieth
  • Martin Calthrope,—
  • Iohn Hart:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The great and gene-
    rall Earth-
    quake, on Wednsday in Easter weeke the fixt of A-
    , 1580.
    Sir Nicholas Woodroffe, Ha-
    berdasher, sonne to David Woodroffe,
    Citizen and Haberdasher of London,
    who was sonne to Iohn Woodroffe, or
    Woodrove, of the Parish of Vscombe, in
  • 1580 The two twentieth
  • Ralph Woodcocke,—
  • John Allot:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The bla-
    zing starre seene a-
    bove two moneths nightly.
    Sir Iohn Branche, Draper,
    sonne to Iohn Branche, Citizen and Dra-
    per of London, who was sonne to Iohn
    of Laynham in Suffolke.
  • 1581 The three and twentieth
  • Richard Martin,—
  • William Webbe:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Mouesiers comming into Eng-
    , and his return.
    Sir Iames Harvey, Irohmon-
    ger, sonne to William Harvey, of Cotwal-

    in Staffordshire.
  • 1582 The foure and twentieth
  • William Rowe,—
  • Iohn Haydon, deceased,—
  • Cuthbert Buckle succeeded:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Standard at Leaden-Hall for Thames-water.
    Sir Thomas Blanke, Haberda-
    sher, sonne to Thomas Blanke, Citizen
    and Haberdasher of London, who was
    sonne to Thomas Blanke of Gilford in
  • 1583 The five and twentieth
  • William Masham,—
    Desmonds head set on London-bridge.
  • Iohn Spencer:—
    • Sheriffes.
      Arden and Somerviles Treason.
  • Maior, Sir Edward Osborne, Cloth-
  • worker, son to Richard Osborne, of Ash-

    in Kent.
  • 1584 The six and twentieth
  • Stephen Slany,—
  • Henry Billingsley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    W. Parries treason. E. of Nor-
    . murdered himselfe in the Tower.
    Sir Thomas Pulloccill, or Pully-
    Draper, sonne to William Pulloccill,
    of Footescray in Kent.
  • 1585 The seven and twentieth
  • Anthony Ratcliffe,—
  • Henry Pranell:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Wolstane Dixie, Skinner,
    sonne to Thomas Dixie, of Catworth in
  • 1586 The eight and twentieth
  • Robert House,
    Sir Philip Sidney his honoura-
    ble Fune-
    rall, Febr. 16. 1586.
  • William Elkin:
    Ludgate new buil-
    ded by the Cities charge.
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir George Barne, Haberda-
    sher, sonne to Sir George Barne, Knight,
    Citizen, Haberdasher, and Lord Maior
    of London; who was son also to George
    , Citizen and Haberdasher of
  • 1587 The nine and twentieth
  • Thomas Skinner,—
  • Iohn Catcher:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir George Bond, Haberda-
    sher, sonne to Robert Bond, of Trull in
  • 1588 The thirtieth
  • Hugh Offley,
    The Camp at Tilbery.
  • Richard Saltonstall:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Queene Elizabeth her com-
    ming to Pauls Ser-
    Sir Martin Calthrop, Draper,
    sonne to Martin Calthrop, Citizen and
    Draper of London: He served one part
    of the yeere, and Sir Richard Martin,
    Goldsmith, the other.
  • 1589 The one and thirtieth
  • Richard Gurney,—
  • Stephen Some:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Death of Sir Francis Walsingham
    Sir Iohn Hart, Grocer, sonne

    Temporall Government.

    to Ralph Hart, of Sproston-Court in York-
  • 1590 The two and thirtieth
  • Nicholas Mosley,—
  • Robert Brooke:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir Iohn Allot, Fishmonger,
    sonne to Richard Allot of Limbergh in
    Lincolnshire: He served one part of the
    yeere, and Sir Rowland Heyward the o-
  • 1591 The three and thirtieth
  • William Rider,—
  • Benet, or Benedict Barnham—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The Thomas al-
    most emp-
    ty of water for two daies space.
    Sir William Webbe, Salter,
    sonne to Iohn Webbe, of Reading in Bark-
  • 1592 The foure and thirtieth—
  • Robert Taylor:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    No Bar-
    tholomew Fayre at London.
    Sir William Rowe, Ironmon-
    ger, sonne to Thomas Rowe of Penschurst
    in Kent.
  • 1593 The five and thirtieth
  • Paul Banning,—
  • Peter Haughton:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior,
    Doctor Lopez exe-
    cuted at Teyborne.
    Sir Cuthbert Buckle, Vintner,
    sonne to Christopher Buckle, of Bourgh,
    in Westmerland: Hee served one part of
    the yeere, and Sir Richard Martin,
    Goldsmith, the other; which Sir Ri-
    chard Martin
    was sonne to Thomas Mar-
    of Saffron Walden in Essex.
  • 1594 The six and thirtieth
  • Robert Lee,—
  • Thomas Bennet:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Vnrely youth ex-
    ecuted on Tower-hill.
    Sir Iohn Spencer, Clothwor-
    ker, sonne to Richard Spencer of Walding-

    in Suffolke.
  • 1595 The seven and thirtieth
  • Thomas Lowe,
    A Provost Marshall for London.
  • Leonard Hallyday:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Stephen Slany, Skinner,
    sonne to Iohn Slany, of Mitton, in Staf-
  • 1596 The eight and thirtieth
  • Iohn Wats,—
  • Richard Godard:—
    • Sheriffes.

  • Maior, Sir, Thomas Skinner, Cloth-
    worker, sonne to Iohn Skinner, of Wal-

    in Essex. Hee served the one part
    of the yeere, and Sir Henry Billingsley,
    Haberdasher the other.
  • This Sir Henry Billingsley was sonne
    to Roger Billingsley, of the City of Can-
    in Kent.
  • 1597 The nine and thirtieth
  • Henry Row,—
  • Iohn More:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Lectures reading in Greshams College.
    Sir Richard Saltonstall, Skin-
    ner, sonne to Gilbert Saltonstall, of Hal-

    in Yorkshire.
  • 1598 The fortieth
  • Edward Holmedon,—
  • Robert Hampson:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Earle of Essex his going to-
    wards Ire-
    Sir Stephen Some, Grocer,
    sonne to Thomas Some, of Bradley in
  • Hee was free of the Girdlers, and
    from them translated to the Grocers.
  • 1599 The one and fortieth
  • Humphrey Welde,—
  • Roger Clerke:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Earle of Essex re-
    turned, & L. Mount-
    ioy sent in-
    to Ireland.
    Sir Nicholas Mosley,
    Earle of Essex his ri-
    sing, trou-
    bles, and death.
    worker, sonne to Edward Mosley, of
    Hough in Lancashire.
  • 1600 The two and fortieth
  • Thomas Smith,—
  • Thomas Cambell,—
  • William Craven:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Rider, Haberda-
    sher, sonne to Thomas Rider of Muckle-

    in Staffordshire.
  • 1601 The three and fortieth
  • Henry Anderson,—
  • William Glover:—
    • Sheriffes.

Temporall Government.
  • Maior,
    Spaniards and Irish overcome in Ireland.
    Sir Iohn Garret, or Garrard,
    Haberdasher, son to Sir, William Garret,
    or Garrard, Knight, Lord Maior and Ha-
    berdasher of London, son to Iohn Garret
    or Garrard, Citizen and Grocer of Lon-
    who was sonne to William Garret, or
    Garrard, of Seddingborne, in Kent.
  • 1602 The foure and fortieth
  • Iames Pemberton,—
  • Iohn Swinnerton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Robert Lee, Merchant-Tai-
    ler, sonne to Humphrey Lee of Bridge-North
    in Shropshire.
  • King IAMES began his reigne the
    foure and twentieth of March
    in the yeere, 1602.
  • 1603 The first
  • Sir William Rumney,—
  • Sir Thomas Middleton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    This yeere died good Queene Elizabeth.
    Sir Thomas Bennet, Mercer,
    sonne to Thomas Bennet, of Willingford
    in Barkeshire.
  • 1604 The second
  • Sir Thomas Hayes, Knight,
  • Sir Roger Iones Knight:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Tearme at Winchester, and great plague at London.
    Sir Thomas Low, Haberda-
    sher, sonne to Simon Low, Citizen and
    Merchant-Tayler of London, who was
    sonne to Ralph Low, of London.
  • 1605 The third
  • Clement Scudamor, Knight,
  • Sir Iohn Folles, Knight:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The most happy dis-
    covery and pre-
    vention of the Gun-
    powder Treasons.
    Sir Leonard Hollyday, Mar-
    chant-Tayler, sonne to William Holly-

    of Redborough in Glocestershire.
  • 1606 The fourth
  • William Walthall,—
  • Iohn Lemon:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Iohn Wats, Clothworker,
    sonne to Thomas Wats of Buntingford in
  • 1607 The fifth
  • Geffrey Elwes,—
  • Nicholas Style:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Henry Rowe, Mercer, sonne
    to Sir Thomas Rowe, Knight, Lord
    Maior, Citizen and Merchant-Tayler
    of London.
  • 1608 The sixth
  • George Bolles,—
  • Richard Farrington:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    This yeere Aldgate was fully finished.
    Sir Humfrey Weld, Grocer,
    sonne to Iohn Weld of Eaton in Cheshire.
  • 1609 The seventh
  • Sebastian Harvey,—
  • William Cockaine:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The Lord Maiors shews long left off, were now revived a-
    gaine by order from the King.
    Sir Thomas Cambell, Jronmon-
    ger, sonne to Robert Cambell, of Fulsam
    in Norfolke.
  • 1610 The eighth
  • Richard Pyat,—
  • Francis Iones:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir William Cravon, Mer-
    chant-Tayler, sonne to William Craven
    of Appletreewick in Yorkeshire.
  • 1611 The ninth
  • Edward Barkham,—
  • George Smithes:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    This yeere died the Royall Prince Henry.
    Sir Iames Pemberton, Gold-
    smith, sonne to Iames Premberton, of Ec-

    in Lancashire.
  • 1612 The tenth
  • Edward Rotherham,—
  • Alexander Prescot:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Marriage of the Pals-
    grave to the Lady Eli-
    Sir Iohn Swinnerton, Mer-
    chant-Tayler, sonne to Thomas Swin-
    Citizen and Merchant-Tayler
    of London, who was sonne to Richard
    , of Oswestrey in Shropshire.
  • 1613 The eleventh
  • Thomas Bennet,—
  • Henry Iaye:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The new River brought to London frō Amwell.
    Sir Thomas Middleton, Gro-
    cer, sonne to Richard Middleton, of
    Denbigh, in the County of Denbigh.
  • 1614 The twelfth
  • Peter Proby,—
  • Martin Lumley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Thomas Hayes, Draper,
    sonne to Thomas Hayes of the City of
  • 1615 The thirteenth
  • William Goare,—
  • Iohn Goare:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    This yeere two bre-
    then She-
    riffes and the youn-
    ger first chosen.
    Sir Iohn Iolles Draper, sonne
    to Thomas Ielles of Stratford-Bow in
    The Kings great iour-
    ney to Scotland, and happy returne.
  • 1616 The fourteenth
  • Allen Cotten,—
  • Cuthbert Hacket:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    This Maior was the se-
    cond Bat-
    Sir Iohn Leman, Fishmonger,
    sonne to Iohn Leman of Gillingham in
  • 1617 The fifteenth
  • William Hollyday,—
  • Robert Iohnson:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, the right Honorable, George
    , Grocer, sonne of Thomas Bolles,
    of Newbold in the County of Leicester.
  • 1618 The sixteenth
  • Richard Hearne,—
  • Hugh Hamersley:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Sebastian Harvey, Iron-
    monger, he was sonne to Sir Iames Har-
    Knight, Lord Maior of London, which was sonne to William Harvey, of Cotwal-

    in Staffordshire.
  • 1619 The seventeenth
  • Richard Deane,—
  • Iames Cambell:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Doctor Abbot Lord Bi-
    shop of London, translated and enstal-
    led Arch-
    bishop of Canterbury Aprill 9.
    Sir William Cockaine, Skinner,
    he was sonne to William Cockaine, sonne
    of Roger Cockaine of Baddesley in War-
  • 1620 The eighteenth
  • Edward Allen,—
  • Robert Ducie:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The new River brought from Am-
    , was finished the twen-
    tininth of September.
    Sir Francis Iones, Haberda-
    sher, he was the sonne of Iohn Iones of
    Claverley in the County of Saloppe.
  • 1621 The ninteenth
  • George Whitmore,—
  • Nicholas Rainton:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Sir Edward Barkham, Draper,
    he was the sonne of Edward Barkham,
    of Southacre in the County of Norfolke
  • 1622 The twentieth
  • Iohn Hodges,—
  • Humfrey Hanford Knight:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Prince Charles ha-
    ving been in Spaine arrived in England the sixt of October.
    Sir Peter Proby, Grocer, com-
    monly in the Countrey called Peter ap-Robin,
    his fathers name is not recorded,
    but is sayd to be borne neere Whitchurch
    in Shropshire.
  • 1623 The one and twentieth
  • Ralph Freeman,—
  • Thomas Moulson:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Our graci-
    ous queen Mary lan-
    ded at Do-
    the 12. of Iune.
    Sir Martin Lumley, Draper,
    he was the sonne of Iames Lumley, of
  • 1624 The two and twentieth
  • Rowland Heilin,—
  • Robert Parkhurst:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    King Iames died at Theobalds the 27. day of March.
    Sir Iohn Goare, Merchant-Taylor,
    hee was the sonne of Gerrard
    , who was the sonne of Iohn Goare
    of London.
  • King Charles began his reigne the seven
    and twentieth of March, in the
    yeere, 1625.
  • 1625 The first
  • Thomas Westwray,—
  • Ellis Crispe,—
  • Iohn Poole,—
  • Christopher Cletherowe:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, Sir Allen Cotton, Draper,
    hee was sonne to Ralph Cotton, of Whit-

    in the County of Salop.
  • 1626 The second
  • Edward Bromfield,—
  • Richard Fenne:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The Duke of Bucking-
    made his voyage to the Isle of Ree neer Rochell.
    Sir Cuthbert Aket, alias Hac-
    Draper, hee was sonne of Thomas
    , or Hacket, who was the sonne of
    Thomas Aket, or Hacket, of Dertford in
  • 1627 The third
  • Maurice Abbot,—
  • Henry Garway:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The death of Lambe called by divers Do-
    ctor Lambe.
    Sir Hugh Hammersley, Haber-
    The draw-
    bridge also newly re-
    he was the sonne of Hugh Ham-
    , who was the sonne of Richard
    , of the Towne and County
    of Stafford.
  • 1628 The fourth
  • Rowland Backhouse,—
  • William Acton, Knight and
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Iohn Felton for killing the Duke of Bucking-
    , exe-
    cuted and hanged in chaines.
    Sir Richard Deane, Skinner,
    he was sonne of George Deane, of Much-

    in Essex.
  • 1629 The fifth
  • Humfrey Smith,—
  • Edmund Wright:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The birth of Royall Prince Charles, May the 29 at S. Iames’s neere Char-
    ing Crosse
    Sir Iames Cambell, Ironmon-
    ger, hee was the sonne of Thomas Cam-
    who was sonne of Robert Cambel, of
    Fulsam in the County of Norfolke.
  • 1630 The sixth
  • Arthur Abdy,—
  • Robert Cambell:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    Mervin Lord Aud-
    , and Earle of Castlehaven beheaded on Tower-
    hill, May 14.
    Sir Robert Ducy, Merchant-Taylor,
    he was the sonne of Henry Ducy
    of London.
  • 1631 The seventh
  • Samuel Cranmer,—
  • Henry Prat:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The hou-
    ses joining to the Ca-
    thedrall Church of St. Paul began to be pulled downe.
    Sir George Whitmore, Haber-
    dasher, hee was the sonne of William
    , who was son to Richard Whit-
    of the Parish of Charely in the
    County of Salop.
  • 1632 The eighth
  • Hugh Perry,—
  • Henry Andrewes:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior,
    The third part of London-Bridge bur-
    Sir Nicholas Raynton, Haber-
    dasher, he was the son of Robert Rayn-

    of Highinton in the County of Lin-
  • 1633 The ninth
  • Gilbert Harrison,—
  • Richard Gurney:—
    • Sheriffes.
  • Maior, the right Honourable, Ralph
    , Clothworker, sonne of William
    of the Towne and County of
Thus much for the chiefe and principall Governours of this famous City; of
whose publike Government, with the assistance of other inferiour Officers,
their charges for preserving the Peace, service of the Prince, and Honour
of this City, much might have beene said, and shall be hereafter discoursed
more at large, when I have more spacious ground to walke in, and other
helpes (thereto belonging) can more conveniently be had.

Temporall Government.
Famous Citie; out of which the Lord
Maior is to be chosen yeerely, because
those of inferiour rancke, are not
capable of such dignitie.

THe Mercers were enabled to be a Company, and to purchase
Lands, to the value of twenty pounds by the yeere, the
seventeenth yeare of King Richard the second, Anno Dom. 1393.

Temporall Government.
The Company of Grocers, in elder times called Pepperers: were
first incorporated by the name of Grocers, in the twentieth yeere
of King Edward the third, Anno Dom. 1345. The Armes antient,
and supporters granted by Thomas Benote, Clarencieux, in the time
of King Henry the eight, Helme and Crest, by William Harvey, Cla-
rencieux, Anno Dom
. 1562.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Drapers were incorporated in the seven-
teenth yeere of King Henry the sixt, Anno Dom. 1430. The
Armes first granted by Garter King of Armes: Crest and Suppor-
ters by William Harvy, Clarencieux, Anno Dom. 1561.

Temporall Government.
THe Fishmongers were (at the first) two Companies, namely,
Stockfishmongers, and Saltfishmongers; which Saltfishmongers, in
the beginning of the Reigne of King Henry the eighth, Anno Dom.
. did beare their Armes as here is set downe. But lastly, in
the 28. yeere of the same King, Anno Dom. 1536. the said Compa-
nies were vnited in one, and then their Armes more fully granted.

Temporall Government.
THe Goldsmiths, were incorporated and confirmed in the six-
teenth yeere of King Richard the second, the Crest and Sup-
porters were granted by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux, Anno Dom.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Skinners were incorporated in the first yeere
of King Edward the third, Anno Dom. 1327. And made a Bro-
therhood in the eighteenth yeere of King Richard the second. The
Crest and Supporters were granted by William Haruy, who was
free of the same Company, Anno Dom. 1561.

Temporall Government.
THe first Patent of these Armes, were granted by Sir Thomas
Knight, Clarencieux, King of Armes to the Company of
Tailors and Linnen Armourers, in the one and twentieth yeere of King
Edward the fourth, Anno Dom. 1480. And since then incorporated
by King Henry the seventh, by the name of Merchant-Tailors, in
the seventeenth yeere of his reigne, Anno Dom. 1501. The Crest
and Supporters being granted by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux, Anno
. 1585.

Temporall Government.
The Haberdashers, or Hurrers, (of old time so called) were in-
corporated a Brotherhood of Saint Katharine, in the six and twen-
tieth yeere of King Henry the sixth Anno Dom▪ 1447. And they
were confirmed in the seventeenth yeere of King Henry the seventh,
and named Merchant-Haberdashers. The Crest and Supportters
were granted by Robert Cooke, Clarencioux, King of Armes. Anno
. 1571.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Salters had their Armes first granted to
them in the two and twentieth yeare of King Henry the eight,
Anno Dom. 1530. by Thomas Benolt, Clarencieux. The Crest and
Supporters by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux In the nine and twenti-
eth yeere of Queene Elizabeth, Anno Dom. 1587.

Temporall Government.
THe Ironmongers were incorporated, in the third yeere of King
Edward the fourth, Anno Dom. 1462. And their Armes first
granted by Lancaster, King of Armes, Marshall to Clarencieux, King
of Armes, Anno Dom. 1455. And the foure and thirtieth yeere of
the reigne of King Henry the sixth.

Temporall Government.
THe Vintonners were incorporated in the Reigne of King Ed-
the third, by the name of Wine-Tonners, and confirmed
in the fifteenth yeere of King Henry the sixt, Anno Dom. 1436.
The Armes first granted by Clarencieux, in the sixth yeere of King
Henry the sixt, Anno Dom. 1427.

Temporall Government.
THe Clothworkers had their Armes first granted by Thomas Be-
nolt, Clarencieux
, in the two and twentieth yeere of King Henry
the eighth, Anno Dom. 1530. The Crest and Supporters granted
by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux, King of Armes, Anno Dom. 1587.

Temporall Government.
Merchants, and their seuerall Armes, so
many as I could attaine vnto.
Of the Staple.
THe Company of Merchants, called of the Staple, incorpora-
ted by King Edward the third: in whose time they had their
Staple of Wools at Callis.

Temporall Government.
Merchants Adventures.
THe Company of Merchants, called Merchants Adventures,
were incorporated by King Edward the fourth: And had
their Priviledges confirmed and enlarged by Queene Elizabeth.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Russia.
THe Company of Merchants of Russia, who were incorpo-
rated by King Edward the sixth: and againe confirmed and
augmented by Queene Elizabeth.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Elbing.
THe Company of Merchants of Elbing, they became incor-
porated by Queene Elizabeth.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Levant, or
Turkie Merchants.
THe Company of Merchants of Levant, or (more com-
monly) termed Turkie Merchants, being first incorporated by
Queene Elizabeth, were afterward confirmed and enlarged by our
Soveraigne Lord King Iames.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Spaine.
THe Company of Merchants of Spaine, or more usually cal-
led Spanish Merchants, were incorporated by Queene Eli-

Temporall Government.
Merchants of East-India.
THe Company of Merchants, called Merchants of East-India,
were incorporated by Queene Elizabeth, Anno Dom. 1600.

Temporall Government.
New French
Merchants Adventurers.
A New Company of Merchant Adventures, but of their in-
corporating I am able to say nothing: but the Coat and Crest
of their Armes were given and granted by Sir William Seger, Garter,
and Master William Camden, Clarencieux, Kings of Armes, the thir-
teenth day of November, in the 14. yeere of King Iames, 1616.

Temporall Government.
The Company of
French Merchants.
THe Company now called of French Merchants: of their cre-
ating, incorporating, and Patents granting, no intelligence
hath beene given me, and therefore I am the lesse able to speake of
them: onely I heare them to be a Company of worthy Gentle-
men; and let that honest title at this time suffice them.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Virginia.
THe Company of Merchants, called Merchants of Virginia,
, or Summer-Ilands, for (as I heare) all these additi-
ons are given them. I know not the time of their incorporating,
neither by whom their Armes, Supporters, and Crest were gran-
ted, and therefore am compelled to leaue them abruptly.

Temporall Government.
following the Twelve.
KIng Henry the sixt, late King of England, of famous memo-
ry, by his Highnesse Letters-Patents, or Charter of Incor-
poration, bearing date the sixteenth day of February, in the
nine and fortieth yeere from the beginning of his Reigne; and in
the first yeere of the redemption of his Royall power, did incor-
porate the Company of the Dyers in London, and so they have ever
since continued.

Temporall Government.
THe Charter of the Brewers was granted by King Henry the
sixth, and his Letters-Patents dated at Windsor, the two and
twentieth of February, in the sixth yeere of his Reigne. Moreover,
it was reconfirmed at Greenewich, Iuly the 13. and second yeere of
Queene Elizabeth of blessed memory.
THe Lethersellers being formerly a Society, or Brotherhood of
long time, became incorporated in the sixth yeere of King
Richard the second, and when Whittington was Lord Maior of

Temporall Government.
THe Pewterers were a Company, or Meeting of friendly and
neighbourly men, in the time of King Edward the fourth; and
in the thirteenth yeere of this King became incorporated, Ianu-
ary the 20. And from this King they have beene still confirmed by
all Princes since: lastly, by King Iames.
THe Barbers-Chirurgions, being a Company of no meane credit
and estate, became a Brotherhood and Fellowship, incorpo-
rated by the Charter of King Edward the fourth; afterward by the
Henries, the seventh and eighth, Philip and Mary, and Queene Eliza-
: last of all they were againe confirmed by King Iames, with
other additions also: and all those former Charters have bin recon-
firmed (with larger additions) by our most gracious King Charles.

Temporall Government.
THe Society or Company of the Armourers, have beene a Bro-
therhood of ancient continuance, and became incorporated
in the beginning of the reigne of King Henry the sixth: the
King being pleased to stile himselfe a Brother of their Society.
THe Company of White-Bakers are of great Antiquity, as ap-
peareth by their Records, and divers other things of Anti-
quity, extant in their common Hall. They were a Compa-
ny of this City in the first yeere of Edward the second, and had a new
Charter granted unto them in the first yeere of Henry the seventh;
the which Charter was confirmed unto them by Henry the eighth,
Edward the sixth, Queene Mary, Queene Elizabeth, and King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Wax-Chandlers, having beene a Brother-
hood of very ancient standing, and much used in the times
of superstition, became yet to be incorporated in Anno, 1484.
it being the second yeere of King Richard the third.
THe company of the Tallow-Chandlers, were a Society of great
antiquity, living in good formality among men, and loving
agreement with themselves: they became to be incorpora-
ted in the second yeere of King Edward the fourth, and from him
successively to King Iames.

Temporall Government.
COncerning this Company of Cutlers, I finde them to be of great
antiquity, and that they were incorporated in the beginning
of the Reigne of King Henry the fifth, and afterward confirmed
by King Henry the sixth, King Henry the eighth, King Philip and
Queene Mary, famous Queene Elizabeth; and King Iames in his
fifth yeere, the eighth day of February, fully confirmed all.
I Finde the Company of the Girdlers not to be much behind-hand
(with others) for eminency and antiquity, because they have
held good correspondency with the world and with themselves:
they became to bee incorporated the sixth day of August, in the
seven and twentieth yeere of the Reigne of King Henry the sixth.

Temporall Government.
THe Butchers were incorporated by King Iames, under his
Letters-Patents, bearing date the sixteenth day of Septem-
ber, in the third yeere of his Reigne of England, and of Scot-
the nine and twentieth: they were incorporated by the name
of Master, Wardens, and Comminalty of the Art or mystery of
Butchers of the City of London, the Fraternity being very ancient.
THe Company of Sadlers questionlesse declare themselves to
be of great antiquity, as shewing their beginning in the times
of these Kings following: Edward the first, Rich. the second,
Henry the fourth, Edw. the second, Edw. the third, Henry the fifth,
Henry the sixth, Edw. the fourth, rich. the third, Henry the seventh,
Henry the eighth, Edw. the sixth, and since the first King above na-
med, the Craft of the Sadlers hath given Livery, and so have conti-
nued in their Livery by the space of 300 yeeres and more. What all
the precedent Princes gave and granted, King Iames confirmed.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Carpenters, being a Society of ancient
standing, were incorporated by Letters-Patents, bearing date
the seventh day of Iuly, in the seventeenth yeere of the Reigne of
King Edward the fourth; by the name of Master, Wardens, and
Comminalty of the mystery of Freemen of the Carpentry of the
City of London.
THe Company of Shoomakers or Cordwainers, as they stile
themselves, have beene of long continuance, and were first
incorporated in the seventeenth yeere of King Henry the sixth; be-
ing afterward confirmed by Philip and Queene Mary, in the fourth
and fifth yeeres of their Reigne: then againe re-confirmed by
Queene Elizabeth, in the fourth yeere of her Reigne: and lastly,
by King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Painters, having the addition of Painters-Stainers,
for their skill and cunning in divers mysterious
workes, have beene a Society of great antiquity from time to time,
and were incorporated in Anno Dom. 1580. it being the three and
twentieth yeere of Queene Elizabeth, &c.
THe Company of Curryers, a Company of long continuance,
and of good community amongst themselves, became incor-
porated in the third yeere of King Iames, the twelfth day of Iune.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Masons, being otherwise termed Free-Ma-
, of ancient standing and good reckoning, by meanes of af-
fable and kinde meetings divers times, and as a loving Brotherhood
should use to doe, did frequent this mutuall assembly in the time
of King Henry the fourth, in the twelfth yeere of his most gracious
THe Company of Plumbers, of large and very memorable
antiquity, remaining a Fellowship or Brotherhood by the
name of Plumbers. At length they attained to be incorporated by
Letters-Patents, the eleventh or twelfth day of Aprill, in the ninth
yeere of King IAMES of England, and of Scotland the foure and
fortieth, &c.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Inholders, having beene a Community or
Society of honest friendly men, by their often meeting and
conversing together, as in those dayes it was a matter much obser-
ved: became to be incorporated in the sixth yeere of King Henry
the eighth, and so renued from time to time.
THe Company of Founders, no doubt of antiquity and long
continuance in Brotherhood and Fellowship together, were
incorporated the eighteenth day of September, in the
twelfth yeere of the Reigne of King IAMES.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Embroiderers can make appeare by their
worthy and famous pieces of Art, that they have beene of
ancient use and eminence, as is to be seene in divers places at this
day: but for the matter of their incorporating, it hath relation to
the fourth yeere of Queene Elizabeth, &c.
THe Company of the Poulters were incorporated in the nine-
teenth yeere of King Henry the seventh, the three and twen-
tieth day of Ianuary, and renued againe in the thirtieth yeere of
the Reigne of Queene Elizabeth, February the two and twentieth.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Cookes, having beene a Fellowship or
Brotherhood of antiquity, became to be incorporated in the
twelfth yeere of the Reigne of King Edward the fourth, the ele-
venth day of Iuly: re-confirmed againe by Queene Elizabeth: and
afterward by King Iames, in the thirteenth yeere of his Reigne,
May the nineteenth day.
THe Company of the Coopers, became to bee incorporated in
the sixteenth yeere of the Reigne of King Henry the seventh,
by the name of Master, Wardens, or Keepers of the Commi-
nalty of the Freemen of the mystery of Coopers in London, and the
Suburbes of the same City.

Temporall Government.
Brick-layers and Tylers.
THe Company of Tylers and Brick-layers, or Brick-layers and
Tylers, notwithstanding their antiquity, were first incorpo-
rated in the tenth yeere of the Reigne of Queene Elizabeth,
and confirmed againe in the second yeere of the Reigne of King
THe Company of Bowyers, in regard that the use of the long
Bow hath added no meane honour to this Realme of
England, making it famous in farre remote nations: they may
well stand on a great priviledge of antiquity, yet their incorpora-
ting speakes but of the one and twentieth yeere of the Reigne of
King Iames.

Temporall Government.
ALthough there is small reason of sundering Bowes from Ar-
rowes, or Arrowes from Bowes, yet because they have divi-
ded themselves into two severall Companies, let the fault be on
their owne heads: for as I finde them, so I leave them.
THe Company of Smithes, or Black-Smithes, by which title you
please to tearme them, being a very ancient Brotherhood or
Fraternity of the City of London, were first incorporated by Queene
Elizabeth, in the twentieth yeere of her Reigne, their Charter
bearing date the fifteenth of Aprill, &c. Afterward it was re-
confirmed by King Iames, in the second yeere of his Reigne, the
one and twentieth day of March.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Ioyners, called also Ioyners and Seelers,
of ancient standing, and reputed to be a loving Society, were
incorporated by Queene Elizabeth, in the thirteenth yeere of
her Reigne.
THe Company of the Plaisterers, of larger antiquity then lea-
sure will admit to be delivered, of good and mutuall agree-
ment among themselves, like affable and loving Brethren,
were incorporated in the time of King Henry the sevent, &c.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Weavers (not meaning them which are now
called Silke-Weavers) were of very ancient note indeed; as ha-
ving three severall Societies of themselves, the Woollen-Cloth-Wea-
, the Arras-Weavers, and the Linnen-Weavers: all which I re-
ferre to a further relation.
THe Company of the Fruiterers, being a very ancient Brother-
hood, and of long continuance, became to be first incorporated
in the third yeere of the Reigne of King Iames, &c.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Scriveners, an ancient and long conti-
nued Society, were incorporated the eight and twentieth
day of Ianuary, in the fourteenth yeere of the Reigne of our
Soveraigne Lord, King Iames.
Bottle-makers and Horners.
AS for Bottle-makers and Horne-makers, the precedent times
have remembred them to be of Antiquity, and two distinct
Companies combined in one: But I finde no Record that
they were at any time incorporated.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Stationers, of great antiquity, before the
famous Art of Printing was invented or brought hither, as
(for the most part) their then dwelling in Pater-noster Row, and
the adjoyning parts can testifie. Their Charter of incorporation
was granted the fourth day of May, in the third and fourth yeeres
of King Philip and Queene Mary.
THe Company called by the name of Marblers, for their excel-
lent knowledge and skill in the Art of Insulpting personages
for Tombes, Grave-stones, and Monuments in Churches, and else-
where in Religious places: their antiquity and what respect they
have carried, is unknowne to me; nor can I finde them to bee in-
corporated, but hold some friendship with the Masons, and are
thought to be esteemed among them in Fellowship.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Wooll-packers I know not what to say of
them, because it seemes that there were such men in the
Haunse dayes, when the Wooll-Staple flourished, and that
our Wooll-Merchants had their eminency. Further, I cannot
speake of them, but leave them and their Armes to your consi-
THe Company of the Farriers. My relation concerning them,
must needs be answerable to their owne allegation. Henry de
, or Ferrers, a Norman borne, came over with Willi-
the Conquerour, who gave vnto the said Henry de Ferraris (as
being his Farrier, or Master of his horse) the Honor of Tutbury,
in the County of Stafford, which was the first Honor given to the
Ferrars in England.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Paviours, no doubt have beene a Com-
pany of antiquity, and maintained a Community or Brother-
hood among themselves; but for incorporation, no Record doth
testifie it to me, and therefore I have the lesse to say of them.
THe Company of the Lorinors, or Lorimers, which they please
to accept, I have received a note from themselves, that the se-
cond day of October, and fourth yeere of King Henry the se-
venth, the Wardens of the Art of Lorimers came into the Court of
our Lord the King, in the Chamber of Guild-hall, in the City of
London, before Sir William Horne Knight, then Lord Maior, and
Aldermen of the said City, preferring then and there a Bill or Sup-
plication to the Maior and Aldermen. And this is all that I can
finde remembred of them.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Brown-Bakers, a Society of long stand-
ing and continuance, prevailed to have their incorporating
granted the ninth day of Iune, in the nineteenth yeere of the
Reigne of our Soveraigne Lord King Iames.
THe Company of the Wood-mongers, being a very ancient Fel-
lowship, and of good and amiable agreement together for
long time, became to be incorporated the nine and twentieth
day of August, in the third yeere of the Reigne of our Soveraigne
Lord King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Vpholsters, or Vpholders, were in elder
times of good reckoning and esteeme, and had a Brother-
hood or Fellowship among themselves, but concerning
their incorporating I finde it not recorded.
THe Company of the Turners had long continued a loving
Fellowship or Brotherhood among themselves, to the good
president and example of others: they became incorporated
in the second yeere of King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company called of the Glasiers, have beene a Society of
ancient memory, and maintained a league of Brotherly affe-
ction together; but because I am able to say nothing of their in-
corporating, I am the more willing to passe them over.
THe Company of the Clearkes, commonly tearmed Parish-Clearkes,
I finde to bee very ancient in continuance, and stand
registred in the Bookes of Guild-hall; they became first to bee in-
corporated in the seventeenth yeere of King Henry the third, and
followed on still in all the Princes Reignes, to the ninth yeere of
our Soveraigne Lord King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Watermen, that have their maintenance by rowing
in Boats on the River of Thames, being a Brotherhood under the power
and command of the Lord Maior of London, I leave them for this time.
THe Company of the Apothecaries, that have divided themselves from
the Ancient Society of Grocers, grew so highly favoured by our Sove-
raigne Lord, King Iames, that (as I have heard) he called them his Com-
pany; and granted them order for incorporation the sixth day of December, in
the fifteenth yeere of his Highnesse Reigne.
THis Company of Silke-throwers, having gained their Trade of Silke-throwing
from the Strangers, since Anno quinto of Queene Elizabeth, and
being for the most part Free men of this City, were made a Fellowship
of this City 4. die Iunii, Anno 19. of King Iames, Sir Francis Iones, Knight, be-
ing then Lord Maior. And 23. die Aprilis Anne quinte Caroli Regis, they were in-
corporated by the name of the Master, Wardens, Assistants and Commonalty
of the Trade, Art, or Mystery of Silke-throwers of the City of London.

Temporall Government.
THus our most Noble, Ancient, and famous Mother,
LONDON, (the Queene or Empresse of all Cities in this
West part of the World) having, like an Amazonian Virago,
led forth her warlike City-Sonnes into their Fields of Honour,
without her Walls, to take an ample view of her Armes, Furni-
ture, and other warlike Embellishments, such as beseemed their
worth, and her dignity; like a valiant Captaine, that takes it
to be his honour, of abiding last in the field, and marshalling them
home before her into her walled City, followes after them her
selfe, in her owne Armes and brave Accoutrements.

Temporall Government.
The names of the Wards, and
their Aldermen, as they now are.
THere are in this City (according to the number
of the Wards) six and twenty Aldermen: wher-
of, yeerely on the Feast of Saint Michael the Arch-angell,
one of those Aldermen is elected to bee Maior
for the yeere following: He is to begin and take place on
the eight and twentieth day of October then next fol-
lowing. The other Aldermen his Brethren are to him
Assistants in Councels and Courts, &c.
As the Wards are formerly set downe, according to the order of their
beginning Eastward: so I thought it fet to set downe those Aldermens names
that have the instant government and direction of them: wherein let no ex-
ception be taken, although Aldermen (not knighted) are named as their
Wards successively follow, because this observation is done but onely for or-
ders sake.
Wards on the East side of VValbrooke.
1 Portsoken. Alderman Parkhurst.
2 Aldgate. Alderman Rainton.
3 Tower-streete. Sir Hugh Hammersley.
4 Limestreet. Sir Iames Cambell.
5 Bishopsgate. Alderman Bacchus.
6 Broadstreet. Alderman Moulson.
7 Cornehill. Alderman Freeman.
8 Langborne. Sir George Whitmore.
9 Billingsgate. Alderman Cletherow.
10 Bridge within. Alderman Poole.
11 Candlewickstreet. Sir Richard Deane.
12 Walbrooke. Sir Iohn Goare.
13 Downegate. Alderman Bromfield.

Temporall Government.

14 Vintry.
Alderman Garaway.
15 Cordwainerstreet. Alderman Wright.
16 Cheape. Sir Edward Barkham.
17 Colemanstreet. Sir Maurice Abbot.
18 Basing-Hall. Sir Robert Ducie.
19 Creplegate. Alderman Cranmer.
20 Aldersgate. Sir William Acton.
21 Faringdon within. Alderman Smith.
22 Breadstreet. Sir Martin Lumley.
23 Queene Hithe. Alderman Perry.
24 Castle Baynard. Alderman Venne,
25 Faringdon without. Alderman Cambell.
26 Bridge without. Alderman Abdy.
Thus these Wards have (from time to time) held, and still doe
their severall Aldermen, till either death, or occasion of remove,
do make an alteration of them in their Aldermen. As for an ex-
ample, since the last Impression of this Booke, which is with-
in the compasse of fifteene yeeres, of all the Aldermen that
then were living, there remaine no more then three at this
MOre, there is a Recorder of London, a grave and learned
Lawyer, skilfull in the Customes of this City, also assistant
to the Lord Maior: hee taketh place in Councels and in Courts
before any man that hath not beene Maior, and learnedly delive-
reth the Sentence of the whole Court.
THe Sheriffes of London (of old time) chosen out of the Com-
minalty, Commoners, and oftentimes never came to bee
Aldermen; as many Aldermen were never Sheriffes, and yet
advanced to be Maiors. But of later time, (by occasion) the She-
riffes have beene made Aldermen, before, or presently after their
Nicholas Faringdon was never Sheriffe, yet foure times Maior of
this City, and so of other; which reprooveth a by-word, Such a one
will be Maior, before he be Sheriffe, &c

Temporall Government.
These Gentlemen beare
Offices of especiall respect
in the City.
MAster Chamberlain of London,
Master Common Sergeant.
Master Town-Clarke, or Com-
mon Clarke.
The Coroner of London.
Officers belonging to the
Lord Maiors house, according
as they were first published by
Master STOWE.
  • SWord-bearer.
  • Common Hunt.
  • Common Crier.
  • Water-Bayliffe.
    • Esquires 4.
  • Coroner of London.
  • Sergeant Carvers. 3.
  • Sergeants of the Chamber. 3.
  • Sergeant of the Chanell.
  • Yeoman of the Chanell.
  • Yeomen of the water side. 4.
  • Vnder-Water-Bayliffe.
  • Yeomen of the Chamber. 2.
  • Meale-weighers. 3.
  • Yeomen of the Wood-wharfes. 2.
  • The Sword-bearers man.
  • Common Hunts men. 2.
  • Common Criers man.
  • Water-Bayliffes men. 2.
  • The Carvers man.
    • Gentle-
    • men,
    • seven.
Whereof nine of these have Live-
ries of the L. Maior, viz. The Sword-bearer
and his man, the three Carvers,
and the foure Yeomen of the Water-side.
All the rest have their Liveries
from the Chamber of London.
Thus farre after my notes delivered
by an Officer of the Lord Maiors house,
but unperfect: for I remember a Crow-
ner, an Vnder-Chamberlaine, and foure
Clarkes of the Maiors Court, and
According to a TABLE
hanging in the ancient Councell
Chamber, and their dayes
of waiting.
MAster Sword-bearer, to waite
Master Common Hunt, to
wait Mundaies, Wednesdays, Fry-
dayes and Saturdayes.
Master Common Crier, to wait
Tuesdayes, Thursdayes, Frydayes, and
Master Water-Bayliffe, to wait Mun-
dayes, Tuesdayes, Wednesdayes and
The three Sergeant Carvers, to wait
weekly, all excuses set apart.
The three Sergeants of the Cham-
ber likewise, to wait weekely, without
any excuse.
The Sergeant of the Chanell, to wait
The two Yeomen of the Chamber,
one of them to wait dayly at dinner, to
Vsher the Hall.
The foure Yeomen of the Waters
side, two of them to wait weekely, and
not to be absent.
The Yeomen of the Chanell, to wait
The Vnder-Water-Bayliffe, to wait
on Holydayes and Court dayes, if hee
goe not up the River.
The six young men, to wait dayly.
The three Meale-Weighers, to wait
on Holydayes, and Court dayes.
The two Yeomen of the Wood-Wharfe,
to wait on generall dayes.
The Forraigne-Taker, to wait like-
wise on generall dayes.
The Sheriffes of London,
their Officers.
THe Sheriffes of London, in the
yeere 1471. were appointed each
of them to have sixteene Ser-

Temporall Government.

every Sergeant to have his Yeo-
man. And six Clarkes, to wit, a Se-
condary, a Clarke of the Papers, and
foure other Clarkes, besides the Vnder-Sheriffes
Clarkes, their Stewards, But-
lers, Porters, and other in houshold
Of the Maiors and She-
riffes Liveries somewhat.
TO follow president of former
time, the Clarks of Companies
were to enquire for them of
their Companies, that would have the
Maiors Livery, their money (as a be-
nevolence given) which must be twen-
ty shillings at the least put in a purse,
with their names that gave it, and the
Wardens to deliver it to the Maior by
the first of December. For the which,
every man had then sent him foure
yards of broad Cloth, rowed or stri-
ped thwart with a different colour, to
make him a Gowne, and these were
called Rey Gownes, which was then
the Livery of the Maior, and also of the
Sheriffes; but each differing from others
in the colours.
Of older times I read, that the Offi-
cers of this City ware Gownes of party
colours, as the right side of one colour,
and the left side of another: as for ex-
ample; I reade in Bookes of accounts in
the Guild-Hall, that in the nineteenth
yeere of Henry the sixth, there was
bought for an Officers Gown two yards
of Cloth, coloured Mustard-villars (a
colour now out of use) and two yards
of Cloth coloured blue, price two shil-
lings the yard, in all eight shillings.
More, payed to Iohn Pope, Draper, for
two Gowne clothes, eight yards of two
colours eux ambo deux de Rouge (or red)
Medley Brune and Porre (or Purple) co-
lour, price, the yard two shillings.
These Gownes were for Piers Rider, and
Iohn Buckles, Clarkes of the Chamber.
More, I reade, that in the yeere 1516.
in the 7. of Henry the 8. it was agreed
by a Common Councell in the Guild-Hall,
that the Sheriffes of London should
(as they had beene accustomed) give
yeerely Reyed Gownes to the Recor-
der, Chamberlaine, Common Serge-
ant, and Common Clarke, the Sword-bearer,
Common Hunt, Water-Bayly,
Common Cryer, like as to their owne
Officers, &c.
1525. More, in the sixteenth of Hen-
the eighth, Sir William Bayly then
being Maior, made a request, for that
clothes of Ray (as hee alleaged) were
evill wrought, his Officers might bee
permitted (contrary to custome) for
that yeere to weare Gownes of one co-
lour, to the which (in a common Coun-
cell) one answered and said, Yea, it
might be permitted: and no man said
nay, and so it passed. Thus much for
party-coloured, and Ray Gownes have
I read. But for benevolence to the
Maior, I finde that of later time, each
man giving forty shillings towards his
charges, received foure yards of broad
Cloth to make him a Gowne: for Sir
Thomas White performed it in the first
yeere of Queene Mary, but Sir Tho-
mas Lodge
gave (in stead of foure yards
of broad Cloth) three yards of Satten
to make them Dubblets, and since that,
the three yards of Satten is now tur-
ned into a silver Spoone, and so it hath
The order observed by the
Lord Maior, the Aldermen, and
Sheriffes for their meetings, and
wearing of their Apparell through-
out the whole yeere.
Vpon Midsummer day, for
the election of the Sheriffes
of LONDON, &c.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder-
men (with the Sheriffes) meet
at the Guild-Hall,
Their morning meeting at the Guild-Hall.
at eight of
the clocke in the morning, apparelled
in their violet coloured Gownes lined,
and their Cloakes of Scarlet lined, but
without their horses.

Temporall Government.

And when they have beene together
in the Councell Chamber a certaine
time, concerning the nomination of
certaine persons to bee elected: the
Lord Maior and the Aldermen come
forth, and put on their Cloakes in the
Orphanes Court, and then goe downe
in order to the Hustings Court,
What is done in the Hust-
Court after the Speech of Master Re-
being set, Master Recorder ariseth, and
standing forth before the Bench and
Companies, for the same cause there
assembled; having done his obeisance
first to the Court, and then to them all:
he declareth unto them, the reason why
they are thus there assembled together:
Shewing unto them, that it is for the e-
lection of one of the Sheriffs of London,
and the Sheriffe of Middlesex for the
yeere next ensuing: As also the confir-
mation of the other Sheriffe, nomina-
ted by the Lord Maior according to his
prerogative. Then afterward, is the
choice and election of Master Cham-
berlaine of London, and of other Offi-
But first, the Lord Maior and Alder-
men go up into the Lord Maiors Court,
The na-
ming and chusing of the She-
riffe by voyce and hands.
and there remaine, untill the Sheriffe
be named and chosen, the doore being
fast shut to them all the while.
Then the Sheriffes, Master Cham-
berlaine, Master Common Sergeant,
Master Towne-Clarke, and the Coun-
cellors of the City, and other Officers,
continue still in the Hustings Court, to
take and receive the name of him, that
shall seeme (by their judgements) free-
ly, and without consent to be nomina-
ted and elected, and justly tryed out,
not only by voyce, but also by hands, to
be Sheriffe for the yeere following.
Then the Commons goe to the ele-
ction of Master Chamberlaine;
The electi-
on of Ma-
ster Cham-
berlaine. and other Officers.
two Bridge-Masters; the Auditors of
the City and Bridge-house accounts;
and the Surveyors for Beere and Ale,
according to the accustomed manner.
That done, the Sheriffes, Master
Chamberlaine, Master Common Ser-
geant, Master Towne-Clarke, the
Councellors of the City,
The certi-
fying of the She-
riffes choice.
the two Se-
condaries of the Compters, and the
Wardens of the head or chiefe Com-
panies (Master Common Cryer going
before them, bearing his Mace) thus
they carry up the report to the Lord
Maior and Aldermen, concerning what
they have done in their election.
Which report being received, the
Lord Maior and Aldermen came down
againe to the Hustings Court.
Their comming downe a-
gaine to confirme the Electi-
there being in order set and placed,
Master Recorder standeth up againe, as
he did before, and maketh rehearsall of
the names of those persons, whom they
have nominated and chosen. Then hee
demandeth of them, whether it bee
their free election, yea or no? Which
they confirming to be their free choice,
Master Recorder giueth them thankes:
And so they arise, and all depart thence
for the Fayre in Smithfield.
THE Aldermen meete the Lord
Maior and the Sheriffes at the
Guild-hall Chappell,
Meeting at the Guild-Hall Chap-
at two
of the clocke after dinner, having on
their violet Gownes lined, and their
horses, but without their cloakes, and
there they heare Evening Prayer.
Which being done, they mount on
their horses, and riding to Newgate,
passe forth of the Gate.
A Procla-
mation in the Cloth-Fayre.
Then entring
into the Cloth-Fayre, there they make
a Proclamation, which Proclamation
being ended, they ride thorow the
Cloth-Fayre, and so returne backe a-
gaine thorow the Church-yard of great
Saint Bartholomewes to Aldersgate: And
then ride home againe to the Lord Ma-
iors House.
for the Wrastling.
SO many Aldermen as doe dine
with the Lord Maior,
The mee-
ting at the Lord Ma-
iors house on Bartho-
and the
Sheriffes, are apparelled in their
Scarlet Gownes lined; and after din-
ner, their horses are brought to them
where they dined. And those Alder-
men which dine with the Sheriffes, ride
with them to the Lord Maiors house
for accompanying him to the Wrast-
ling. When as the Wrastling is

Temporall Government.

done, they mount their horses, and ride
backe againe thorow the Fayre, and so
in at Aldersgate, and then home againe
to the Lord Maiors house.
The next day (if it be not Sunday) is
appointed for the Shooting,
The Shoo-
ting day.
and the
service performed as upon Bartholomew
day: but if it bee Sunday, the Sabbath
day, it is referred to the Munday then
For the day of our LADY
Fayre in Southwarke.
THE Lord Maior and the She-
riffes ride to S. Magnus Church
in their Scarlet Gownes lined,
The Lord Maior weareth his Collar of Esses, without Hood, and the Sword beater weareth the em-
broiderd Cap, and carryeth the Pearle Sword.

without their cloaks, after dinner at two
of the clocke; and there the Aldermen
meet the L. Maior: when evening Pray-
er is ended, they ride thorow the Faire,
till they come unto St. Grorges Church,
and then ride further to Newington
Bridge, or to St. Thomas of Waterings
to the Stones that point out the Liber-
ties of the City (if it bee so their plea-
sures) and they then returne backe a-
gaine unto the Bridge-house, where
they refresh themselves with a Ban-
quet. Then returning over the Bridge,
the Aldermen take their leave of the
Lord Maior, and depart the next way
every one unto his own house. After all
this is done, & the Lord Maior brought
home: his Officers have a supper pro-
vided for them by the Bridge-Masters.
For swearing the Sheriffes
upon Michaelmas Eve.
WHat day soever it falleth
Their me-
ting at the Sheriffes houses.
so many of the Alder-
men as are bidden to din-
ner at either of the Sheriffes houses,
come thither first to breakefast, or else
to drinke, at eight of the clocke in the
morning, in their violet coloured
Gownes furred, and their violet cloaks,
which are brought with them, without
their horses. But if the Sheriffe bee an
Alderman; then they must put on their
Cloakes, and the Sheriffe likewise his
If the She-
riffe be an Alderman, or not.
and so hee goes on to the
Guild-Hall, betweene two Aldermen
wearing their gray Cloakes. But if the
Sheriffe be no Alderman: then hee is
to come thither betweene two of the
Aldermen without Cloakes, and the
Sheriffe wearing his Livery Gowne
and Hood. After he is sworne, then he
is to put on his violet Gown and Cloak
and his Chaine thereon. All which be-
ing done, the Aldermen are to bring
him home to his dwelling place to din-
ner, wearing their cloakes: and after
dinner, they may take their plea-
Vpon Michaelmas day,
for the election of the
Lord Maior.
ALL the Aldermen meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes,
Their meeting at Guild-Hall in the morning by eight of the clocke.
eight of the clocke in the mor-
ning at the Guild-Hall, wearing their
Scarlet Gownes and Cloakes furred, ri-
ding on their horses. And after they
have beene a certaine time together in
the Councell Chamber; they come
forth into the Orphans Court, where
putting on their Cloakes, they goe in
order to the Chappell, there to heare
Service and a Sermon: where also the
Lord Maior (with certaine Aldermen)
receive the Communion.
After that the Communion is ended,
and they have delivered their Offrings,
The man-
ner of pro-
ceeding to the electi-
on of the L. Maior.

they returne backe into the Councell
Chamber, and pausing there a while,
they come to the place where the court
of Hustings is kept. Being there set in
Master Recorder ariseth up, and
making his obeisance first to the Lord
Maior, and after to the Commons, he
declareth unto them, that the manner
of this ancient custome is well knowne
unto them, as also the reason of their
assembly: and thus meeting together of
the severall Companies in London,
which is, for the election of the Lord
Maior for the yeere ensuing:
From the time of King Ri-
the first, to this instant yeere.
unto them divers grants from the Kings
Progenitors, for this their election from
time to time. That done, the Lord
Maior and the Aldermen goe up again

Temporall Government.

into the Lord Maiors Court: and there
remain (the doors fast shut unto them)
untill the election shall be brought un-
to them.
Then standeth up Master Common
Sergeant, having the Sheriffes standing
on either side of him; and by the She-
riffes, Master Chamberlaine, Master
Towne-Clarke, the two Secondaries of
the Compters, and the Councellors of
the Citty, in the said Hustings Court
before the Commons. At that time,
the said Common Sergeant maketh a
briefe rehearsall of those former presi-
dents which Master Recorder had be-
fore delivered to them, saying; There
remained no more now for him to say,
but onely to put them in remembrance
in what order and sort they should car-
ry themselves in their election.
Advice gi-
ven them what they are to doe in their e-
namely, how they are to nominate and
chuse two: of the which two, the Lord
Maior and the Aldermen must confirm
one. Those two being nominated, e-
lected and chosen; Master Common
Sergeant, the Sheriffes (with the rest
before-named) and certain of the prime
Wardens of the chiefe Companies, go
up to the Lord Maior and Aldermen,
and there present the names of those
two men, which the Commons have
nominated in their election.
Then the Lord Maior and the Al-
dermen proceed by Scrutiny,
One of the two nomi-
nated per-
sons is e-
lected by Scrutiny.
to elect
one of those two persons, which the
said Commons had before nominated.
Then commeth downe the Lord Maior
againe to the Hustings Court, and hee
(whom they have chosen) goeth on his
left hand; and so the Lord Maior and
Aldermen sit downe againe in order.
But hee who is chosen, sitteth next unto
the Lord Maior on his left hand. Then
standeth up Master Recorder, and rea-
deth unto them the names of such per-
sons whom they have nominated and
chosen. Of which, the Lord Maior and
the Aldermen have admitted one,
whose name is N. demanding of them,
whether it be their free election,
The free-
dome of the par-
ties electi-
or no.
Then the Commons affirming it to bee
their free choice: the Sword-bearer
steppeth to him, and taketh off his Tip-
pet, which he hath for his labour, and
putteth on his Chaine. And the Mai-
or so lately elected, standing upon the
Hustings Court,
The brea-
king up of the Court.
given them thankes,
&c. which being done, the old Maior
doth likewise give them thankes, &c.
Then they arise up, putting off their
cloakes, and the Lord Maior hath the
Lord Elect riding with him, to the el-
dest Sheriffes to dinner.
For presenting the Lord
Maior Elect to the Lord Chan-
cellor, or Keeper.
THen after dinner,
How the Lord E-
lect goeth attended to his pre-
the Lord E-
lect goeth to the Lord Chancel-
lor, if he be at home at his place
or neere unto it, attended with five or
sixe of the Aldermen, and Master Re-
corder also with him, they wearing
their violet Gownes, passing either by
land or by water, according as fitteth
with conueniencie of the Lord Chan-
cellors dwelling place. The Common
Hunt, with the extraordinary Officers,
and those that be at liberty, doe also at-
tend on him.
The morrow after Micha-
elmas day, for the new Sheriffes
going to Westminster to bee
sworne there.
ALL the Aldermen are to meet
at the two new Sheriffes houses
in the morning at eight of the
Meeting at the two new She-
riffes hou-
ses in the morning.
wearing their violet Gownes
furred, without their cloakes, yet ha-
ving their horses there ready. But the
Lord Maior, Master Recorder, and the
two Sheriffes, must weare their Scarlet
Gownes furred, and their cloakes carri-
ed with them to Westminster. First, they
ride to them Guild-Hall, and from thence
to the Vinetree, and there taking Barge,
land at Westminster-Bridge, and in the
Hall they put on their cloakes;
The swea-
ring of the new She-
riffes, and the old ones deli-
vering their ac-
goe they up into the Exchequer, where
the two new Sheriffs be presented, and
the old sworne to their account.
Then they put off their cloakes, and
take Barge, landing againe at the Vine-
, where they mount their horses.
And the Lord Maior rideth to the eldest

Temporall Government.

Sheriffes to dinner; Master Recorder
& the Sheriffes riding next to the Lord
Maior. The two Sheriffes carrying two
white rods in their hands, and their
Hench-men going after them.
The ancient Order for the
day of Simon and Iude.
THe old Lord Maior is to have so
many of the Aldermen,
The fet-
ching of the old Lord Mai-
or from his owne house.
as are
appointed to dine with him
that day, come to his house by eight of
the clock in the morning, wearing their
violet Gownes furred, with their violet
cloakes furred, and their horses atten-
ding. Then the Sheriffes come to fetch
him and them to the Guild-Hall, and
there abide in the Councell Chamber,
untill the comming of the new Lord
Maior, and the rest of the Aldermen,
with the Companies of either the
Lords old and new going before them.
After they haue continued in the
Councell Chamber a certaine space of
time, they come forth into the Or-
phanes Court, where they put on their
furred cloakes, and then goe downe to
the Hustings Court, where being set in
order, the common Cryer maketh Pro-
clamation, commanding every man to
keep silence.
Then Master Towne-Clarke giveth
the new elected Lord his Oath,
The new Lord Mai-
or taketh his Oath in the Hu-
stings Court, and the ceremo-
nies there done.
when he hath taken, the old Lord Mai-
or ariseth, and giveth the new Lord his
place, the old Lord sitting downe where
the new Lord was placed. Then Ma-
ster Chamberlaine first delivereth to
him the Scepter, next the Keyes of the
common Seale; and lastly, the Seale of
the office of the Maioralty. Afterward,
Master Sword-bearer giveth him the
Sword. And then they arise, put off
their Cloakes, and the old Lord rideth
home with the new Lord to his place,
and there leaveth him, and so many of
the Aldermen as dine with him. The
old Lord (with the rest of the Alder-
men) ride home to his house, the Sword
being carried before him. And so after
dinner, the Aldermen depart home at
their pleasure.
On the morrow after the
day of Simon and Iude, for the new
Lord Maior his going to take his
Oath at Westminster.
ALL the Aldermen and the She-
riffes meet at the new Lords
Meeting at the new Lord Mai-
ors house.
by eight a clocke in the
The new Lord wea-
reth a vel-
vet Hood and the rich Col-
ler: the Sword bearer the Cap of Mainte-
wearing their Scarlet Gowns
furred, and their Cloakes, and their
Horses there attending on them; from
thence they ride to the Guild-Hall, with
the Batchelers and Livery, as also the
Gentlemen Vshers of the new Lords
Company, going in decent order be-
fore him.
But before this,
The old Lord ri-
deth alone to the Guild-Hall, but wea-
reth his velvet Hood.
the old Lord rideth
alone from his owne place to the Guild-Hall,
having no Officers to wait upon
him, except the Common Hunt, as a
Gentleman Vsher going before him,
and those Officers that are at liberty,
as also the Common Hunts man (with
his owne men following him) and so
he tarrieth at the Hall.
And after they be all come together,
they mount on their horses, riding on
to the Vine-tree, where they take Barge
to Westminster Bridge, where when they
are landed,
The or-
ders and ceremo-
nies per-
formed at West-
the Lord Maior and Al-
dermen put on their Cloakes within
the Palace, and then goe round about
the Hall, where they performe many
courtefies, going vp afterward into the
the Exchequer Chamber to be sworne.
When the Oath is taken in the Exche-
quer, they returne downe againe, and
goe first to the Kings Bench, then to
the Common-Pleas, and so putting off
their Cloakes, walke about the Kings
Tombes in Westminster Abbey, and then
returne to take Barge againe.
Being landed at London,
The ser-
vice done to him at London, af-
ter his lan-
all the seve-
rall Companies of the City, who had
honoured him in their Barges to West-
and backe againe, doe likewise
performe their attending service, as he
(with the Aldermen) ride on to the
Guild-Hall to dinner. Full well may
this be called a Feast, and ranked next
in Honour to Saint Georges Feast: For
the Honourable Lords of his Highnesse
Privie Councell, other Lords, Barons,

Temporall Government.

Iudges, Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gen-
tlewomen, with forraigne Ambassadors
and Strangers, dine there as invited
Guests. And therefore it is desertfully
The Lord Maiors Feast.
The Lord Maiors Feast.
At their comming into the Hall, the
new Lord Maior, with two of the anci-
entest Aldermen,
What or-
der is ob-
served at the Guild-Hall in welcom-
ming the Guests.
Master Recorder, and
the Sheriffes, goe vp to the Lords Ta-
ble to bid them welcome, as they doe
the like to all the other guests, Lords,
Ladies, and other. From thence they
goe to the Lady Maioresse her Table,
the Gentlewomens, and the Iudges;
and then the said new Lord Maior (and
they with him) goe into the Chamber-
laines Office, where he dineth. Con-
cerning the old Lord Maior, so soone
as they come into the Hall, hee goeth
vp to the high Table in the Hustings,
and there keepeth the State for that
Feast. When the Hall is served with
the seconds, then the new Lord Maior
goeth with Master Recorder, and those
Aldermen that dined with him, to bid
the old Lord, and all the Companies
or Guests in the Hall welcome.
Then after dinner he rideth with the
Aldermen to Pauls,
Order ob-
served af-
ter din-
ner, and for going to Pauls.
the Companies
waiting, and standing in their due pla-
ces for his comming.
For going to PAVLS on
All-Saints day, Christmas day,
Twelfe day, and Candlemas day.
ALL the Aldermen and the She-
riffes come to the Lord Maiors
The new and old Lords weare both of them their blacke vel-
vet Hoods, and the Sword-
bearer the Hat of Mainte-
in their Scarlet Gownes
furred, and their Cloakes, as also their
Horses brought thither with them.
From thence they ride to the Guild-Hall,
the Company belonging to the
Lord Maior, and the band of Batche-
lers, with their Gentlemen Vshers wal-
king orderly before him; and there
they heare Evening Prayer. When
Prayer is ended, then they ride thence
to Pauls Church, where both the new
Lord Maior and the old put on their
An anci-
ent cu-
stome ob-
served in Pauls Church.
and goe vp into the Quire,
where they sit to heare the Sermon.
Which being done, they walke about
the Church, and put off their Cloakes
where they did put them on. Then
they mount on their Horses againe, and
the Aldermen, with the Companies
and Batchelours bring the Lord Maior
home to his house: where they have
Spice-bread and Hypocrasse, and so
take leave of the Lord Maior. Here is
further to be vnderstood, that All-Saints
day is the last day of the old Lords ri-
ding with the new in this manner.
On Saint Thomas day.
THe Lord Maior,
If it bee not Sun-
and every Al-
derman likewise, is to sit in the
Ward belonging to him, about
such businesse as is then necessarily re-
quired to be done. Each of them is to
weare his Violet Gowne and Cloake
FOr the Christmas holydayes,
No Cloak to bee worne with their Scarlet.
Twelfe day, if the Lord Maior and
Aldermen go abroad to any pub-
like meeting, they are to weare Scar-
let. But on the working dayes, with-
in compasse of the Twelve dayes, if the
Lord Maior goe to the Guild-Hall, Mar-
kets, or Streets, then he and they weare
VPon Innocents day,
No State is obser-
the Alder-
men dine at the Lord Maiors
and the Sheriffes, wearing
Scarlet: but the Ladies weare blacke.
For Munday after
Twelfe day.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder-
men meet at the Guild-Hall by
eight of the clocke in the mor-
tures of the Ward-
mote En-
wearing their furred Scarlet
Gownes, and their furred Cloakes,

Temporall Government.

but using no Horses. Then and there
they receive of their severall Wards,
their sealed Indentures of the Ward-
mote Enquests: And take the Oathes
of the Constables and Scavengers.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder-
men meet at Pauls Crosse at
one of the clocke in the after-
Pauls-Crosse Sermon on Good-Fryday: The Black Sword.
to heare the Sermon for that
day appointed: they then wearing their
Pewke Gownes, and without their
Chaines and Tippets.
For Munday and Tues-
day in Easter weeke.
ALL the Aldermen and Sheriffs
come unto the Lord Maiors
dwelling house,
A Hood for the L. Maior.
before eight of
the clock in the morning, to breakfast,
wearing their Scarlet Gownes furred,
and their cloakes, as also their horses
attending. When breakefast is en-
The Cap or Hat of Mainte-
they mount on their horses, and
ride to the Spittle, the Sword and
Mace borne before the Lord Maior. Be-
ing come thither, there they put on
their Cloakes, and then sit downe in or-
der to heare the Sermon. Which be-
ing done, they ride thence homeward in
due order, till they come to the Pumpe
within Bishopsgate; and there, so ma-
ny of the Aldermen as doe dine with
the Sheriffes, take their leave of the
Lord Maior, and the rest go home with
For Wednesday in Ea-
ster weeke.
LIke as before on the other two
The last Sermon at the Spittle▪
onely reserved, that the
Lord Maior and the Aldermen
must then weare their violet Gownes,
and sutable Cloakes: But the Ladies
(on the two former daies) wearing
their Scarlet, on this day are attired in
For Lowe Sunday.
ALL the Aldermen meete the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes at
Pauls Schoole,
The Re-
hearsall Sermon.
wearing their
Scarlet Gownes furred (yet without
their Cloakes or horses) and there stay
to heare the Sermon.
For Whitsunday.
VPon Whitsunday,
Sermon at the New Church-yard.
all the Al-
dermen use to meet the Lord
Maior and the Sheriffes at the
new Church-yard by Moore-fields:
wearing their Scarlet Gownes lined,
without Cloakes, to heare the Sermon
there appointed for that day, which be-
ing ended, they depart thence againe.
For Munday and Tuesday
in Whitsun weeke.
ALL the Aldermen are to meete
the Lord Maior and the Sheriffs
at Pauls;
If his plea-
sure be to goe.
wearing their Scarlet
Gownes, without Cloakes, to heare the
Sermon at the Crosse.
For the day of the Lord
Maiors Knighthood.
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior,
on for ei-
ther place of the Kings then being.
either at the three
Cranes (if the King then bee at
Westminster) or at Saint Mary Hill (if
the King be then at Greenewitch) by se-
ven of the clocke in the morning; wea-
ring their Scarlet Gownes; and their
Cloakes carryed with them. After
morning Prayer is ended, they take
Barge to the King his place, and there
they give attendance, untill that the
Ceremony bee finished: and then re-
turne home with the Lord Maior to

Temporall Government.
For going to Pauls the first
Sunday of every Terme.
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes
at Pauls,
The Mai-
or and Sheriffes only ride.
wearing their Scarlet
Gownes, either furred or lined, accor-
ding as the time of the yeere requireth:
but without Cloakes or Horses, when
the Terme beginneth.
For Election of Knights
and Burgesses of the
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes at
Knights and Bur-
gesses for sitting in Parlia-
by nine of the clocke
in the morning, wearing their Violet
Gownes and their Cloakes, either fur-
red or lined, according as the time of
the yeere requireth when they are to be
chosen, and they sit in the Hustings
Court, vntill the Commons doe make
choice of them. The order hath beene
observed, that they chuse Master Re-
corder for one of their Knights, and one
Gray Cloake for the other, and two
Commoners for the Burgesses: which
being done, they depart thence.
For the LORDS of the
Councell, when they come
about the Subsidies.
WHen the Lords and Com-
missioners come downe
for assesment of the Sub-
sioners for assessing the Subsi-
the Lord Maior and the Alder-
men doe weare their blacke Gownes, as
they use at other times. And the Com-
missioners are to be warned by the Of-
ficers, which doe belong to both the
For Election of Master
Chamberlaine, and the Bridge-Masters,
if any of them depart
within the yeere.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder-
Vpon death, or removing.
wearing their violet Gowns
without their Cloakes, being
seated in the Hustings Court, doe there
continue their sitting, and not remove
thence, untill such time as the Election
bee made.
At such time as a King is
to bee Crowned.
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes at
the three Cranes in the Vinetree,
How the L. Maior and Al-
dermen are appa-
relled for such a so-

according to the houre of their sum-
mons appointed. The Lord Maior (for
that time of service & attendance) wea-
reth a Crimosin Velvet Gowne, a Col-
ler of Esses and Scepter, but no Cloake.
The Aldermen weare their Scarlet
Gownes, and their Cloaks carried with
them, either furred or lined, according
as the season of the yeere requireth.
There taking Barge, they land at West-
, and there they give attendance
in the Exchequer Chamber (being ser-
ved with Cakes and Wine) vntill they
be called by the Heraulds: and then
they put on their Cloakes.
At what times the Lord
Maior weareth his Cloake.
FRom Michaelmas to Whitson-
ning up-
on Micha-
elmas E-
Violet furred: and from
Whitsontide to Michaelmas,
Scarlet lined.
The Lord Maior, and those Knights
that have borne the office of the Maio-

Temporall Government.

ought to have their Cloakes fur-
red with Gray Amis. And those Al-
dermen that have not beene Maiors,
are to have their Cloakes furred with
And likewise,
A very necessary observa-
such as have been Mai-
ors, are to have their Cloaks lined with
changeable Taffata: and the rest are to
have their Cloakes lined with greene
For the first day of every
Quarter Sessions.
THe first day of every Quarter
Sessions (in the forenoone only)
the Lord Maior and the She-
riffes weare their violet Gownes and
Cloakes furred. But at Midsummer
Quarter Sessions, the first day, they
weare Violet Gownes and Scarlet
Cloakes: and on the other dayes Black.
For the buriall of
THe Aldermen are to weare their
Violet Gownes,
The last love, duty, and cere-
mony one to ano-
except such as
have (of their friends allowance)
blacke Gownes, or mourning. When
an Alderman dieth, Master Sword-
bearer is to have a blacke Gowne, or
three and thirty shillings and foure
pence in money. And if the Alder-
man deceased doe give the Lord Mai-
or mourning, then Master Sword-bea-
rer is to have mourning also, or forty
shillings in money, as the value there-
of, and so to carry the Sword in blacke
before the Lord Maior.
Master Chamberlaine is not to weare
his Tipper, but when the Lord Maior
or Aldermen doe weare their Scarlet
or Violet.
At the Nomination of
an Alderman.
FOr the Nomination of an Alder-
ting an Alderman▪
the Lord Maior weareth his
black Gowne, and violet Cloake,
and both the Sheriffes their blacke
For the Orphanes Court.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder-
men doe meet at the Guild-Hall,
On the day, and at the houre ap-

wearing their Violet Gownes
without Cloakes: but the Lord Maior
ought to weare his Cloake. The Com-
mon Cryer is the Warner of this Court.
Orders taken and enacted
for Orphans and their Porti-
ons. Anno 1580.
AD Commune Concilium, ten-
tum in Guildhaldia Civitatis
Londini, xiij. die Octob. Anno
Regni Edvardi sexti, Dei gratia An-
gliae, Franciae, & Hiberniae Regis, fidei
defensoris, & in terra Ecclesiae An-
glicanae, & Hibernicae supremi capitis,
quinto: coram Andrea Iudde Mi-
lite, tunc Maiore, & Aldermannis
Civitatis illius, ordinata sunt inter
alia, inactitata, concessa & stabilita,
omnia & singula subsequentia.
FOr as much as the City of London
is of late yeeres sore decayed, and
dayly is like to decay more and
more: A great cause and occasion wher-
of, among other, hath beene, for that
freemens children (Orphans of the said
City) sometimes in the lives of their
Parents, and sometimes after their de-
ceases, being left wealthy and rich, doe
bestow themselves in ungodly Marria-
ges, for the most part in their young
age, at their owne wills and pleasures,
without the consent, and against the
mindes of their friends, saying and af-
firming, that the Law and Custome of
the said City giveth unto them their
portions, whether they marry by the
assent of their friends or not, and so doe
dayly cast away and undoe themselves,
in trust to have their said Portions,

Temporall Government.

whether their parents or friends will or
will not.
And thereby doe they bestow them-
selves upon simple and light persons,
having neither cunning, knowledge,
substance, nor good or honest conditi-
ons. By reason whereof, such Orphans,
inordinately, and insolently, doe spend
and consume their patrimony and por-
tions in short time, not onely to the un-
doing of themselves, and to the great
ignomy and shame of their friends, but
also to the great slander of the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of this City (who
been reputed and taken as Fathers and
Protectors of the same Orphanes) and
to the great losse and hindrance of the
said City.
And for as much as the said Lord
Maior and Citizens, have by their
lawes, and customes, power and autho-
rity to make lawes and ordinances, by
their Common Councel, for redresse of
the same:
It is therefore now (to the intent to
reduce the same to a more godly, more
profitable and decent order and confor-
mity) by the said Lord Maior, & Com-
minalty, and Citizens, in this present
Common Councell assembled, and by
authority of the said Common Coun-
cell, enacted, ordained, authorized, and
established for a law perpetually to bee
observed and kept within the said Ci-
ty: That if any Orphane, or child of any
free man or free woman of the said Ci-
ty, doe offend in any the things hereaf-
ter expressed, and bee thereof lawfully
convicted, afore the Lord Maior and
the Aldermen or else where, that then
they and every of them, shall to all en-
tents, purposes, constructions and mea-
nings, be unabled and barred to demand
and claime their portion or portions,
and also shall lose and forgoe and bee
barred for euer, of all and every his, her
or their part or parts, and portions to
him or them belonging, by and after
the death of his or their said father or
mother, of the goods and cattals, of e-
very such father and mother, by reason
of any law, custome, ordinance, usage,
franches, priviledge, act of Common
Councell, or other thing, heretofore had
or used, within the said City: The same
Law, Custome, Ordinance, or other
thing whatsoe’re, heretofore had, made,
ordained, allowed, and put in ure, to
the contrary in any wise notwithstan-
ding. That is to wit: First, if any man-
child, or woman-child, shall maliciously
goe about or attempt to doe, or cause
to be done, any bodily harme, death, or
destruction to his or their Father or
Mother: Or if any man-child doe here-
after marry or contract marriage in the
life of his father or mother (by whom
he will claime any portion) under the
age of one and twenty yeeres, without
the consent of his said Father, or Mo-
ther, by whom he will claime any por-
tion: Or if any woman-child doe here-
after marry or contract marriage, in the
life of her father, or other parent, by
whom she shall claime any portion, be-
fore the age of eighteene yeeres, with-
out the consent of her father, or such o-
ther parent by whom shee shall or may
claime any portion: Or if any man-child
be a Theefe, or a Fellon, or a com-
mon whore-hanter; a common Diser, or
a common player at unlawfull games
notoriously known: Or if any woman-
child shal hereafter commit any whore-
dome, or bee a common Picker, that
then every of the persons so offending,
shall be barred and excluded to have, or
demand any portion.
Provided alwaies, that it shall bee
lawfull for the father, or mother of any
such child, or children, to give and be-
queath in Legacy, to such child or chil-
dren, as much as the portion of such
childe so offending shall amount unto,
by the custome of the said City, & then
such child therby to be enabled to have
and demand the same, as portion, this
Act notwithstanding, so that the same
Legacy bee contained in his or their re-
stament in writing, and not otherwise.
And that then, and from thenceforth
his said child or children, to be admit-
ted and restored to claime such legacy,
or legacies, in such sort, manner and
forme, as if there had beene never any
such offence done, or committed by any
such childe.
Item, it is further ordained, enacted,
authorized and established, by the au-
thority aforesaid, that if any woman-
child, being an Orphane, and under the
age of one and twenty yeeres, at any

Temporall Government.

time hereafter, after the death of her
Father, doe ensure or contract her selfe
in marriage, or else according to the Ec-
clesiasticall lawes of this Realme, doe
perfitly solemnize or consummate Mar-
riage, with any free man of this City,
the consent and agreement of the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of this said City
of London for the time being, not obtai-
ned and had, that then for every such
default and offence committed or done
by any Orphane, or Orphanes, of the
said City, the same being confessed, or
sufficiently proved by two witnesses;
or otherwise before the said Lord Maior
and Aldermen of this said City of Lon-
, for the time being, at and in a
Court of Aldermen, she or they that so
happen to behave her or themselves, as
is aforesaid, shall forfeit, forgoe and
lose two pence of and for every pound,
so due or to bee due unto her, or them,
by reason of any such Orphanage, the
summe of twelve pence of every pound,
to goe, or to be to the use of the Cham-
ber of the said City, according to the
ancient custome before this time, in such
case used.
And if the said contract or marriage
of the said Orphane or Orphanes, bee
made with any forreine, not being free
of this City, at the time of any such
contract or marriage made, that then
the said Orphan or Orphans, and every
of them shall forfeit and lose three shil-
lings of every pound, or to be due unto
her or them, by vertue of any Orpha-
nage or custome had and used within
the said City.
The one shilling of the said three
shillings of every pound, to goe, or to
be, to the use of the Chamber of the
said City, in such manner and forme as
is aforesaid.
And the other two shillings so for-
feited of every pound, to goe to the use
of such other Orphane, or Orphanes, as
then shall remaine unmarried. Or else
for default of such Orphans, or Orphan,
to remaine to the next of the kindred of
the Orphane so offending.
Also, be it further ordained, enacted,
and established by authority aforesaid,
for, & in eschewing of divers variances,
contentions, and suits, that daily here-
tofore have, and hereafter may ensue:
that if any free mans child, man or wo-
man fortune to bee married hereafter,
in the life time of his, or their father,
by his consent, and not fully advanced
of, and to his, or her full part, or porti-
on of his or her said Fathers goods, as
he shall be worth at the time of his de-
cease, according to the ancient lawes
and customes of this said City: that
then every such free mans child, so be-
ing married in the life time of his, or
her Father, shall bee to all intents and
purposes, disabled to demand any fur-
ther part or portion of his or her fathers
goods, after the decease of his, or her
father, but shall be adjudged, reputed,
and taken to be fully advanced, accor-
ding as the law and custome of this Ci-
ty hath beene long time out of minde,
except his or her said father doe men-
tion certainely in his last Will or Testa-
ment, or by other writing signed with
his owne proper name, or marke the
certainety of the summe or summes of
money, goods and cattels, and the va-
lue of them that the Father gave, pay-
ed or departed withall, or otherwise as-
sured, or hereafter shall give, pay, depart
withall, or otherwise make assurance of
unto him, or her, before, at or after the
marriage of him or her, or otherwise in
his life time, for and towards their ad-
vancements, in the name of his, or her
part, or portion.
And then every such Orphane, or
child, which after the decease of his or
her said father, can bring forth the said
Testament, or other writing signed or
marked with the fathers hand or mark,
wherein the certainety of such money,
goods, or cattels, as they have or shall
have received of their said Father, or by
the same Father, assured by especialty,
or otherwise, shall have asmuch of the
ready money, goods, cattels, and debts
of the said Father, as (with that which
he or they shall have received towards
their advancements, in the life of their
said Father) shall make up a full childs
part, of his goods and cattels, as he shall
bee worth at the time of his decease.
The same to be demanded, asked, and
claimed, or sued for against the execu-
tor, or executors, administrator, or ad-
ministrators, of the goods, and cattels
of the said Father, by bill Originall, to

Temporall Government.

be commenced to our Soveraigne Lord
the Kings Court, holden in the vtter
Chamber of the Guild-Hall of the said
City, before the said L. Maior and Al-
dermen of the same City for the time
being, any Law or Custome heretofore
made or used to the contrary notwith-
standing. In which action, no wager of
Law, or Essoine, shall bee admitted or
Provided alway, and it is further en-
acted, that if any freee mans sonne, be-
ing of full age (which shall hereafter
be married with the consent of his Fa-
ther, or any other person, being of full
age, which shall hereafter marry any
free mans daughter) doe at the time of
the Espousals, or any time after, con-
fesse themselves by writing fully satis-
fied, of his or their portion, or doe
otherwise acquit and discharge the Fa-
ther of such free mans sonnes or daugh-
ters, of all their part and portion due,
or to be due, by the Law and Custome
of the City; that then every such per-
son, so confessing, acquitting, or other-
wise discharging, shall be reputed and
taken as fully advanced of his or their
whole part or portion, and shall not be
enabled to demand any further or grea-
ter part of the substance, goods, and
cattels of his or her Father: this Law,
or any other Law or Custome hereto-
fore had, made, or used to the contrary
And further, for as much as it is
thought very prejudiciall and hurtfull
to the fatherlesse children & Orphans,
when the mother, or mother in Law,
being Executrix of the last Will and
Testament of her late husband, by
whom, and after whose death, the Or-
phanes are intituled to an Orphanage,
(according to the said laudable Cu-
stomes of this City) doe divers times
marry, or contract Matrimony, some
with Forriners, and persons unknowne,
and some with Free men, or ever a just
Inventory of the Goods, Cattels, Plate,
Iewels, ready Money of the Testators,
be by them brought in: By reason wher-
of, many times they (either for feare or
affection of their husbands, or for some
other sinister cause) doe bring in very
suspicious Inventories, omitting there-
in either ready Money, Plate, Iewels,
or Debts, or some other thing or things,
whereby some benefit should redound
to the fatherlesse children, to the great
losse and hinderance of the Orphanes,
and sometimes slander to the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of the City, not-
withstanding their great care and tra-
vaile that they take for the good orde-
ring, and true answering of the said
It is therefore, by like authority, or-
dained, established, and enacted, that
if after the first day of November next
ensuing, any Widow, which is, or shall
be made Executrix of the Testament &
last Will of her late Husband (being a
free man) or shall take upon her the ad-
ministration of the Goods and Cattels
of her late Husband (being a free man)
doe not upon her Oath bring in and
exhibit, or cause to be brought in and
exhibited before the Lord Maior and
Aldermen of this said City for the time
being, at and in a Court of Aldermen,
a just and perfect Inventory (to their
knowledge) of all the Goods, Cattels,
Plate, and Jewels, ready Money, and
Debts, as were her said Husbands at
the time of his death, appraysed accor-
ding to the Law of the said City, be-
fore she do ensure her selfe in marriage,
or contract marriage, or else according
to the Lawes of the Realme, doe per-
fectly solemnize or consummate marri-
age with any person before such time
as aforesaid, that then every person so
offending, shall forfait and lose eight
shillings of every pound, of her Por-
tion, of the goods of her late Husband,
due to her by the laudable Custome of
the said City, the same to goe to the
use of such Orphane, or Orphanes, as
then shall bee intituled to have or de-
mand any Orphanage or Portion, after
the death of his or her late Father▪ the
same to be demanded, asked, claimed,
or sued for, against such Executrix, or
Administratrix, by Bill originall of
debt, to bee commenced in our Sove-
raigne Lord the Kings Court, holden
in the vtter Chamber of the Guild-Hall
of the said City, before the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of the same Ci-
ty for the time being, any Law, &c. In
which action no wager, &c.

Temporall Government.
For the election of Gover-
nours at Christs Hospitall, &c.
FOr the election of Governours
belonging to the severall Hospi-
At time and place appoin-
the Lord Maior and the Al-
dermen do weare their blacke Gownes.
A Note of Observation.
THe foure Pleaders,
Festivall times and generall dayes.
the Cham-
berlaine, Towne-Clarke, Com-
mon Sergeant, two Judges of
the Sheriffes Court, the Secondaries,
the Vnder-Chamberlaine, and Bridge-
masters, are to attend the Lord Maior
at his house, before his going abroad on
all Festivall times, and generall dayes.
Courts of Aldermen.
COurts of Aldermen in ordinary,
Court dayes, and of excep-

are kept at the Guild-Hall, every
Tuesday and Thursday thorow
the whole yeere; except Holydayes,
the moneth of August, untill Bartho-
lomew day bee past, the weeke before
Christmas, Shrove-Tuesday, and the
weeke before Easter.
The Lavves of the Market.
FIrst, in all the Markets of this
City, no Victuall shall bee sold,
but by the price set by the Maior
of this City.
2 No man shall forestall any Victuall
comming to the Market, as for to buy
in any Inne or other privy place, or yet
comming to the Market, whether it be
found in the hands of the buyer or of
the seller, under paine of forfeiture of
the same: and no Inne-holder shall
suffer nothing to bee sold in his house,
vpon paine of forfeiture of forty shil-
3 No man shall regrate any Victu-
all which is in the Market, or buy any
Victuall to ingrate in the Market, so
that the Commons can or may have
any part of such Victuall, as in especi-
all, such as be knowne for Hucksters, or
other people, occupying their living by
such Victuall as they would so ingrosse,
under paine of forfeiture of such Victu-
all so regrated: Provided alwayes, that
any Steward for any noble Feast, may
buy or ingrate such Victuall as is con-
venient for the same Feast.
4 No Butter shall be sold, but accor-
ding to the waight, for the time of the
yeere allowed.
5 No Poulters shall deceiveably
occupy the Market, to sell any stale Vi-
ctuall, or such as bee Poulters of this
City, for to stand in strange cloathing
so to doe, under paine of forty shil-
lings, and the forfeiture of such Victu-
all, forty shillings.
6 No Hucksters shall stand or sit in
the Market, but in the lower place, and
the ends of the Market, to the intent
they may be perfectly knowne, and the
Stranger-market-people have the pree-
minence of the Market, under paine of
three shillings foure pence, if the Huck-
sters disobey the same.
7 No unwholsome or stale Victuall
shall be sold under paine of xi. s. and
forfeiture of the same Victuall.

Temporall Government.
against Annoiances.
FIrst, no man shall sweepe the filth
of the Street into the Chancell of
the City, in the time of any raine,
or at any other time, under paine of six
shillings eight pence.
2 No man shall cast, or lay in the
Streets, Dogs, Cats, or other Carren,
or any noysome thing contagious of
Aire. Nor no Inholder shall lay out
dung out of his house, but if the Cart
bee ready to carry the same away in-
continently, under paine of forty shil-
3 No Brewer shall cast wilfully
dregs or drosse of Ale or Beere into the
Chanell, under paine of two shillings.
4 No man shall encumber the streets
with Timber, Stones, Carts, or such
like, under paine of forfeiture of the
same thing that so encumbreth the
streets, which is twenty shillings fine,
if hee remove it not at the warning of
the Sergeant of the Market.
5 Euery builder of houses ought
to come to the Maior, Aldermen, and
Chamberlaine, for a speciall licence
for hourd of, by him to bee made
in the high Street, and no builder to
encumber the Streets with any manner
of thing, taking downe for the prepa-
ring of his new building, under paine
of forty shillings, except hee make a
hourd of forty shillings.
6 No man shall set any Carts in the
Streets by night time, under the paine
of twelve pence, and recompence to
such persons as shall bee hurt thereby,
if any such be, twelve pence.
7 No Budge-man shall leade but
two horses, and hee shall not let them
goe vnled, under paine of two shil-
8 No man shall ride, or drive his
Car or Cart atrot in the Street, but
patiently, under paine of two shil-
9 No man shall gallop his horse in
the Street, under paine of two shil-
10 No man shall shoot in the Street,
for Wager or otherwise, under like
paine of two shillings.
11 No man shall bowle, or cash any
stone in the Street, for wager, or gaine,
or such like, under paine of two shil-
12 No man shall dig any hole in the

Temporall Government.

Street for any matter, except hee stop
it up againe, under paine of two shil-
lings, and recompence to any person
hurt thereby, two shillings.
13 No man shall bury any dung, or
goung, within the Liberties of this Ci-
ty, under paine of forty shillings.
14 No Goungfermour shall carry
any Ordure till after nine of the Clocke
in the night, under paine of thirteene
shillings foure pence.
15 No Goungfermour shall spill
any Ordure in the Street, under paine
of thirteene shillings foure pence.
16 No man shall bait Bull, Beare,
or Horse in the open street, under paine
of twenty shillings.
17 No man shall have any Kine,
Goats, Hogs, Pigs, Hens, Cocks, Ca-
pons, or Ducks in the open Street, un-
der paine of forfeiture of the same.
18 No man shall maintaine any bi-
ting Curs, or mad Dogs, in the streets,
under paine of two shillings, and re-
compence unto every party hurt there-
with, two shillings.
19 No Carts that shall be shod with
Spig-naile, that shall come upon the
streets of this City, under paine of three
shillings foure pence.
20 No Carts using daily carriage
within this City, nor Car shall have
Wheeles shod with any Iron, but bare,
under paine of six shillings.
21 No man shall burne any Straw,
Rushes, or other thing, Linnen or Wol-
len in the streets, by night or by day, un-
der paine of three shillings foure pence.
22 No man shall blow any Horne in
the night within this City, or Whistle
after the houre of nine of the clocke in
the night, under pain of imprisonment.
23 No man shall use to goe with Vi-
zards, or disguised by night, under like
paine of imprisonment.
24 That Night-walkers, and Eves-
droppers endure like punishment.
25 No Hammer-man, as a Smith, a
Pewterer, a Founder, and all Artificers,
making great sound, shall not worke af-
ter the houre of nine in the night, nor
afore the houre of foure in the morning,
under paine of three shil. foure pence.
26 No man shall cast into the Dit-
ches of this City, or the Sewers of this
City, without the walls, or into the
walls, Grates, or Gullets of this City,
any manner of Carren, stinking Flesh,
rotten Fish, or any Rubbish, Dung,
Sand, Gravell, Weeds, Stones, or any
other thing to stop the course of the
same, under paine of cleansing them
at his own cost and charge, under paine
of imprisonment.
27 No man shall make any Wi-
drawtes in any of the Towne-Ditches,
or the Towne-Gullets, under paine of
twenty shillings.
28 No man shall build nigh the
Walls of this City, without licence of
the Lord Maior, Aldermen, & Cham-
berlaine, under paine of throwing down
the same, and no licence may be gran-
ted, except that the Chamberlain free-
ly at all times have convenient and
needfull ingresse, and entry, going out,
and cleare recourse.
29 No man shall goe in the streets
by night or by day with Bow bent, or
Arrowes under his Girdle, nor with
Sword unscabberd, under paine of im-
prisonment; or with Hand-Gun, ha-
ving therewith Powder and Match, ex-
cept it bee in an usuall May-game or
30 No man shall after the houre of
nine at the Night, keep any rule where-
by any such sudden out-cry be made in
the still of the night, as making any
Affray, or beating his Wife, or Ser-
vant, or Singing, or Revelling in his
house, to the disturbance of his neigh-
bors, under paine of 3. shil. 4. pence.
31 No man shall make any Affray,

Temporall Government.

upon any Officer, which with good de-
meanour doth his message by comman-
dement of my Lord Maior, or any Al-
derman, or M. Sheriffes, or M. Cham-
berlaine, or misbehave himselfe in any
rayling upon any Judge of this City, or
their Officers, which by commande-
ment are sent to bring any breaker of
this Law and Custome to Ward, or to
distresse, or such like, upon paine of Im-
prisonment of forty dayes, and forfei-
ture of the double penalty: for the of-
fences asseasing, railing upon any Al-
derman, or Maior in his office, is judge-
ment of the Pillory: railing upon Ma-
ster Chamberlaine in his office, forty
dayes imprisonment: beating, threat-
ning, and railing of an Officer, is im-
prisonment, after as the trespasse is.
32 Memorandum, That every offence
found in this City, it is accustomed
that the Officer, a Free man, finding
it, which is called primus Inventor, hath
halfe the penalty by the grace of the
33 Also, every Free man may finde
any offence, but hee hath no power to
bring the party before any Judge of
this City without an Officer, except
the party will come to his answer by
free will.
34 No man hath power to Arrest,
Attach, or make distresse of any goods
forfeitable, or offences, except the Con-
stable or Sergeant of the Mace.
35 No Butcher, or his servant shall
not use to drive any Oxe or Oxen, a-
trot in the streets, but peaceably: and
ifan Oxe happen to be let goe when he
is prepared to slaughter, the Butcher
shall forfeit two shil. besides recom-
pence, if any person be hurt thereby.
36 No Butcher shall scald Hogs, but
in the common scalding house, upon
paine of six shillings eight pence.
37 No Butcher shall sell any Mea-
sell Hog, or unwholsome flesh, under
paine of ten pounds.
38 No Butcher shall sell any old
stale Victuall: that is to say, above the
slaughter of three dayes in the Winter,
and two in the Summer, under paine of
ten pounds.
39 None unreasonable Victuall for
all manner of Victuals.
40 No Victualer of this City shall
give any rude or unsetting language, or
make any clamour upon any man or
woman in the open Market, for cheap-
ning of Victuall, under paine of three
shillings foure pence.
41 No Butcher shall cast the in-
wards of Beasts into the streets, cleaves
of Beasts feet, Bones, Hornes of Sheepe,
or other such like, under paine of two
42 The Pudding-cart of the Sham-
bles shall not go afore the houre of nine
in the night, or after the houre of five
in the morning, under paine of six shil-
lings eight pence.
43 No man shall cast any Vrine-
boles, or Ordure-boles into the streets
by day or night, afore the houre of nine
in the night: And also hee shall not
cast it out, but bring it downe, and lay
it in the Chanell, under the paine of
three shillings foure pence. And if he
doe cast it upon any persons head, the
party to have a lawfull recompence, if
he have hurt thereby.
44 No man shall hurt, cut, or de-
stroy any Pipes, Sesperals, or Wind-
vents pertaining to the Conduit, un-
der paine of imprisonment, and making
satisfaction, though hee doth it out of
the City, if hee may bee taken within
the City.
45 No man within this City may
make any Quill, and breake any Pipe
of the Conduit, comming thorow his
house, or nigh his ground, under paine
of the Pillory, or take any water pri-
vily unto his house.
46 Casting any corrupt thing, ap-
poysoning the water, is Lourgulary
and Felony.
47 Who-

Temporall Government.

47 Whosoever destroy or perish
any Cocks of the Conduit, must have
imprisonment, and make satisfaction.
Old Lawes and Customes
of this City.
48 NO man shall set up shop, or
occupy as a Free-man, afore
he be sworne in the Cham-
ber of London, and admitted by the
Chamberlaine, under paine of▪
49 No man shall set over his Ap-
prentice to any other person, but by li-
cense of Master Chamberlaine, and
there to be set over, under paine of▪
50 No man which is a Forraine,
shall not buy nor sell within the liber-
ties of this City with another Forraine,
under paine of forfeiture of the goods
so forraine bought and sold.
51 No Free-man shall be disobedi-
ent for to come at Master Chamber-
laines commandement, to any sum-
mons to him given by any officer of
the Chamber, under paine of impri-
52 Master Chamberlaine hath po-
wer to send a free man to Ward, so that
he incontinently after send to the Lord
Maior, the cause why that he is puni-
shed, so that the Lord Maior release
him not, but by the Chamberlaines
assent: and if he be a great Commoner,
and disobeying to the Chamberlaine,
Master Chamberlaine may referre it to
a Court of Aldermen.
Master Chamberlaine hath autho-
rity for to send or command any Apo-
prentice to the Counter for their of-
fences: and if their offences bee great,
as in defiling their Masters houses by
vicious living, or offending his Master
by theft, or disslander, or such like, then
to command him to Newgate.
Apprentice Enrolled, his Master
payeth two shillings six pence.
Apprentice set over, hee that recei-
veth, two shillings.
Apprentice made Free, hee payeth
foure shillings.
Apprentice never Enrolled, and
made free, his Master payeth thirteene
shillings two pence.
A man made Free by his Fathers
Copy, payeth eighteene pence.
A Proclamation made in the time of
the Maioralty of Sir Michael Dormer,
An Act of Common Councell,
made in the Even of Saint Michael,
Anno Regis Henrici Octavi xxxj
. That
no person should lay any Wares in the
Street, or beyond the edge of their
Stall, upon paine of forfeiture the first
time six shillings eight pence: the se-
cond time thirteene shillings foure
pence: and the third time, the Ware so

Temporall Government.
the Wardmote Inquest:
Together with the Articles of the charge
of the said Inquest.
By the Maior.
To the Alderman of the Ward.
Wardmote Inquest for a yeere.
WEE charge and com-
mand you, that upon
Saint Thomas day the
Apostle next com-
ming, you doe hold
your Wardmote, and
that you have afore us at our generall
Court of Aldermen to be holden in the
Guild-Hall, the Munday next after the
Feast of the Epiphany next comming,
all the defaults that shall bee presented
afore you by Inquest in the said Ward-
mote, and the said Inquest shall have
full power and authority by one whole
yeere, to enquire and present all such de-
faults as shall be found within your said
Ward, as oftentimes as shal be thought
to you expedient and needfull, which
we will, shall bee once every moneth at
the least.
Inquest dying.
AND if it happen any of your
said Inquest to dye, or depart
out of your said Ward within
the said yeere, that then in place of him
or them so dying, or departing out of
your said Ward, you cause to be chosen
one able person to inquire and present
with the other in manner and forme a-
Non appearance.
AND that at the said generall
Court, you give afore us the
names and sur-names of al them
of your said Ward, that come not to
your said Wardmote, if they be duely
warned, so that due redresse and punish-
ment of them may bee had, as the case
shall require, according to the Law.
Watch, Light, Vizard.
AND that ye doe provide, that
at all times convenient, covena-
ble Watch bee kept: and that
Lanthornes with light by Nightertaile
in old manner accustomed, be hanged
forth, and that no man goe by nighter-

Temporall Government.

without light, nor with Vizard, on
the perill that belongeth thereto.
Common Councell.
AND also that you doe cause to
be chosen men of the most
sufficient, honest, and discreet
men of your said Ward, to be for your
said Ward of the Common Councell
of this City for the yeere ensuing, ac-
cording to the custome in that behalfe
yeerely used. And also that you doe
cause the said men so to be chosen to be
of the Common Councell, to be sworn
before you and in your presence, accor-
ding to the oath for them used, and of
old time accustomed, the Tenor of
which oath hereafter ensueth.
The Oath.
YE shall sweare, that ye shal
bee true to our Sove-
raigne Lord the King
that now is, and to his
heires and successors Kings of Eng-
land, and readily yee shall come when
ye be summonned to the Common Coun-
cell of this City, but if yee be reasona-
bly excused, and good and true coun-
sell ye shall give in all things, touch-
ing the Common-wealth of this City,
after your wit and cunning: and that
for favour of any person ye shall main-
taine no singular profit against the
common profit of this City, and after
that you be come to the Common Coun-
cell, you shall not from thence depart,
untill the Common Councell be ended,
without reasonable cause, or else by
the Lord Maiors License. And also
any secret things that be spoken on said
in the Common Councell, which ought
to be kept secret, in no wise you shall
disclose, as God you helpe.
Constables, Scavengers,
Beadle, Raker.
AND that also in the said Ward-
mote you cause to be chosen cer-
taine other honest persons to bee
Constables, and Scavengers, and a
common Beadle, and a Raker to make
cleane the streets and lanes of all your
said Ward, according to the custome
yeerly used in that behalfe, which Con-
stables have, and shall have full power
and authority to distraine for the sallary
and quarterage of the said Beadle
and Raker, as oftentimes as it shall bee
behinde unpaid.
Roll of names.
ALso, that you keepe a Roll of the
names, sur-names, dwelling pla-
ces, professions and trades of all
persons dwelling within your Ward
and within what Constables precinct
they dwell, wherein the place is to bee
specially noted by the street, lane, alley,
or signe.
Constable. Roll.
ALso that you cause every Con-
stable from time to time, to cer-
tifie unto you, the name, sur-
name, dwelling place, profession, and
trade of every person, who shall newly
come to dwell within his Precinct,
whereby you may make and keepe your
Roll perfect: and that you cause every
Constable for his Precinct to that pur-
pose to make and keepe a perfect Roll
in like manner.
Inholder, Lodger, Sojourner.
ALso that you give speciall charge
that every Inholder, and other
person within your Ward, who
shall receive any person to lodge or so-
journe in his house above two dayes,
shall before the third day after his com-

Temporall Government.

thither, give knowledge to the
Constable of the Precinct where hee
shall be so received, of the name, sur-
name, dwelling place, profession, and
trade of life, or place of service of such
person, and for what cause hee shall
come to reside there: and that the said
Constable give present notice thereof
to you: and that the said Inholder lodge
no suspected person, or men or women
of evill name.
Search. New commers.
ALso that you cause every Con-
stable within his Precinct, once
every moneth at the farthest,
and oftner, if need require, to make di-
ligent search and inquiry, what persons
bee newly come into his Precinct to
dwell, sojourne, or lodge: and that you
give speciall charge, that no Inholder or
other person shall resist or deny any
Constable, in making such search or in-
quiry, but shall doe his best endeavour
to aide and assist him therein.
Franke pledge.
ANd for that of late there is more
resort to the City of persons e-
vill affected in Religion, and o-
therwise than in former times have bin:
You shall diligently inquire if any man
bee received to dwell or abide within
your Ward, that is not put under frank
pledge, as he ought to be by the custome
of the City, and whether any person
hath continued in the said Ward by the
space of one yeere, being above the age
of twelve yeeres, and not sworne to bee
faithfull and loyall to the Kings Maje-
sty, in such sort as by the Law and cu-
stome of the City he ought to be.
TO all these purposes the Bea-
dle of every Ward shall em-
ploy his diligence, and give his
best furtherance.
ALso that you have speciall re-
gard that from time to time,
there be convenient provisiō for
Hooks, Ladders, and Buckets, in meet
places within the severall Parishes of
your Ward, for avoiding the perill of
ALso that the Streets and lanes of
this City, be from time to time
kept clean before every Church,
house, shop, ware-house, doore, dead
wall, and in all other common passages
and streets of the said Ward.
Hucksters of Ale and Beere.
AND where by divers acts of
Common Councell, afore time
made and established for the
Common-weale of this City, amongst
other things it is ordained and enacted,
as hereafter ensueth:
Also it is ordained and enacted, That
from henceforth no Huckster of Ale or
Beere, be within any Ward of the Ci-
ty of London, but honest persons, and of
good name and fame, and so taken and
admitted by the Alderman of the
Ward for the time being, and that the
same Hucksters doe find sufficient sure-
ty afore the Maior and Aldermen for
the time being, to bee of good guiding
and rule: and that the same Hucksters
shall keepe no bawdry, nor suffer no
letchery, dice-playing, carding, or any
other unlawfull games, to be done, ex-
ercised, or used within their houses:
and to shut in their doores at nine of the
clocke in the night from Michaelmas to
Easter, and from Easter to Michaelmas, at
tenne of the clocke in the night, and af-
ter that houre sell none Ale or Beere.
And if any Huckster of Beere or Ale,
after this act published and proclaim-
ed, sell any Ale or Beere within any
Ward of the City of London, and bee
not admitted by the Alderman of the

Temporall Government.

same Ward so to doe, or finde not suf-
ficient surety as it is above rehearsed,
the same Huckster to have imprison-
ment, and make fine and ransome for
his contempt, after the discretion of the
Maior and Aldermen: and also that
the said Hucksters suffer no manner of
common eating and drinking within
their Cellars or Vaults contrary to the
ordinance thereof ordained and provi-
ded, as in the said act more plainely ap-
peareth at large: wee charge you that
you doe put the same in due execution
Measures sealed.
AND also that ye see all Tiplers
and other sellers of Ale or Beere
as well of privy Osteries, as
Brewers and Inholders within your
Ward, not selling by lawfull measures
sealed and marked with the letter C.
crowned, according as in that behalfe it
is ordained and purveighed, bee presen-
ted, and their names in your said In-
dentures bee expressed, with their de-
faults, so that the Chamberlain may be
lawfully answer’d of their amersements.
Stranger borne.
ANd also that you suffer no stran-
ger borne out of the Realme, to
bee of the Common Councell,
nor to exercise or use any other Office
within this City, nor receive or accept
any person into your Watch, privie or
open, but Englishmen borne: and if a-
ny stranger borne out of this Realme,
made Denizen by the Kings Letters
Patents, or any other after his course
and lot be appointed to any watch, that
then ye command and compell him or
them to find in his stead and place one
Englishman to supply the same.
Billets and fire-wood.
AND also that you cause an ab-
stract of the Assize appointed by
act of Parliament, for Billers and
other fire-wood, to bee faire written in
Parchment, and to bee fixed or hanged
up in a Table in some fit and conveni-
ent place in every Parish within your
Ward, where the common people may
best see the same.
Streets. Paine 40. s.
AND furthermore we charge and
command you, that you cause
such provision to be had in your
said Ward, that all the streets and lanes
within the same Ward be from time to
time cleansed and clearely voided of or-
dure, dung, mire, rubbish, and other fil-
thy things whatsoever they be, to the a-
noyance of the Kings Majesties subjects.
AND also that at all times, as
you shall thinke necessary, you
doe cause search to bee made
within your said Ward, for all vagarant
Beggers, suspicious and idle people,
and such as cannot shew how to live,
and such as shall bee found within your
said Ward, that you cause to be puni-
shed and dealt with according to the
law and the statute in such case ordain-
ed and provided.
AND also wee will and charge
you the said Alderman, that
your selfe certifie and present
before us, at the same generall Court
to be holden the foresaid munday next
after the Feast of Epiphany, all the
names and sur-names truely written of
such persons within your said Ward, as
bee able to passe in a grand Iury by
themselves: and also all the names and
sur-names truly written of such persons,
being and dwelling within your said
Ward, as be able to passe in a petty Iu-
ry, and not able to passe in a grand Iury
by themselves, that is to say, every grand
Iury man to be worth in goods an hun-
dred Markes, and every petty Jury man
forty Markes, according to an Act in

Temporall Government.

that case made and provided: and the
same you shall indorce on the backeside
of your Indenture.
ITem, for divers reasonable and ur-
gent considerations, vs especially
moving, wee straightly charge and
command you on the King our Sove-
raigne Lords behalfe, that you dili-
gently provide and foresee, that no
manner of person or persons within
your said Ward, of what condition
or degree soever he or they be of, kee-
ping any Taverne or Ale-house, Ale-
seller or victualling house, or place of
common resort to eate and drinke in,
within the same Ward, permit or suf-
fer at any time hereafter, any common
women of their bodies, or Harlors to
resort and come into their said house,
or other the places aforesaid to eat or
drinke, or otherwise to bee conversant
or abide, or thither to haunt or fre-
quent, upon paine of imprisonment, as
well of the occupier and keeper of eve-
ry such house or houses, and all other
the places afore remembred, as of the
said common women or Harlots.
ALso that you doe give in charge
to the Wardmote Inquest of
your Ward, all the Articles de-
livered to you herewith.
An Act for the Reforma-
tion of divers abuses, used in
the Wardmote Inquest.
Commons, Dinners, Banquetings.
ITEM, Where the
Wardmote Inquests
within the severall
Wards of this City,
for the maintenance
of Honesty, Vertue, & good Li-
ving; and for the abolishment,
exiling, and suppressing of all
kinde of Vice, evill Rule, and In-
iquity, according to the ancient
laudable Lawes and Customs of
the said City, are yeerely several-
ly charged and sworne, upon the
day of S. Thomas the Apostle, be-
fore the Aldermen of the said
Wards, chiefely and principally
to the end and intent, that they
with all diligence should truly
and duly inquire and present all
such Enormities, Nusances, Mis-
order, and Offences, as are, or at
any time within the space of one
whole yeere then next ensuing,
shalbe severally used, committed,
or done within the said Wards,
and have day yeerely to make
their said Presentments, untill
the Munday next after the Feast
of the Epiphany: The said In-
quests heretofore little or no-
thing at all regarding (as it is
very manifest and not unknown,
the more is the pity) their said
Oathes, or yet the great commo-
dities, Vtility, Quietnesse, Ho-
nour, and Worship, that might
or should grow and insue to the
said City, and inhabitants of the
same, through their good, indu-
strious, and indifferent procee-
dings, for the advancement of
Vertue, and repressing of Vices,
have drawne it in a manner into
a very ordinary course and com-
mon Custome, to consume and
spend a great part of their said
time, that they have yerely given
unto them, when they receive
their said charge; partly in set-
ting up among themselves a cer-
taine Commons, and making and

Temporall Government.

keeping many costly and sump-
tuous Dinners, Suppers, and
Banquets, inviting and calling
to the same at sundry times, in a
manner, all the Inhabitants of
the said severall Wards, to the
no little charges of the same In-
habitants, and partly in passing
and occupying much part of the
same time in playing at Dice,
Tables, Cards, and such other
unlawfull Games both to the
great costs, charges, and expen¦ces
of the said Inquests (where-
of the greater part most com-
monly are but poore men) and
also to the very lewd, perniti-
ous, and evill example of all such
as have any accesse or recourse
unto the same Inquests. And
where also the said Inquests have
of late usurped to dispense with
such persons, as they by their
search, and otherwise, have foun-
den to offend and transgresse the
Lawes, in using and occupying
of unlawfull Weights and Mea-
sures, taking of the said Offen-
ders certaine Fines (as it is said)
the said Inquests have common-
ly used to imploy toward the
maintenance of their said Fea-
sting and Banqueting, directly
against the due order of our So-
veraigne Lord the Kings Lawes,
and the publike wealth of all his
Highnesse Subiects within the
said City, and much to the re-
proch and dishonour of the same
For remedy and Reformation
thereof, be it Ordained Enacted,
& Established by the Lord Mai-
or, Aldermen, and Commons,
in this present Common Coun-
cell assembled, and by authority
of the same, That all and every
the Wardmote Inquests of the
said City, from henceforth to be
yeerely charged & sworne with-
in the severall Wards at the time
afore rehearsed, shall at all times
and places meet and convenient
for the due execution of their
said charge, meet and assemble
themselves together, and that
they and every of them after
their said meetings, inquisition,
and treating of their said neces-
sary matters, shall goe home to
their owne severall houses to
Breakefast, Dinner, and Supper,
during all the said accustomed
time of their charge and Session
abovesaid: And that none of the
said Inquests shal from hencefor-
ward set up any manner of Com-
mons, or keepe or maintaine any
manner of Dinners, Suppers, or
Banquets among themselves, or
use at their said Assemblies and
Sessions, any of the Games above
mentioned, or any other whatso-
ever unlawfull Games or Playes
at any time, before the giving up
of the said Presentments at the
time above remembred. Or shall
take or receive any maner of Fine
or Fines, for the concealement
and discharging of any of the Of-
fences afore recited: but truly
present the same Offences, and
every of them, according to their
Oaths, upon paine of imprison-
ment by the discretion of the
Lord Maior and Aldermen of
the said City for the time being.

Temporall Government.
Fire and Candle, &c. Recreation.
PRovided alway, and bee it
enacted by the Authority
aforesaid, That it shall bee
lawfull for all the every of the
said Inquests, to take and receive
towards the charges of their Fire
and Candles, and other neces-
saries during the time of their
said Session, all and every such
summes of money, as any honest
person or persons of their free
will and benevolent minde, will
give or offer unto them: and
when they have made their said
Presentments, to goe and assem-
ble themselves together for their
Recreation and solace, where
they shall thinke it good: and
there not onely to bestow and
spend the twenty shillings,
which every Alderman within
his Ward, according to a cer-
taine order lately taken, shall
yeerely give unto them at the
time of the delivery of the said
Presentments, towards their said
charges in this behalfe, but also
the residue of the said money re-
ceived and gathered, as it is afore-
said, of the benevolence of their
said loving friends, if any such
residue shall fortune to remaine.
Any Clause or Article in this
present Act contained to the
contrary notwithstanding.
Not fayling hereof, as ye ten-
der the Common weale of this
City, and advancement of good
Iustice, and as ye will answer for
the contrary at your vttermost
The Articles of the charge
of the Wardmote Inquest.
YEE shall sweare, that yee shall
truly enquire if the Peace of the
King our Soveraigne Lord bee
not kept as it ought to be, and in whose
default, and by whom it is broken or
Franke pledge.
ALso if any man be received with-
in this Ward, but if he be under
Free pledge, that is to say, bee
sworn after the Alderman at his Court,
or else afore the said Alderman, be-
tween this & the Munday next after the
Feast of the Epiphany next comming.
Outlawes, Traitors, Fellons, &c.
ALso if there dwell any man with-
in the Ward, that is outlawed
or indited of Treason or Fello-
ny, or bee any receiver of Traitors or
ALso yee shall enquire, and truly
present all the offences and de-
faults done by any person or per-
sons within the River of Thames, ac-
cording to the intent and purport of
an Act made by our late Lord King Ed-
the sixth, in his high Court of
Parliament, and also of divers other
things ordained by Act of Common
Councell of this City, for the redresse
and amendment of the said River,
which as now is in great decay and ru-
ine, and will bee in short time past all

Temporall Government.

remedy, if high and substantiall provi-
sion and great helpe be not had with all
speed and diligence possible: as more
plainely appeareth in the said Act of
Parliament, and the said Act of Com-
mon Councell of this City.
ALso if any maner of person make
Congregation, or be receiver or
gatherer of evill companies.
Riotor, Barrator.
ALso if any man be a common Ri-
otor, or a Barrator, walking by
nightertaile without light, a-
gainst the rule & custome of this City.
Peace, hue and cry.
ALso if there be any man within
this Ward, that will not helpe,
aide, nor succour the Consta-
bles, Beadle, and other ministers of this
City in keeping of the peace, and ar-
rest the evill doers with rearing of hue
and cry.
Hucksters, receivers of Ap-
prentices Artificers, &c.
ALso if there be any Huckster of
Ale and Beere, that commonly
useth to receive any Apprenti-
ces, servants, Artificers or Labourers,
that commonly use to play at the Dice,
Cards, or Tables, contrary to the form
of the statute in that case ordained and
Inholder, Taverner, Victualer.
ALso if there bee any Inholder,
Taverner, Brewer, Huckster, or
other Victualer, that hold open
their houses after the houre limited by
the Maior.
ALso if any Parish Clarke doe
ring the Bell, called the Curfue
Bell, after Curfue rungen at the
Churches of Bow, Barking Chruch,
and Saint Giles without Creplegate.
Bawds, maintainers of quarrels.
ALso yee shall enquire if any Pu-
tour, that is to say, man-Bawd, or
woman-Bawd, common hazer-
dours, contectour, maintainer of quar-
rels, champartours, or embracers of
Inquests, or other common mis-doers
bee dwelling within this Ward, and
present their names.
Strumpet, Adulterer,
Witch, Scold.
ALso if any Baud, common strum-
pet, common Adulterer, Witch
or common Scold bee dwelling
within this Ward.
ALso if there be any house, where-
in is kept and holden any hot-house,
or sweating-house, for
ease and health of men, to the which be
resorting or conversant any strumpets,
or women of evill name or fame, or if
there be any hot-house or sweating or-
dained for women, to the which is any
common recourse of young men, or of
other persons of evill fame and suspect
Also, if there bee any such persons
that keepe or hold any such hot-houses,
either for men or women, and have
found no surety to the Chamberlaine
for their good and honest behaviour,
according to the Lawes of this City,
and lodge any manner of person by
night, contrary to the ordinance therof
made, by the which he or they shall for-

Temporall Government.

twenty pounds to the Chamber, if
they doe the contrary.
Thames, ditches, streets, &c.
ALso if any manner of person cast
or lay dung, ordure, rubbish,
seacole dust, rushes, or any other
thing noyant, in the River of Thames,
Walbrooke, Fleet
, or other ditches of this
City, or in the open streets, waies, or
lanes within this City.
ALso if any person after a great
rain falleth, or at any other time
sweepe any dung, ordure, rub-
bish, rushes, Seacole dust, or any other
thing noyant, downe into the chanell
of any street or lane, whereby the com-
mon course there is let, and the same
things noyant driven downe into the
said water of Thames.
Hogs, Kine, Oxen, Ducks.
ALso if any manner of person nou-
rish Hogs, Oxen, Kine, Ducks,
or any beasts within this Ward,
to the grievance and disease of their
ALSO if any Vsurers or false
chevesancers be dwelling with-
in this Ward.
Persons indited in one Ward,
flying into another.
ALso where afore this time it is
ordained and enacted as hereaf-
ter followeth. Item, for to es-
chew the evils of misgoverned persons
that daily when they be indited in one
Ward, flye into another: It is ordain-
ed by the Maior and Aldermen, that as
soone as a man or woman suspect, first
doe come to dwell within any house, in
any Ward within the City, the Con-
stables, Beadles, or other Officers of
the same, shall bee charged by their
Oathes, at the generall Court, to en-
quire and espy from whence they come.
And if they finde by their owne confes-
sion, or by the record of any of the
Bookes of any Alderman of the Ci-
ty, that they be indited or cast of evill
and noyous life, and will not finde sure-
ty for their good abearing and honest
governance to the Alderman for the
time being, that then they shall not
dwell there from thenceforth, but shall
bee warned to avoid within three
or foure dayes, or more or lesse, after,
as it shall bee seene to the Alderman
of the Ward for the time being, and
that the Landlord that letteth the
house, or his attourney, shall bee al-
so warned to make them to avoid
out of his house aforesaid, within the
said time limited by the Alderman: and
if they bee found there after the time,
that then not onely the said dishonest
persons shal have imprisonmēt of their
bodies after the discretion of the Maior
and Aldermen, but also the said Land-
lords, letters of the said houses, shall for-
feit to the Guild-hall, as much as they
should have had for letting of the said
house, or should be paid by the yeere, if
the said persons or others had dwelled
in the said house.
Colouring forraine goods.
ALso if any Freeman against his
Oath made, conceale, cover, or
colour the goods of Forrains, by
the which the King may in any wise
lose, or the franchises of this City bee
Forraine buying and selling.
ALso if any Forraine buy and sell
with any other Forraine within
this City or the Suburbs thereof
any goods or Merchandises, the same

Temporall Government.

goods or Merchandises bee forthwith
forfeit, to the use of the Comminalty of
this City.
Freemen not resident.
ALso if every Freeman, which re-
ceiveth or taketh the benefit,
and enjoyeth the franchises of
this City, bee continually dwelling
out of the City, and hath not, nor
will not (after his oath made) bee at
scot and lot, nor partner to the char-
ges of this City, for the worship of
the same City, when hee is duely re-
Orphans, Wards, Marriages.
ALSO if any man conceale the
goods of Orphanes of this City,
of whom the Ward and marri-
age of right belongeth to the Maior and
Aldermen of this City.
AND if any Officer by colour of
his Office, doe extortion unto
any man, or bee maintainer of
quarrels against right, or take carriage,
or arrest victuall unduely.
Boatman, Ferriour.
ALso if any Boatman or Ferriour
be dwelling in the Ward, that
taketh more for Boatmanage or
ferriage, than is ordained.
ALso if any man make Purpre-
stures, that is to say, encroach, or
take of the common ground of
this City, by land or by water, as in
walls, pales, stoopes, grieces, or doores,
or cellers, or in any other like within
the Ward; or if any porch, pent-house,
or jetty bee too low, in letting of men
that ride beside, or carts that goe there-
Pent-houses, Ietties, Stalls, &c.
ALso that Pentises and Ietties be
at the least the height of nine
foot, and that the stalls bee not
but of two foot and a halfe in breadth,
and to be flexible or moveable, that is
to say, to hang by Iemewes or garners,
so that they may bee taken up and let
Way, Watercourse.
ALso if any common way or com-
mon course of water be foreclo-
sed or letted, that it may not
have his course as it was wont, to the
noyance of the Ward, and by whom it
is done.
ALso if any pavement bee defe-
ctive, or too high in one place,
and too low in another, to the
disturbance of riders and goers therby,
and carts that goe thereupon.
Regrators, Forestallers.
ALso if any Regrator or Forestal-
ler of victuall, or of any other
Merchandizes which should
come to this City to be sold, bee dwel-
ling in this Ward: a Regrator is as much
to lay, as hee that buyeth up all the vi-
ctual, or Merchandizes, or the most part
thereof, when it is come to the City or
the Suburbs of the same at a low price,
and then afterwards selleth it at his
owne pleasure, at a high and excessive
price: a Forestaller is he that goeth out
of the City, and meeteth with the vi-
ctual or Merchandize by the way, com-
ming unto the City to be sold, and there
buyeth it, both these bee called in the

Temporall Government.

Law, Inimici publici patriae, which is to
say, open enemies to a Country.
Price of victuall.
ALso if any Butcher, Fishmonger,
Poulter, Vintner, Hostler, Cook,
or seller of Victuall, doe sell Vi-
ctuall at unreasonable prices.
ALso if any Hostler sell Hay,
Oats or Provender at excessive
prices, taking greater gain ther-
by then is reasonable and lawfull.
Victuall unwholsome. Price.
ALso if any Victualer sell any
Victuals not covenable, or un-
wholsome for mans body, or
else dearer than is proclaimed by the
Measures unsealed.
YE shall diligently make search
and inquiry, whether there bee
any Vintner, Inholder, Ale-
house-keeper, or any other person or
persons whatsoever within your Ward,
that doe use or keepe in his or their
house or houses, any Cans, Stone pots,
or other measures which be unsealed, &
by Law not allowed to sell Beere or
Ale thereby, and whether they doe sell
any of their best Beere and Ale above
a penny the quart, or any small Ale or
Beere above a halfe penny the quart, &
whether any of them doe sell by any
measure not sealed. If there bee any
such, you shall seize them, and send
them to the Guild-Hall to the Cham-
berlaines Office, & present their names
and faults by Indenture, so oft as there
shall be any occasion so to doe.
Weights and Measures.
YE shall also make search in the
Shops and Houses of all the
Chandlers, and of all others
which sell by Weight or Measure,
dwelling within your Ward, and see
that their Scales bee not one heavier
then another, and that their Measures,
as well Bushels as lesser Measures, as
well those that sell Sea-coales by (which
ought to bee heaped) that they bee in
bredth according to the new Standard,
sealed as all others; and that all Yards
and Ells be their just lengths & sealed,
that the poore and other his Majesties
subjects be not deceived. And further,
if any doe buy by one Weight or Mea-
sure, and sell by others: and if in your
search you finde any false Weights,
Measures, or Scales, ye shall seize them
and send them unto the Guild-Hall to
the Chamberlaine: and you shall also
doe the like, if you shall finde any that
doe sell any thing by Venice Weights,
contrary to the Law, and his Majesties
Proclamations, present their names and
Inholder, Browne-Baker.
ALso if any Inholder bake any
Bread to sell within his house:
and if any Baker of sowre Bread
bake white Bread to sell, or marke not
his Bread, or else take more for the ba-
king then three pence for a Bushell.
House, Tyle.
ALso yee shall enquire, if any
house bee covered otherwise,
then with Tile, Stone, Lead, for
perill of fire.
Leper, Begger.
ALso if any Leper, Faitour, or
mighty Begger bee dwelling
within this Ward.
Bakers, Brewers.
ALso if any Baker or Brewer
bake or brew with Straw, of
any other thing which is peril-
lous for fire.

Temporall Government.
Painted Vizage.
ALso if any man goe with painted
ALso if there be any man that han-
geth not out a Lanthorne with a
Candle therein burning after
the Vsage, according to the comman-
dement thereupon given.
Tall-wood, Billets, Faggots.
ALso if any person bring or cause
to be brought to this City or the
Liberties thereof, to be sold, or
sell, offer or put to sale, any Tall-wood,
Billets, Faggots, or other fire-wood,
not being of the full assize which the
same ought to hold.
Wood, Country.
ALso if any Free man of this City,
use to resort into the Countries
neere to this City, and there to
ingrosse and buy up much Billet, Tall-
wood, Faggot, Tofard, or other Fire-wood,
and convey the same by water
unto this City, and there lay it upon
their Wharfes and other places, and so
keepe it till they may sell it at high and
excessive prices at their owne wills.
Also if any Wood-monger, or any
other, sell any Billets or other Fire-wood
above the price set by the Lord
Cheese, Butter.
ALso if any Citizen of this City,
by himselfe, or any other person
for him or to his use, use to resort
into the Country, and there buy and
ingrosse great quantitie of Cheese and
Butter, as well barrelled as otherwise,
and after conveigh it by water or other-
wise to this City to be sold at deare and
excessive prices.
Freemen to shew their Copies.
ALso forasmuch as it is thought
that divers and many persons
dwelling within the Liberties
of this City, dayly occupy as Free-
men, whereas indeed they bee none,
nor never were admitted into the Li-
berties of this City, ye shall therefore
require every such person dwelling
within this Ward, whom ye shall su-
spect of the same, to shew you the Co-
py of his Freedome, under the Seale of
the Office of the Chamberlaine of the
said City; and such as yee shall finde
without their Copies, or deny to shew
their Copies, ye shall write and present
their names in your Indentures.
Melting Tallow.
ALso you shall inquire and truly
present all such persons as use
melting of Tallow, contrary to
an Act of Common Councell in that
case made and provided.
ALso you shall truly present all
persons which have or use any
Fire-Presses within the said Ci-
ty or Liberties of the same, for pressing
or dressing of Nether-stockes, Wollen-
clothes, or other things.
Also you shall enquire of all Armo-
rers and other Artificers, using to work
in Metall which have or use any Rear-
dorses, or any other places dangerous
or perillous for fire.
ALso if any have appraised any
goods of any Free-man decea-
sed, leaving behind him any Or-