House of Commons, 30 March 1875, Canadian Confederation with Alberta and Saskatchewan

MARCH 30, 1875. 995
Mr. SCHULTZ wished to have some information in regard to treaties generally in the North-West. There was very little to be obtained from the report of the Minister of the Interior. The treaty negotiated at Qu'Appelle Lake occupied several days and many matters were brought up. It was understood that dis- satisfactions were expressed by nearly every one of these Indians with the Hudson's Bay Company's rule in the North-West, and fear was expressed that the company or its officers exercised undue influence over the Government. If such were the fact, it was a very important matter for the Government to keep in view in making choice of officials in the North-West and in the Government of that territory.
Hon. Mr. LAIRD said the objections which the Indians took to the Hudson Bay Company were very fully stated in reports published in all the newspapers of Manitoba and in some newspapers in the Eastern Provinces. A reporter accompanied the commissioners and reported the objections taken by the Indians and the replies thereto which satisfied them in regard to the treaty. These reports had been published so fully through the press that he did not think it necessary to incorporate them in his report to the House.
Mr. SMITH (Selkirk) said the objection referred to was in regard to the reserves held by the Hudson's Bay Company under the provisions of the surrender of the territory. Otherwise there was very little fault found but it might be interesting to the House to know that a speech delivered by the hon. member for Lisgar, in which the Hudson's Bay Company were not spoken of in the most complimentary terms, had been translated into the Indian language and distributed among the Indians.
Mr. SCHULTZ said the hon. member had misconceived, to say the least of it, the objections raised by the Indians on the occasion referred to. These objections were simply the distrust engendered by their long experience in dealing with the Hudson's Bay Company's officers, and, if his information was correct, that distrust was very strongly expressed day after day. With regard to the alleged translation of his (Mr. SCHULTZ) speech, if the statement were true the translation must have been done by the Hudson's Bay Company themselves. It was a very unlikely story, however, inasmuch as there was not in the whole of the North- West a font of type capable of printing a document of that kind.
Mr. SMITH said he had been informed on a very good authority that such a document was circulated among the Indians. The peace and quietness which prevailed in the North-West was sufficient evidence of the good relations which existed between the Indians and the Hudson's Bay Company's officers.


Canada. House of Commons Debates, 1875-1949. Provided by the Library of Parliament.



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